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SS Unit 2: French and Indian War
Terms in this set (23)
Background of French and Indian War
New France was colonies of France, extended from St. Lawrence River along Mississippi River to Gulf of Mexico. Britain's colonies along east coast. New France had relatively small pop. while British had 1.5 million people by 1760.
North American theater for larger global war between France and Britain called Seven Years War. Colonists in North America did most of fighting.
What were the Indian allies?
France fought alongside Algonquin and Huron tribes and Britain fought with Iroquois Confederacy.
Why did they fight?
Over control of Ohio River Valley and lucrative fur trade/fertile soil there, Indian tribes competing for land/control of fur trade/hunting grounds in Ohio River Valley
British won, French were winning early on but William Pitt led British colonists in successful battles against French colonies at Plains of Abraham outside of Quebec and Montreal.
Outcome of the war?
Treaty of Paris 1763 was signed, British obtained all land in North America east of Mississippi River, obtained Florida from Spain by trading it for Cuba. France received valuable sugar colonies in West Indies in exchange for Canada.
What happened after the war?
Many Indians in Old Northwest relied on French for trade, so when they departed British became bigger threat. Indian uprising called Pontiac's Rebellion led by Pontiac and Neolin called all Indians to reject European influence. Indians attacked British forts and settlers, the Proclamation of 1763 was issued and it forbid settlements west of Appalachian Mountains.
Why did the war matter?
Determined British would control future of North America, spelled doom for Indians throughout America, war brought colonies and Britain closer, and provided military experience (George Washington).
What diseases traveled to the New World from the Old World?
Smallpox, measles and mumps, typhus, chicken pox
What percentage of New World pop. was killed by diseases?
What types of plants and animals were introduced to New World via Columbian Exchange?
Pigs, cows, horses, wheat grapes, etc.
What types of plants and animals were introduced to the Old World via the Columbian Exchange?
Potatoes, maniac corvesa, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, corn, chili, beans, peanuts, etc.
Why did Europeans pass their diseases onto the Natives and not the other way around?
Spanish ship held first smallpox recipient and domestic animals of the Incas spread them.
Why was smallpox much deadlier for Native Americans than for Europeans?
Europeans were more resilient toward diseases because there were outbreaks before and they developed tougher immune systems.
What role did diseases like smallpox play in allowing Europeans to settle and colonize the Americas?
They killed off Natives so fast that settlers could colonize their land right after an epidemic hit. There was more land for them with less fighting to get it and faster settling, and Natives had cultivated land/crops there already.
Summarize the religious beliefs taught in many Protestant churches in colonial America.
We're all sinful, and only a few people were accepted into Heaven. Live good, study Bible, attend church, deep faith in God to get into Heaven and everything predetermined by Him too.
Why did people begin taking religion less seriously in the early 1700s?
Wealth had increased and temptations to live a less "faithful" life had increased, lot of people didn't have true faith and just went through the motions.
Describe the preaching style of the preachers of the Great Awakening.
Emotional, crying out for God, etc.
Who was George Whitefield?
English itinerant, a preacher who moved from town to town. He was powerful, had a loud voice and could move crowds; toured colonies and preached in fields and squares.
Who was Jonathan Edwards?
A congregationalist preacher in Northampton, Massachusetts and greatest American philosopher and religious thinker of that time.
Why did some people criticize preachers like George Whitefield?
They thought his motivation was for fame and money and that he was arrogant and vain.
Why do you think preachers such as Whitefield and Edwards gained so much popularity?
It gave people hope that God would give them a way out of punishment and a way to Heaven, instead of predestination where they could do nothing to control their fates.
What was the lasting impact of the Great Awakening?
That it made people more willing to challenge authority.
This set is often in folders with...
SS Unit 1: Colonization of North America
SS Unit 3: The American Revolution
SS Unit 4: The War of Independence
SS Unit 5: The Constitution
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