Upgrade to remove ads
Art History 2 Exam 2
Terms in this set (56)
Paintings in a shadowy manner", using violent contrasts of light and dark, focused points of light
A ceiling design in which painted scenes are arranged in panels of that resemble framed pictures transferred to the surface of a shallow, curved vault
In drawing or painting, the treatment or use and light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling.
a picture depicting an arrangement of inanimate objects
realistically depicts scenes from everyday life
Types of printmaking
etching, drypoint, woodcut
kind of engraving in which a design is incised in layer of wax or varnish on metal plate. Parts left exposed are etched by acid that the plate is immersed in after incision
Instead of being cut into plate with burin, is scratched with hard steel "pencil"
image carved in reverse onto woodblock
Latin "dark room". An ancestor of the modern camera in which a tiny pinhole, acting as lens, projects image on a wall of room, used by artists of 17th, 18th cent in drawing from nature
Latin, "reminder of death" usually skull symbol
Latin, "vanity". Describes paintings (part 17th cent dutch still life) that celebrate material goods but also include reminders of death
"The grand manner" painting (in words of Poussin)
Subject matter or theme must be grand or worthy of contemplation, thought, structure, and style also important. Preparation includes arrangement, measure, and aspect or form
"Grand Manner Portraiture"
A type of 18th cent portrait painting designed to communicate a person's grace and class through certain standardized conventions, such as large scale of figure related to canvas, controlled pose, landscape setting, and low horizon line
Edmund Burke's Concept of Sublime
Feelings of awe mixed with terror. Fear or pain evoked most intense human emotion.
Andrea Palladio (1508-1580)
(He was born during Michelangelo's time) Architect during the period reviving high renaissance architecture. Was inspired by Vitruvius' De Architectura and wrote his own four treatises on architecture (I quattro libri dell'architettura) He inspired Thomas Jefferson and built villas on the Venetian mainland. Most famous work: Villa Rotunda
Annibale Carracci- (1560- 1609)
Carracci and family established the first school of art in the world: the Bolognese academy. It taught classical and Renaissance traditions Work: Flight into Egypt, Loves of the Gods (decoration in Palazzo Farnese Gallery) Style Characteristics: developed ceiling design called quadro riportato, lots of influence from Raphael and other renaissance artists and classical aesthetics, idealized landscapes
Artemisia Gentileschi (1563- 1639)
learned painting from her father who was an admirer of Caravaggio, her career took her all over Europe where she spread a style very similar to Caravaggio, uses tenebrism to heighten the drama of her intensely charged scenes Works: Judith Slaying Holofernes
Style:dramatic contrast of light and dark (tenebrism) that changed the style of the time, painted realistic religious scenes that shocked his audience because he deemphasized the religious or divine aspects of the scene. He was called the 'anti-Christ of painting' because he dismisses the classical masters (though really, he owed them a lot) Works: Conversion of Saint Paul, Calling of Saint Matthew
Peter Paul Rubens (1577- 1640)
Flemish(Flanders) master of painting-Connected the Italian Renaissance and Baroque to form a pan-European style, he was court painter to the Dukes of Mantua. His work is known for movement, diagonals, and foreshortening and is a powerful and original synthesis of Michelangelo, Titian, Caracci, and Caravaggio. Works: Elevation of the cross, Arrival of Marie de Medici Stylistic Characteristics: twisting figures, dramatic colors
Frans Hals (1581- 1666)
Dutch, Baroque, the leading painter in Haarlem, excelled at portraits, Works: Archers of Saint Hadrian Style Characteristics: portraits, lively light brushwork , spontaneity, relaxed figures
Nicolas Poussin (1594- 1665)
"painting in the grand manner" organization = harmonious, only subjects that are truly grand can be depicted. Emphasis on arrangement, measure and form. Based on Polykleitos' canon (classical) works: Et in Arcadia Ego
Pieter Claesz (1596-1660)
Dutch still life painter. Works: Vanitas Still Life celebrates material possessions tempered with Calvinist understanding of the impermanence of material goods, uses certain objects to remind the viewer of death (momento mori)
Velazquez (1599- 1660)
Genre painter, was court portraitist and chamberlain of palace to Philip IV of Spain Las Meninas- communicating self-importance as an artist elevating self/profession by placing himself with royal family (appears as tallest figure), influenced by Caravaggio in style Works: "Water Carrier of Seville", "Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor)", "King Philip IV of Spain"
Claude Lorrain (1600- 1682)
French landscapes, softer style than the disciplined rationalism of Poussin. The emphasis of his landscapes are not the drama though they depict classical characters, one theme "the beauty of a broad sky suffused with the golden light of dawn or sunset glowing through a hazy atmosphere and reflecting brilliantly off the rippling water" works: Landscape with Cattle and Peasants
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
most famous Dutch artist of the 17th C. Printmaking and painting, Baroque, first to experiment with different ways light rendered a form and created moods. Works: The Company of Frans Banning Cocq (Night Watch), Self-Portrait, Hundred Guilder Print. Style characteristics: Rendering of light and values, strong sense of light
Works: Marriage à-la-Mode Hogarth satirized the lifestyle of the newly prosperous middle class, waged a campaign against the English dependence to continental european artists, tone distinctly English
Judith Leyster (1609- 1660)
Frans Hals' Student, Dutch, Baroque Works: Self-Portrait Style Characteristics: Acknowledges the viewer, precise, but spontaneous, comic images
Jacob van Ruisdael (1628- 1682)
precise and sensitive depictions of the Dutch landscape, reflects the pride Dutch painters took in recording their homeland and the activities of their fellow citizens, captured the appearance of his specific location and infused the scene with a quiet serenity that approaches the spiritual works: View of Haarlem from the Dunes at Overveen
Aelbert Cuyp (late 1640's)
A distant view of Dordrecht, with a Milkmaid and Four Cows, and other Figures, Dutch Landscape art (looks kind of like Raphael)
Jan Vermeer (1632- 1675)
used camera obscura, indoor portrait scenes, was a patron and art dealer, Dutch, painted the Dutch landscape. He produced no more than 35 paintings attributed to him. His indoor life paintings are highly idealized depictions of social values of Dutch burghers. Works: Allegory of the art of painting,
Watteau (1684- 1721)
Lead painter of the Rococo style. His usually small canvases feature light colors and elegant figures in ornate costumes moving gracefully through lush landscapes. His paintings depict the outdoor amusements of French High Society. Works: l'indiferient, Pilgrimage to Cythera
Rachel Ruysch (1670- 1750)
Dutch daughter of a biologist/botanist, creates crazy organic still lifes, Baroque. Work: Flower Still life Style Characteristics: vanitas, organic, interesting compositions.
