37 terms

Vitamins and Minerals

Wilson's anatomy vitamin and minerals chart. there is 2 cards per mineral, one for function and one for defficiency. i copy pasted from the charts so dont rely on the scores on quizlet.
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Calcium
Bone, tooth & nail formation, promotes muscle & nerve function, clotting of blood
Calcium deficiencies
Stunted growth in children, osteoporosis in adults
Phosphorus
maintain healthy bones, metabolism, nerve & muscle function
Phosphorus deficiencies
Muscle weakness, bone/joint pain
Magnesium
Helps maintain healthy nervous system & metabolism, helps with energy release, bone formation, immune system and muscular health
magnesium deficiencies
Muscle weakness, cramps, twitching, irritability, cardiac arrhythmias, confusion
Sodium
maintains the normal water/electrolyte balance of the body,nerve and muscle functioning
Sodium deficiencies
Muscle cramps, loss of appetite, mental apathy
Potassium
Electrolyte, cell metabolism, regulates fluid balance, helps to counters negative effects of sodium
Potassium deficiencies
Muscle weakness, mood & mental changes, nausea
Zinc
Cell division, protein synthesis, growth, virtually all enzyme activity, immune system
Zinc deficiencies
White spots on nails, poor condition of hair & skin, delayed wound healing
Iron
Essential for making hemoglobin and myoglobin
Iron deficiencies
Anemia, Learning problems in children, shortness of breath, headaches, skin pallor
B1- Thiamin
Nerve physiology and energy metabolism
B1 - Thiamin deficiencies
Beriberi, Heart enlargement/failure
B2 - Riboflayin
Energy Metabolism,part of Krebb's cycle
B2- Riboflayin deficiencies
Ariboflavosis
B3 - Niacin
Energy Metabolism
B3 - Niacin deficiencies
Pellagra
B6
Protein metabolism, neurotransmitter and Red blood cell synthesis
B6 deficiencies
Dermatitis, anemia, confusion, dementia
Folate
DNA and RNA synthesis
Folate deficiencies
Growth mutations like spina bifida,
B12
Protein and DNA metabolism, new cell formation, protects nerves
B12 deficiencies
Irreversible nerve damage, pernicious anemia
C
Boosts immune system, acts as antioxidant
C deficiencies
Scurvy
A
Helps immune system, vision, sperm, and fetal development, cell differentiation, bone formation
A deficiencies
Growth abnormalities, night-blindness problems with cornea
D
Bones
D deficiencies
Rickets
E
Antioxidant- help prevent cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer's, aging
E deficiencies
Lower red blood cell count, nerve damage
K
blood clotting
K deficiencies
Lack of blood clotting
Phytochemicals
Most function as antioxidants, some mimic hormones