81 terms

Florida professional test part 2

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Code L F
Designates a former K-12 ELL who is exited the English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) program within the last two years
Code LP
Designates a 4-12 ELL student whom the reading/ writing test is pending.
Code LZ
Designates a former K-12 ELL student who existed the ESOL MORE THAN 2 years ago.
IEP team
Must meet every 12 months
Fixed ability group
The grouping of students for instruction by ability or achievement for the purpose of reducing heterogeneity (diversity)
Peer tutoring
Student achievement has shown that both tutors and tutees both benefit.
Extinction
Is a technique of withdrawing undesirable behavior in the classroom. To discourage (calling out of turn). Choosing not to call on that student.
25%
The law requires that complete professional development to improve the teachers classroom management skills if the teacher removes ___ of his or her total class enrollment. (removing students out your class)
Acquisition learning hypothesis
Formal knowledge about the rules of language are not as critical as the ability to use the language in the process of actual communication.
Primary grades
At the age students are too young to have a cognitive abilities or experiences to form strong opinions on issues. They rely more on the opinion of their parents or older siblings. (elementary)
School Advisory Council (SAC)
Include principle, teachers, parents, education support staff, business, and other community support members. There main purpose is to manage the SIP (school annual budget)
Least restricted environment (LRE)
The placement mandated under IDEA that requires that students with disabilities be educated in a regular classroom to the maximum extent appropriate..
Thematic approach
The organization of teaching around a specific theme or topic. Opportunity to see the RELATIONSHIPS between and among concepts within a central theme of the subject area.
Secondary grades
Middle school level
Contingency
A group of people united by some common feature.
Constructivism
Is a learner-centered approach to teaching that emphasizes teaching for understanding predicated on the concept that students construct knowledge for themselves based on what they already know by interaction with the environment
Concrete experience
Being involved in a new experience. Watching others or developing observations about one's own experience.
Hypothetically
By imagining a possibility rather than reality...
Interdisciplinary team
AKA grade level teams, consist of two or more teachers from different subject area who collaboratively plan for the students they commonly instruct.
Concrete operational
Age 7-11, children are able to develop the ability to take another's point of view.
Competency
The ability to do something successfully or efficiently....
Diagnostic
Provides information that can be used to identify specific areas of strength and weaknesses.
Explicitly
A clear and detailed manner, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
Effective Interventions
Is a process of assuring that key aspects of promising approaches are put into practice as intended and to meet local needs.
Formative assessment
Takes place both before and during the learning process; used to guideline the content and place of lessons.
High-frequency words
Are the most commonly used words in printed text and over 50 percent of all text is composed of them. Because many are phonetically irregular, tend to be abstract, have limited visual correspondence, or even easily understood definitions, students must memorize them to read quickly and fluently.
Higher -order thinking skills
Is a concept of education reform based on learning taxonomies (such as Bloom's taxonomy). The idea is that some types of learning require more cognitive processing than others, but also have more generalized benefits.
Inductive reasoning
Generalization. The process of drawing a general conclusion based on several examples. EX (Jennifer leaves for school at 7:00 a.m. Jennifer is always on time. Jennifer assumes, then, that she will always be on time if she leaves at 7:00 a.m.)
6 Levels of learning
1. Knowledge
2. Comprehension
3. Application
4. Analysis
5. Synthesis
6. Evaluation
Tentative test
Of the nature of or made or done as a trial, experiment, or attempt; experimental,
Principles of professional conduct for the education in Florida
Code of ethics, The rules of what you should and should not do.
Evidence based high yield instructional strategy
Concrete object, Good for kindergarten age level because these children learn better when they have direct, hands on experience.
Affective filter hypothesis
Is supportive of intellectual risk taking, and cultivates low levels of anxiety. Krashens theories. Negative affective variables such as anxiety and fear work against second language acquisitions (assets) need to create a positive climate.
Florida's consent decree
Each ELL (English Language Learner) is entitled to "equal access" to appropriate programming. The goal is to make sure that students language is proficient as efficiently as possible.
The Next Generation Sunshine Star Standards
Identify the content that should be addressed at each grade level. The prerequisite concepts and skills that students should have gotten fro prior year.
Basic interpersonal communication
Language used to communicate with others at a social event. 6 months to 3 years to get them.
