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30 terms

CHAPTER 3 - NEOPLASMS

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Anaplastic
Abnormal tissue, the more undifferentiated tissue.
Angiogenesis
New growth of blood vessels.
Benign
Having limited growth, noncancerous.
Cachexia
A term used to describe any individual who has an ill, thin, wasted appearance.
Carcinogen
Cancer causing agent or substance.
Carcinoma
The most common type of malignant neoplasm arising from epithelial tissue.
Carcinoma In Situ
Atypical cells residing in the epithelial layer of tissue, not having broken through the basement membrane and invading other local tissues.
Chemotherapy
Using pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of cancer.
Curative
Something that corrects or cures the disease or condition.
Cytology
The examination or study of cells.
Differentiation
The process of individual specialization of cells.
Dysplasia
An alteration in size, shape, and organization of cells.
Frozen Section
A technique that enables a pathologist to make a rapid determination of a tumor condition, either malignant or benign.
Grading
Determining the degree of differentiation of cells through microscopic examination.
Hematoma
A large tumor or swelling filled with blood; also called a bruise or contusion.
Hyperplasia(s)
An increase in cell number; overgrowth in response to some type of stimulus.
Invasion
Spreading into surrounding or local tissue.
Leukemia
A progressive overgrowth ob abnormal leukocytes; a malignant disease of the bone marrow.
Lymphomas
Malignant neoplasm of blood-forming organs.
Malignant
Deadly or progressing to death; cancerous.
Metaplasia
A cellular adaptation in which the cell changes to another type of cell.
Metastasis
Spreading to distant sites.
Neoplasm(s)
An increase in cell number, leading to an increase in tissue size; commonly called tumors.
Palliative
Something that is directed toward relief of symptoms but does not cure.
Pap Test
Also called Papanicolaou test; a screening for cancer using and examining the cells scraped from the cervical area.
Preventive
Something that reduces risk.
Radiation
The process of using light, short-waves, ultraviolet or X-rays or any other rays.
Sarcoma
A malignant neoplasm arising from connective tissue.
Staging
Determining the degree of spread of a malignant tumor.
Tumor
"Swelling" or growth, originally used in the description of the swelling related to inflammation.