Social Studies Chapter 10 Section 3
Terms in this set (53)
Rome was a patriarchal society which meant that
men ruled their families and that people traced their origins through male ancestors.
A paterfamilias was
the oldest man in a Roman family, or the head of the household.
In theory, in the Roman family, the father had...
absolute, or unlimited, power over his wife, children, slaves and underage siblings, and ownership of all of the property.
A Roman father could...
sell his own children into slavery or kill them if he chose.
In practice, however, a father's power was...
limited by custom.
Roman women enjoyed ...
more freedom than Greek women.
Unlike Greek women, Roman women...
could own personal property and took an active role in social life (including attending parties, enjoying the theater, and participating in religious rituals).
Roman women could not...
vote, attend assemblies, or hold public office.
According to the Romans, the most important role of women was..
to bear children and raise them to follow traditions.
The ideal Roman woman was..
a faithful wife and mother, devoted to her family.
Most Romans were...
poor free people or slaves.
A tiny minority of the Romans were...
Most wealthy Romans earned their money from...
agriculture. They owned huge farms worked by poor Romans or slaves.
Other wealthy Romans earned their fortunes through...
Upper-class Romans lived in one or two story houses as large as a ....
city block which had courtyards, gardens, private baths, beautiful decorations, and even running water.
large country homes which were owned by elite families.
Wealthy Roman men worked at...
looking after their business and advancing their political careers.
Wealthy women ...
supervised the slaves who took care of their homes and their children.
In the city, most poor Romans lived...
in cramped apartments without running water.
Serious dangers that poor Romans experienced included...
crime, disease, fires, and the collapse of poorly built apartment buildings.
Many poor Romans were tenant farmers, which meant that they...
rented land from wealthy landlords.
Some poor Romans worked...
as day laborers in construction or at the city docks.
Other poor Romans ran...
stores, taverns, or restaurant.
Were the majority of Romans wealthy or poor?
What are the ways a person could become a slave in the Roman world?
1) being born into it
2) be captured in a war
3) kidnapped by pirates or bandits
4) fell into too much debt
Slavery was very _____ in ancient Rome.
As Rome became richer and more powerful, Romans...
bought or captured increasing numbers of slaves.
As many as ______ percent of people in Rome in the year 1 B.C. may have been slaves.
For most of Roman history, slaves had...
Slaves could be...
1) bought and sold as property
2) beaten or killed by their masters for any reason
3) have their children be born into slavery
4) treated so brutally when working on large farms or in mines that they would quickly die
The slaves that led easier lives performed what type of work?
1) working in the homes of their wealthy owners performing housework
2) working as secretaries or teachers (usually Greeks)
Slaves who served loyally could be...
freed as a reward.
Slaves could also save up to...
buy their freedom.
Freed slaves became...
citizens and had the right to vote.
a famous fighter who led an army of rebels slaves in 70 BC in a fight against the Roman army and threatened to capture Rome before the Romans defeated them.
Religion was an ...
important part of every day life in Rome.
The Romans worshiped how many gods?
Where did many of the Roman gods come from?
The Greeks, the Etruscans, Latin traditions, or the people they conquered.
An established religion is...
an official religion supported by the government.
In Rome, the establishment of religion included the fact that top government officials also served...
Roman officials often consulted with whom before making important decisions?
Romans believed that an important part of the government's job was...
maintaining good relations with the gods.
The Romans believed that they could placate their gods, or
keep them happy.
The Romans believed that if they did certain things that the gods would...
give them what they asked for.
What are some religious things that the Romans did?
2) worshiped at home
3) built temples
4) offered animal sacrifices
5) held games in honor of the gods
Romans like Cicero believed that their success was due to their...
careful attention to the gods.
Who wrote: "I am quite certain that...[Rome] would never have been able to be so great had not the immortal gods been placated."
In what way was Roman society patriarchal?
Men held all the power in society.
What class of people owned villas?
They wealthy owned them.
What was considered the most important role of a Roman woman?
Child bearing, child raising, taking care of the home.
The king of the Roman gods. He ruled the sky and thunder.
The wife of Jupiter. The goddess of marriage and family.
The daughter of Jupiter. The goddess of wisdom and war.
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