Chardin (1699- 1779)
French, Late Rococo, different aesthetic, lower class, every-day life, simplistic family scenes, more primal but with a focus on morality
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1846)
Amateur architect influenced by Palladio. This person painted in the Neoclassical style of architecture because of his love for Palladio and reference to the Roman ideas of government. Monticello is built with brick instead of classical building materials.
Jacques- Louis David (1748- 1825)
He started in the Rococo style but became a Neoclassical painter. He became the Neoclassical painter-theologist of the French Revolution. Subject matter should have a moral and should be presented so that noble deeds could inspire the future. Created painting in "The grand manner." Works:Oath of the Horatti, Death of Marat.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee- Lebrun- (1755-1842)
won independent role in art society, lived a life of high personal/economic independence, uses naturalism in 18th cent French art, one of few women admitted into Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture until French Revolution excluded girls from the school Works: Self Portrait Patron- Marie Antoinette
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840)
German Romantic Painter first to use romantic transcendental landscape Uses death as main subject in work, balances inner and outer experience Work: Abbey in the Oak Forest
Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851)
responded to encroaching industrialization, turbulent swirls of frothy pigment, emphasized the sublime - emotive power of pure color, releases colors from defining outlines to express both the forces of nature and the painter's emotional response to them, led to later developments in color that changed the nature of painting forever
John Constable (1776- 1837)
addressed agrarian issues (disappearing countryside) caused by the industrial revolution through landscape paintings in romantic sense. Works: The Haywain
The most important leader person guy thing in the Hudson River School. Most of the school's paintings are of the Hudson River Valley in New York. Beauty and 'the sublime' were expressed in these landscapes. Part of the Romantic period. Work: The Oxbow.
King Philip IV of Spain-
Patron of Velazquez, commissioned -Las Meninas
Member of famous Florentine house commissioned Peter Paul Rubens to memorialize her late husband, Henry IV (first Bourbon king of France) and her career in 21 paintings
Napoleon (1769- 1821)-
First consul of the French Republic (1799) and eventually the Emperor of France who controlled much of Europe through conquest and alliance, eventually lead a failed attack of Rome and lost the Battle of Waterloo that lead to his exile (1815).
Preeminent French art patron of the 17th century, master of political strategy and propaganda, kept the nobility close to him at all times and forced them into a state of subservience to elaborate court rituals. Known as the "Sun King" because the court revolved around him and considered him close to God. Built the palace of Versailles and established the Royal Academy of Art to regulate taste
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1780's)
philosopher, Key figure of French Enlightenment. He believed that the arts and sciences were corrupting man. Man's nature is good, but he is broken by society. He emphasized feelings over reason. He idealized the peasants and lower classes.
"barroco" - "irregular pearl" Mostly seen in Italian art from 1600 to 1750 Highly dramatic highly realistic. A contrast of Renaissance art of simplicity and rationality, it values theatrical subjects and "shadowy drama" rationality
"decorative shell work" A style primarily of interior design, that appeared in France around 1700. Lavish decoration, including small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, easel paintings and elegant furniture. Watteau artist. Members of the French high society commissioned these.
Neoclassicism (1800- to early 1900)
in line with Roman/classical aesthetic, very structural and unnatural compared to Rococo, advocating the rationality of man, controlled, stable compositions
Around 1750 to 1850 feeling and imagination over reason and thought. Flourished from 1800-1840
Realism (mid 1800s to ?)
unflinching reality, only paint what is observable, abandon classical restrictions
The Treaty of Westphalia 1648
granted freedom of religion throughout Europe, responsible for much political restructuring throughout continent, Netherlands, Sweden and France expanded authority, Spain and Danish influence receded.
30 Year's war (1618-1648)
Conflict between Catholics and Protestants , many revolts because of rising taxes. Catholic church was prominent sponsor of Art in Italy and Spain - Saw religious imagery as a way to attract/involve the viewer, goal to keep people in Catholic church. Art during this time was not idealized, and only rich/catholic church commissioned paintings.
Bank of Amsterdam
hub of financial center of the continent during the 17th century, at a time when the Dutch were establishing colonies all over the world.
French Royal Academy of Art (Painting and Sculpture)
established by Louis XIV, with Louis and Colbert in 1648 to regularize taste and establish the classical style as the preferred French Manner
French Revolution 1789-1799
a takedown of the French monarchy that stemmed from Enlightenment ideals and anger at the incompetence of Louis the fifteenth and the decadence of the aristocracy
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Art 102 Test #2
Art History Exam 3
CA5: indigenous americas
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Art quiz 5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 12- White Racial Identity Development (2)
Racial Cultural Identity Model
Human Growth and Development Exam
Helping relationship exam