71 terms

Religion Final

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Morality
knowledge based on human experience. reason, and God's revelation that discovers what we ought to be and what we ought to do to live fully human lives
Human Reason
Our God-given intellects
Human Experience
the ultimate source and justification for all knowledge
Divine Revelation
an insight or foresight purportedly revealed by a deity; revelation given by God or his prophets to spiritually gifted persons
Magisterium
the official teaching authority of the Church
Theological Virtues
Faith, Hope, and Charity are these virtues
Cardinal Virtues
Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance are these virtues
Independence
Freedom from others control
Interdependence
the effect that one part of the world has on another
Complementarity
the beneficial provision by another person of a quality that one lacks
Free Will
The freedom and ability to choose
Human Dignity
the value and worth that we share because God created us in his image and likeness
Freedom
The power rooted in reason and will, to act or not to act
License
is given to a person for the ability to do something, but they must follow laws in order to obtain control of it
Stewardship
responsible use and protection of the environment
Subsidiarity
the principle of Catholic social teaching that holds that a higher unit of society should not do what a lower unit can do as well or better
Solidarity
the Christian virtue of social charity and friendship
Nihilism
a philosophy that denies that there's any meaning in existence or in religious beliefs
Inherent
inborn or ingerite, something that does not need to be earned or acquired
Pascal Mystery
God's love and salvation revealed through the life, passion, death, resurrection, and glorification of Jesus Christ
St. Maximillian Kolbe
a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar, who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II
Prudence
the moral virtue that inclines us to lead good, ethical, and moral lives of action; "right reason in action," as Thomas Aquinas puts it
Discernment
a decision-making process that attends to the implications and consequences of an action or or choice
Moral Object
the moral content of an action that suggests whether the action is directed towards that true good
Intention
the aim or objective of a course of action
Motive
A reason for doing something
Circumstances
a fact or condition connected with or relevant to an event or action
Determinism
idea that every event has a cause, or determinant, that one could observe or measure
Imputable
ascribed, attributed, or definitely linked to a specific accountable person or entity
Canon Law
The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church
Eternal Law
God's providential ordering of natures to their ends
Natural Law
that defines right from wrong and is higher than human law
Beatitudes
8 guidelines to living, given by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount
Kingdom of God
The power of God's love active in our lives and in our world
Metanoia
Greek word meaning "change of heart" which leads to a spiritual conversion
Justification
the fact that is said to prove that something is true
Grace
God's gift of friendship and life that enables us to share his life and love
Charisms
special graces intended for the good of the community
Discipleship
the act of commitment seeking holiness by following Christ
Contemplative Orders
a religious order whose members are devoted to prayer rather than works
Apostolic Orders
a group of men or women within the Catholic Church who have come together for a specific purpose and live fraternally
Old Law
the Law of Moses and the Ten Commandments; the law of the Old Testament
New Law
the Law of the Gospels or the New Testament presented by Jesus
Conscience
An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action
Fortitude
courage in facing difficulties
Martyr
A person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs
Oscar Romero
a prelate of the Catholic Church in El Salvador, who served as the fourth Archbishop of San Salvador. He spoke out against poverty, social injustice, assassinations, and torture
Sin
An act against the will of God
Repentance
The act of regret for past wrongs
Contrition
deep regret for doing something wrong
Absolution
forgiveness; pardon; release
Mortal Sin
very serious sin that breaks a person's friendship with God
Venial Sin
Sin that is less serious and reparable by charity.
Original Sin
The fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born; the sin committed by Adam and Eve
Self Esteem
how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself
Honor
Regard with great respect
Euthanasia
The act of painlessly killing a suffering person or animal; mercy killing
Capital Punishment
the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime.
Abortion
the deliberate termination of a pregnancy
Abstinence
the giving up of certain pleasures
Sobriety
the virtue of living without alcohol
Chasity
another word for love
Fidelity
faithfulness to a person, cause, or belief, demonstrated by continuing loyalty and support
Fecundity
Ability to produce offspring
Infertility
the inability to conceive a child
Adultery
A sexual act between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner
Polygamy
marriage to several people at the same time
Divorce
The legal dissolution of a marriage.
Incest
Sexual activity between family members who are not husband and wife
Modesty
the quality of being modest
Rape
forcing sex on an unwilling partner