15. Given the following information, calculate the estimated terminal value of the property at the end of its holding period. Going-out cap rate: 9%, Estimated holding period: 5 years, NOI for year 5: $100,500, NOI for year 6: $102,000.

A. $1,113,333

B. $1,116,667

C. $1,133,333

D. $1,166,667 16. Given the following information, calculate the before-tax equity reversion (BTER). NOI: $89,100, Annual Debt Service: $58,444, Net Sale Proceeds: $974,700, Remaining Mortgage Balance: $631,026.

A. $30,656

B. $343,674

C. $572,582

D. $885,600 18. Given the following information, calculate the going-out cap rate. Estimated holding period: 5 years, NOI for year 1: $120,000, NOI for year 5: $150,000, NOI for year 6: $155,250, Expected sale price at end of year 5: $1,350,000.

A. 8.9%

B. 11.1%

C. 11.5%

D. 11.9% 19. Given the following information, calculate the NPV for this property. Initial cash outflow: $200,000, Discount rate: 15%, CF for year 1: $25,876, CF for year 2: $23,998, CF for year 3: $23,013, CF for year 4: $22,105, CF for year 5: $144,670.

A. -$51,875

B. -$59,657

C. $140,343

D. $295,951 22. Given the following expected cash flow stream, determine the NPV of the proposed investment in an income producing property and determine whether or not the investment should be pursued. Investment Horizon: 5 years; Expected Yearly Cash Flow in each of the next five years: $127,628. Expected Sale Price at end of 5 years: $1,595,350; Opportunity Cost of Investment 6%; Current Market Price of Property: $1,750,000

A. NPV is -$20,246; Decision is to invest

B. NPV is -$20,246; Decision is not to invest

C. NPV is $249,967; Decision is to invest

D. NPV is $249,967; Decision is to not invest 23. Given the following information regarding an income producing property, determine the NPV using levered cash flows in your analysis. Required equity investment: $270,000; Expected NOI for each of the next five years: $150,000; Debt Service for each of the next five years: $125,000; Expected Holding Period: 5 years; Required yield on levered cash flows: 15%; Expected Sale Price at end of Year 5: $2,000,000; Expected Cost of Sale: $125,000; Expected Mortgage Balance at time of sale: $1,500,000

A. $245.15

B. $270,245.15

C. $419,264.54

D. $1,435,029.64 24. Given the following information regarding an income producing property, determine the unlevered internal rate of return (IRR). Expected Holding Period: 5 years; 1st year Expected

NOI: $89,100; 2nd year Expected NOI: $91,773; 3rd year Expected NOI: $94,526; 4th year Expected NOI: $97,362; 5th year Expected NOI: $100,283; Debt Service in each of the next five years: $58,444; Current Market Value: $885,000; Required equity investment: $221,250; Net Sale Proceeds of Property at end of year 5: $974,700; Remaining Mortgage Balance at end of year 5: $631,026.

A. 10.6%

B. 12.2%

C. 22.9%

D. 33.4% 25. Given the following information regarding an income producing property, determine the internal rate of return (IRR) using levered cash flows. Expected Holding Period: 5 years; 1st year Expected NOI: $89,100; 2nd year Expected NOI: $91,773; 3rd year Expected NOI: $94,526; 4th year Expected NOI: $97,362; 5th year Expected NOI: $100,283; Debt Service in each of the next five years: $58,444; Current Market Value: $885,000; Required equity investment: $221,250; Net Sale Proceeds of Property at end of year 5: $974,700; Remaining Mortgage Balance at end of year 5: $631,026.

A. 10.6%

B. 12.2%

C. 22.9%

D. 33.4% 26. Given the following information regarding an income producing property, determine the after tax net present value (NPV). Expected Holding Period: 5 years; 1st year Expected BTCF: $30,656; 2nd year Expected BTCF: $33,329; 3rd year Expected BTCF: $36,082; 4th year Expected BTCF: $38,918; 5th year Expected BTCF: $41,839; 1st year Expected Tax Liability: $7,645; 2nd year Expected Tax Liability: $8,658; 3rd year Expected Tax Liability: $9,708; 4th year Expected Tax Liability: $10,798; 5th year Expected Tax Liability: $6,951; Estimated

Before Tax Equity Reversion at end of year 5: $343,674; Expected Taxes Due on Sale at end of year 5: $32,032; Required equity investment: $241,163; After Tax Opportunity Cost: 11.2%

A. -$40,858

B. -$91,785

C. $40,858

D. $91,785 27. Given the following information regarding an income producing property, determine the after tax internal rate of return (IRR). Expected Holding Period: 5 years; 1st year Expected BTCF: $30,656; 2nd year Expected BTCF: $33,329; 3rd year Expected BTCF: $36,082; 4th year Expected BTCF: $38,918; 5th year Expected BTCF: $41,839; 1st year Expected Tax Liability: $7,645; 2nd year Expected Tax Liability: $8,658; 3rd year Expected Tax Liability: $9,708; 4th year Expected Tax Liability: $10,798; 5th year Expected Tax Liability: $6,951; Estimated Before Tax Equity Reversion at end of year 5: $343,674; Expected Taxes Due on Sale at end of year 5: $32,032; Required equity investment: $241,163

