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Terms in this set (33)
Name from Illiniwek Indian tribe
"Checagou", wild onion (stinky weed)
City of Big Shoulders", "Windy City"; · Reasons- People have long referred to Chicago as 'The Windy City' because of several different contributing factors.
· -Tall buildings suck down a lot of the air being blown off of Lake Michigan
· -People used this as a way to refer to the people of Chicago as 'braggarts'
· -It was also used in many newspapers for 150 years to paint a certain picture of the city, negative and positive.
2.8 million; 3rd largest city in the United States
First explored by French; Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet in
The first known explorer to discover the region was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
A military post was set up after a Treaty was signed with the local Native Americans
Fort Dearborn was constructed
the United States acquired additional land with the Treaty of St. Louis
the Natives were kicked out in the Treaty of Chicago.
the population would grow from 200 to 4,000 people.
Chicago was incorporated as a city
The Galena and Chicago Union Railway opened and Chicago became one of the major transportation hubs from the east coast to the west (anything east of the Mississippi).
That same year 1848
Illinois and Michigan Canal opened allowing ships to enter the Mississippi from the Great Lakes. This was very important seeing as to how Chicago was a major player in retail, manufacturing (specifically meat packing).
From 1850 to 1860 the population of Chicago grew from 30k to 109k. Because of this population growth, the city of Chicago had troubles in waste management.
the city developed a waste management plan that took the waste that was originally flowing into the Chicago River, and diverted it into Lake Michigan. Originally, this was a great plan because it cut down on the nasty stench of the city and polluting of the city's water, but there was still a good amount of pollution. So the city then decided to tunnel two miles out into the water and install water cribs.
· Great Chicago Fire
· At 9 in the evening on October 8, 1871, a fire began in a small barn in Chicago.
The fire encompassed
9 square km of the city
and burned for
2 straight days.
The reason that the city burned so much and so rapidly was because
all of the buildings were made out of wood. Also, there had been a drought prior to the fire that helped it burn.
How many buildings destroyed
Around 17,500 buildings were destroyed
How many people left homeless?
and 98,500 people were homeless.
How many dead?
several hundred dead.
After the fire, cities from all around the US started donating money to help Chicago rebuild.
The city began to rewrite its building codes after this fire to avoid a disaster of this magnitude again.
· -St. Michael's church in Old Town
· -Chicago Water Tower
· -Chicago ave, Pumping Station
· -St. Ignatius College Prep
Theory of How Fire Started
· Catherine O'Leary was the woman who owned the barn. A newspaper reported posted an article that stated that Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern and that the lantern started the fire. In 1893, he retracted that statement saying he did it so people would have an interesting story to believe.
Amateur historian Richard Bales was able to gather enough evidence on Sullivan to convince the Chicago City Council to exonerate Mrs. O'Leary of any guilt in 1997.
1880 to 1890
the population doubled in size from 500k to 1.1 million.
immigrants made up 2/3 of the 1.6 million population of Chicago (Czechs, Swedes, Poles, Irish, and Germans).
gangsters like the notorious Al Capone became a prominent figure in Chicago during the Prohibition Era in the 1920's.
Congress passed the Housing Act to fund housing projects in underdeveloped parts of cities.
The Chicago Housing Committee, mainly lead by whites, rejected the plan and made it only available on the south side and west side of the city.
African Americans had been moving to Chicago since after the Civil War, primarily between 1870 and 1890, and the rejection of the plan created what would later be known as the Black Belt.
the Dan Ryan Expressway was constructed, essentially finalizing the barrier between North and South Chicago, and inevitably, what is rightfully perceived to be the haves and have nots, white and black, and right and wrong.
World's 1st skyscraper; and host of some of world's tallest buildings (3 of 10)
Theatre: Second City (Dan Akroyd, John Candy, Eugene Levy);
Food: Chicago Deep Dish Pizza (sauce on top); Chicago hot dogs
Chicago Cubs (last won World Series in 1908; Plays in 2nd oldest baseball stadium; Oldest team to continuously play in same city
- The "Historic Route 66" begins in Chicago at Grant Park on Adams Street in front of the Art Institute of Chicago.