Gym: Track and Field
Terms in this set (40)
jump over something
Who developed the pattern for the modern events of running, jumping, and throwing in their Golden Age?
What were the most famous Greek track and field games?
The Olympic Festivals
When did the Olympic Festivals begin?
The Olympic Festivals continued to be held every _ years until ___ __
4; 394 AD
The modern Olympic Games were revived in ____ in ______, _______
1896; Athens, Greece
The revival of the modern Olympic Games is largely attributed to a Frenchman, Baron ______ __ ________
Pierre de Coubertin
The new Olympic Games did not include Track and Field competition for women until ____ in __________
Women were merely "tolerated" in the Olympics until ____ when ______ ______-____ won many events
1948; Fanny Blankers-Koen
What events did Fanny Blankers-Koen win?
The 100 and 200 meter dashes, the 80 meter hurdles, and the 400 meter relay team
Good form in sprinting requires that the toes of the feet be placed _______ ahead, the body lean slightly forward from the ______ and the arms be relaxed and move through a small ___
straight; ankles; arc
What are the general types of starts in sprinting?
Bunch, medium, and elongated
Smaller women usually prefer the _____ start and taller women the __________ start
What sprinting starts require that the runner relax and let the gun "shoot her out of the blocks"?
The bunch and elongated starts
When the starter announces "On your mark," the runner backs her legs into the ________ _____
When starting a sprint, the hands should be separated about the width of the _________ and the body bent _______ so the shoulders are almost straight above the hands. The head should be ____ and the eyes focused down the _____ a few feet.
shoulders; forward; down; track
"Get set," the runner raises the hips until the back is parallel to the _______, or higher, and the body is inclined _______
On the "gun" the sprinter must push forward with the ____ leg and begin running as smoothly as possible. In all sprints the runner must try to "run on her ____"
Name examples of competitive relays
400 yards, 880 yards, mile, two mile, and sprint medley
To be successful in a relay race a high degree of _____ ________ ability is necessary
What are the general types of passing (exchanging) the baton?
The visual and blind passes
is used for all of the longer relays in which the incoming runner is tired and uncertain of her coordination. Grasping and controlling the baton is more important than speed in this type of relay
is used in all short distance relays. The incoming number is coming in fast and the success of the relay often depends on a fast, accurate exchange. During this exchange the outgoing runner does not look back at the incoming runner
During both passes the exchange is made by the incoming runner extending the baton forward with the _____ hand and placing it in her teammate's ____ hand. The outgoing runner then transfers the baton to her _____ hand before the next exchange.
right; left; right
The process by which a runner jumps over a hurdle
a wooden or metal obstacle over which a runner must leap in a race
The running high jump involves a run, jump, and a layout over a bar at a given height. The styles used in this event have progressed from a scissors, to an eastern layout, to the western roll, to a straddle roll, and now to the Fosbury Flop.
The Fosbury Flop came into practice as a result of Fosbury's Olympic triumph in ____ in _______ City.
the last runner of a four person relay team
the run used by a performer prior to taking off in a jump or in making a throw
a hollow cylinder made of metal or plastic, which is carried by one runner to the next in a relay race
a square or triangular bar made of metal or plastic about 16 feet long which serve as a transverse obstacle between two standards over which the high jumper must jump or vault
an area 20 - 22 yards long in which one relay runner must pass the baton to the next runner
a throw made by a performer that is counted as a trail but, because of some violation of the throwing rules, is not measured
the exchange in a relay race of the baton from the incoming runner to the outgoing runner
preliminary races in which the winners qualify for the semi-finals or finals
the relay team's first runner
Leg of a Relay
the designated distance that a particular member of a relay team must run
devices in which the feet are placed to aid the runner in starting
a heavy ball is thrown which involves a pushing or thrusting action. It is a throwing action. Some other throwing events are Discus and Javelin.
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