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political philosophy based on the Enlightenment ideas; people should be as free as possible from government constraint
awareness of being a part of a community with common language, religion, and national symbols
Three factors contributed to Great Britain's industrial success
1. labor pool of displaced farmers
3. natural resources and a river network that provided transport
Where were most early factories located? Why?
near waterways because they provided the source of power
What was the main cause of the Crimean War?
Russia wanted to control the Balkans to have access to the Mediterranean Sea
At the start of the U.S. Civil War the first state to secede was South Carolina, what does secede mean?
Originally liberalism did not believe that all men should have the right to vote, only upper and middle-class men who owned property, why?
They feared mob rule (by the uneducated masses)
The right of the Great Powers (Britain, Russian, Prussia, Austria, and later France) to send armies to other countries to restore order is called:
principle of intervention
Why did the reforms of Czar Alexander II not satisfy many Russians?
1. landowners kept best land for themselves
2.they followed the old ways of farming
3.conservatives thought he was destroying society
What was the role of the steam engine in the industrial revolution?
it allowed factories to be located in urban areas away from water
How did discoveries in science in the 1800s benefit Europeans?
They improved medicine, industry, and transportation
Marxists that rejected the revolutionary approach and argued that workers must continue to organize in mass political parties and even work with other parties to gain reforms
idea that the prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body and not to the executive officer
What purposes were served by compulsory education? (List three)
-trained youth to work- white collar jobs
-helped increased literacy rates
- taught political ideas and promoted nationalism
Why did American workers organize labor unions?
Because they worked in unsafe factories for little pay
What was the movement in which writers and artists rebelled against traditional styles (1870-1914) was called?
How did Florence Nightingale and Clara Barton transform nursing?
they transformed nursing into a profession
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