25 terms

Global History Geography Review

Students will utilize this to prepare for potential questions on the New York State Global History and Geography Regents exam.

Terms in this set (...)

A South American mountain range along the western coast of that continent. These, as well as other mountains serve as barriers to the development of civilization. Utilized terraced farming.
Amazon River
River flowing through Brazil in South America. The river along with the Amazon Rain Forest are barriers to development. Within the past twenty years, deforestation has opened up this region.
Fertile Crescent
A crescent shaped swath of fertile land in the Middle East which was the site of many early civilizations, especially along the Tigris and Euphrates river valley. Ancient Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq.
Great Rift Valley
Centrally located on the continent of Africa, this valley has influenced the migration of people north to south.
Great European Plain
A large, flat plain in north central Europe. The Plain provides nations like Poland with rich farm land and natural resources like coal, copper, and natural gas. However, its flat terrain allowed for easy conquest and invasion.
Irregular Coastline
A jagged coastline that typically has many natural ports and relatively protected bays, making it well suited for manufacturing, and transportation. Aids in naval and commercial development.
A mountain range in south central Asia, which have played an important role in the development of the Indian sub-continent. This mountain range has protected and isolated people.
A disputed territory between the Muslim nation of Pakistan and the Hindu nation of India. This disputed territory is important due to the nuclear capabilities of both nations.
Khyber Pass
Cutting through the Hindu Kush Mountains, connecting the Indian sub-continent with central Asia. This pass has created a security issue throughout history for the Indian sub-continent.
Translates "land between two rivers", describing the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Home to one of the earliest civilizations Sumeria.
Seasonal winds associated with India and Southeast Asia, creating a wet and dry season. These seasons are vital for the production of rice.
Nile River
The lifeblood of Egypt providing excellent farm land due to flooding. This river allowed Egypt to construct an extensive empire.
Panama Canal
A canal built across the Isthmus of Panama, creating a shortcut for commercial and military traffic between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Persian Gulf
A body of water which is surrounded by 2/3rds of the worlds oil supply.
Silk Road
Trade along the road that cuts through Central Asia to the Middle East provided opportunities for east-west cultural diffusion.
Strait of Hormuz
A narrow band of water connecting the Persian Gulf with the Indian Ocean. Vital to the flow of oil.
Straits of Malacca
Narrow band of water connecting the Indian Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. Vital for east-west trade.
Suez Canal
A French and British canal, built in Egypt in 1869, allowing Europeans to trade more quickly with the east.
A chain of island. Japan is an archipelago.
Ring of Fire
The volcanic ring of island formed by the Pacific plates. Japan is an island nation created as a result of the Ring of Fire.
Greek Mountains
85 % of Greece is covered in mountains. Mountains promote cultural isolation. In ancient times, Greek city-states formed different political and cultural identities.
English Channel
A body of water which separates the Mainland of Europe from Great Britain. This has historically been a waterway that has provided Britain protection from invasion (Napoleon / Hitler).
These fertile lands of South America provide excellent conditions for agriculture and cattle production.
Unnavigable River
These are rivers which contain rapids and make it difficult to travel without modern modes of energy.
Mediterranean Sea
Known in Roman times as "mare nostrum" or our lake. This sea in the middle of the ancient world and Europe allows for cultural diffusion and commerce.