A. 11.2%

B. 13.3%

C. 15.4%

D. 20.3% 25. Given the following information, calculate the debt coverage ratio of this commercial loan. Estimated net operating income (NOI) in the first year: $150,000, Debt service in the first year: $100,000, Loan amount: $1,000,000, Purchase price: $1,300,000

A. 0.15

B. 0.67

C. 1.30

D. 1.50 26. Given the following information, calculate the loan-to-value ratio of this commercial loan. Estimated net operating income in the first year: $150,000, Debt service in the first year: $100,000, Loan amount: $1,000,000, Purchase price: $1,300,000

A. 0.08

B. 0.77

C. 1.30

D. 1.75 27. Given the following information, calculate the debt yield ratio on the following commercial property. Estimated Net Operating Income in the first year: $2,500,000, Debt service in the first year: $960,000, Loan amount: $20,000,000, Purchase price: $27,300,000

A. 4.8%

B. 12.5%

C. 68.6 %

D. 75.2 % 19. Given the following information, calculate the balloon payment for a partially amortized mortgage. Loan amount: $84,000, Term to maturity: 7 years, Amortization Term: 30 years, Interest rate: 4.5%, Monthly Payment: $425.62.

A. $9,458

B. $30,620

C. $73,102

D. $84,000 16. The purchase price of an income producing property today is $570,000. After analysis of the expected future cash flows, expected sales price, and expected yield, the investor determines that the future cash flows have a present value (PV) of $580,000. Taking into consideration the price of the property today, what is the net present value (NPV) of this investment opportunity, and should the investor take the deal?

A. $10,000; Yes

B. $10,000; No

C. -$10,000; Yes

D. -$10,000; No 17. Suppose an investor is interested in purchasing the following income producing property at a current market price of $450,000. The prospective buyer has estimated the expected cash flows over the next four years to be as follows: Year 1 = $40,000, Year 2 =

$45,000, Year 3 = $50,000, Year 4 = $55,000. Assuming that the required rate of return is 12% and the estimated proceeds from selling the property at the end of year four is $500,000, what is the NPV of the project?

A. $8,829.96

B. $9,889.56

C. $428,113.65

D. $459,889.56 26. Upon starting his first job after graduation, Jon has completed the necessary paperwork to set up direct deposit of his paycheck into his savings account. After taxes, medical benefits, and retirement account contributions have been taken out of John's gross salary, he is left with a direct deposit of $4000 at the end of each month. If John started with no other savings in his account, how much will John have in his savings account at the end of 12 months if he is able to earn an annual interest rate of 3%, with interest being compounded monthly?

A. $48, 665.53

B. $48,787.19

C. $56,768.12

D. $58,471.16 27. Suppose you are starting a Ph.D. program with only $1,000 in your savings account. The university has agreed to waive your tuition, cover all of your living expenses, and pay you an additional stipend of $2,000 at the beginning of each month, as long as you teach one course per semester over the course of five years. If your savings account is able to earn 5.5% per year for the five years that you will be in this program, how much will you have accumulated in your savings account by the end of the program if interest is compounded on a monthly basis?

A. $136,445.94

B. $137,708.75

C. $139, 077.35

D. $139,708.76 29. A property owner has set up a contract in which he agrees to sell a warehouse 5 years from now to the tenant who currently leases the space. The tenant has agreed to continue to pay $20,000 in rent at the end of each year, including year five, at which time he will purchase the building for an additional $1,500,000. Assuming the required rate of return on a similar investment is 10% (annual), how much is this deal presently worth to the original owner of the property?

A. $1,007,197.20

B. $1,014,779.29

C. $2,281,452.80

D. $2,293,663.00 31. Suppose an investor is interested in purchasing the following income producing property at a current market price of $490,000. The prospective buyer has estimated the expected cash flows over the next four years to be as follows: Year 1 = $48,000, Year 2 = $49,440, Year 3 = $50,923, Year 4 = $52,451. Assuming that the required rate of return is 14% and the estimated proceeds from selling the property at the end of year four is $560,000, what is the NPV of the project?

A. -$12,860.53

B. $145,574.52

C. $331,564.96

D. $477,139.47 2. To put into perspective the amount of residential mortgage debt outstanding, it is useful to compare this market to other prominent sources of available debt. Listing the issuer with the largest amount of debt outstanding first, which of the following choices best depicts the relative rank ordering amongst the major sources of outstanding debt in the U.S. as of the end of 2011?

A. Residential mortgage debt, marketable U.S. government bonds, corporate bonds, consumer debt

B. Marketable U.S. government bonds, residential mortgage debt, corporate bonds, consumer debt

C. Corporate bonds, marketable U.S. government bonds, residential mortgage debt, consumer debt

D. Consumer debt, residential mortgage debt, marketable U.S. government bonds, corporate bonds ;