Holistic scoring rubric
Does not provide specific feedback. Gives students a single, overall assessment score for the paper as a whole. 1-5 scoring.
Krashens comprehensible input workshop
Incorporating gestures, visuals, and manipulatives.
25
According to Florida's statues, the number of students in a class assigned to a teacher in grades 9-12 must not go over ____ students.
Receptive language
When a English language learner has developed the ability to understand a message in a second language, the student has developed. The ability to receive and understand a message.
Expressive language
Involves speaking and writing.
Pragmatic language
Refers to social language.
Inquiry-based learning
Requires that students form hypotheses prior to investigations.
Phonic skills
The student has problems decoding skills. the teacher should administering OPM nonsense word fluency and phoneme segmentation.
Advance organizer
Or Concept map, help the students see the structure of key concepts and topics. Assessing students prior knowledge about the unit topic.
Scaffolding
Is the support and assistance provided for learning and problem solving such as verbal cues or prompts, visual highlighting, modeling. (post a timeline of key events for students to see).
Running record
Is a oral reading assessment primarily used to determine a students reading level.
Preproduction
The stage of development in language acquisition wherein the second language- learner works to receive and understand the new language but produces little or no expressive language. (silent period)
Natural approach to language acquisition (the stages of second language development)
1. Preproduction
2. Early production
3. Speech emergence
4. Intermediate fluency
Early production
Students use one word or short phrases to communicate.
Speech Emergence
Students use phrases and short sentences to express complete thoughts.
Intermediate Fluency
Students use BICS the social skill of language, without difficulty and are beginning to develop CALP.
Discourse
Simply conversation or verbal expression.
Lexicon
Refers to the vocabulary used in a particular profession or area of study.
Semantic
Is the study of word meaning.
Register
Describes the use of different language forms (formal vs informal) that depend on the setting, the relationship of the speaker to the person he or she is addressing and the function of the interaction.
Phonemic awareness
Is the ability to recognize, think about, and work with the individual sounds in a spoken word.
Phonics
Are the smallest parts of sound in a spoken word. EX (bat the b sound)
Innovative instructional methods
New teaching methods
Ability to recognize letters by name
Is the most important skill for students to have upon entering first grade to be successful readers.
Percentile
Are scores that reflect a students standing relative to a norm group. EX. (the 80th percentile is the same as or better than 80 percent of the scores of a norm group).
Right brain dominant
Inductive. Respond best to visual and kinesthetic instruction, process information holistically, see patterns and relationships, think from whole to part, prefer to see the big picture.
Left brain dominant
Deductive, Thinks from part to part. Processes thought logically and analytically. approach problem's systematically.
Licensed copies
Is illegal if the software in unlicensed.
Florida's council of teachers
Benefits of joining is increased opportunities to stay abreast of current development in the field.
Structural analysis
Is a strategy for determining the meaning of a word by breaking the word into its component subunits- prefixes, root words, suffix's, inflectional endings. (s, ing, est, er, able)
Graphic organizer
Is a visual depiction of abstract concepts or process. Helps students organize their information by putting information into logical , easy to read visual format.
Decision tree
Is used to guide students in the decision - making process.
Flowchart
is used to show the sequence or flow of events, action, or processes.
Story tree
Is used to guide students critical evaluation of a work of literature.
Web aka Webbing
Graphic organizer. Students list words or phrases that are connected to the central topic. This will reveal the students prior knowledge and disclose their misconception about natural resources.
Deductive reasoning
Conditional and syllogistic reasoning. Starts with a basic assumption or fact and proceeds to a logical conclusion.
Field- dependent
Tend to be active in social interactions.
Field- independent
Tend to be more passive in social situation
Implicit
implied though not plainly expressed.
synonyms:
implied, hinted at, suggested
Grade equivalent score
A fifth grader scored of 7.6 which means she did as well as a 7th grader with 6 months of preparation.
Tactile/ Kinesthetic
Learners prefer to learn by touching, by feeling shapes and textures, and by moving things around.
Alphabetic principle
Having students say the letter of the alphabet and the sound it makes.
Cloze procedure
Is a open ended assessment tool in which a selected word or phrase is eliminated from a sentence or paragraph, while the student in instructed to complete the missing word or words.
Misue analysis
Is a formal examination of a students deviations (while reading students skip a word or add a word)
Running Record
are defined as informal checks of oral reading accuracy