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99 terms

Test #3

Review
STUDY
PLAY
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemically bonded is called what?
Mixture
A substance that dissolves in another substance is called a what?
Solute
A mixture in which the components remain evenly distributed is called a?
a. Solution
b. suspension
c. Compound
d. Molecule
a. Solution
The element that makes up the greatest percentage of weight in the body is _____.
Oxygen
What is the name of the plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts?
Frontal
A term to describe the position of the hypo gastric region of the abdomen with respect to the iliac region is _______.
Medial
There are numerous levels of organization in the body. The correct order from simplest to most complex is what?
Cell - Tissue - Organ - System - Organism
The correct order of the stages of mitosis is what?
Prophase - Metaphase - Anaphase - Telaphase
A personal characteristic or lifestyle habit that increases ones chances of getting cancer is called what?
Risk Factor
The tissue enclosing the heart is called the _______.
Pericardium
A term that refers to a disease that is continuously present in a population is an _________.
Endemic
Which of the following diseases is not caused by a fungus?
a. Pneumonia
b. Virginities
c. Ringworm
d. Giardiasis
Giardiasis
Plasma membrane is best described as what?
Selectively Permeable
Which of the muscle types are under voluntary control?
Skeletal
An infection agent composed entirely of protein is called a _______.
Prions
The maintenance of constant body temperature would be difficult without the actions of the ______ _____.
Eccrine Glands
Which of the following is not a function of the skin?
a. Excretion
b. Sensation
c. Breathing
d. Regulation of body temperature
c. Breathing
Freely moveable joints are also called _______.
Diarthroses
Which of the following is not a function of the muscular system?
a. Skeletal Movement
b. Posture
c. Heat Generation
d. Body cooling thru evaporation
d. Body cooling thru evaporation
A major component of the intercellular material of bone is the protein ______.
Collagen
The brain and the spinal cord make up the ________ nervous system.
Central
A group of nerve fibers located within the central nervous system is called what?
Tract
The chemical that transmits the signal across the neuro muscular junction is called ____________.
Acetylcholine or ACH
Nerve impulse conduction is faster in axons coated with ________.
Myelin
The scientific name for a nerve cell is _______.
Neuron
A sudden electrical change in the neuronal membrane that is transmitted along an axon is called _____ ______.
Action Potential
A rapid, simple automatic response that involves few neurons is a _______.
Reflex or Reflex Arch
An increase in heart rate would be mediated by what branch of the autonomic nervous system?
Sympathetic
Paralysis of both arms is called what?
Diplegia
A reflex that does not pass through the brain is termed what?
Spinal Reflex
Which of the following is not in the central nervous system?
a. Interneuron
b. White matter
c. Terminal ganglion
d. Tract
c.Terminal Ganglion
Fibers that conduct impulses away from the cell body are ______.
Axons
Before the start of the action potential the neuron membrane is _____ _____.
At rest
The central canal of the spinal cord contains ______ ______ ______.
Cerebral spinal fluid
Neurons that conduct impulses to the spinal cord and brain are called ____ ____.
Afferent neurons
The division of the nervous system that exclusively controls skeletal muscles is the _____ _____ _____.
Somatic nervous system
The correct order of impulse conduction thru a reflex arc is what?
Receptor - Sensory neuron - Inter neuron - Motor neuron - Effector
The knee jerk reflex is a:
a, Simple reflex
b. Spinal reflex
c. Stretch reflex
d. All of the above
c.Stretch reflex
Motor impulses travel through the spinal cord in the ________ ________.
Descending tracts
Which of the following is not an action of the sympathetic nervous system?
a. Increase in blood pressure
b. Dilation of pupils
c. Stimulation of the adrenal glands
d. Stimulation of skeletal muscles
d. Stimulation of skeletal muscles
Nearly all sensory impulses travel through the area of the diencephalons called the what?
Thalamus
An elevation on the surface of the brain is called _________.
Gyrus or Gyri
A shallow grove on the surface of the brain is called what?
Sulcus or Sulci
The three layers of connective tissue enclosing the brain and spinal cord are called?
Meninges
The midbrain pons and medulla oblongata make up the ______ ______.
Brain Stem
The fluid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord is called what?
Cerebral Spinal Fluid
Impulses from the ear travels to what lobe?
Temporal Lobe
The primary sensory area is found in what lobe?
Parietal
Mr. J. exhibits the symptoms of meningitis. A positive diagnosis requires the extraction of cerebral fluid by a procedure called ______ ______.
Lumbar Puncture
The maintenance of muscle tone and the coordination of signals from the motor cortex is the responsibility of what?
Cerebellum
A deep grove in the brain is called what?
Fissure
Vital centers that regulate respiration in the heart are located in the _____ _____.
Medulla Oblongata
The visual area of the cortex is in the ______ ______.
Occipital Lobe
The craninal nerve concerned with the sense of smell is ______ ______.
Olfactory Nerve
Multi-infarct dementia results from what?
Series of small cerebral vascular accidents.
Autonomic nervous system and the pituitary gland are controlled by ______.
Hypothalamus
Which of the following is not a method for studying the brain?
a. MRI
b. PED
c. EEG
d. RAS
PED
The mid brain and the medulla oblongata are connected by what?
Pons
Which of the following symptoms is suggested of Alzheimer?
Intellectual Impairment
Glaucoma is associated with excess eye fluid. The excess fluid exerts pressure on the nerve receiving visual input from the eye known as the _____ ______.
Optic Nerve
An irregularity in the curvature of the lens or cornea results in a condition called _____.
Astigmatism
The muscle that regulates the size of the pupil is the _______.
Iris
The fluid that fills the space anterior to the lens is the ______ ______.
Aqueous Humor
The three small bones of the middle ear are collectively called ________.
Ossicles
The middle ear cavity and pharynx are connected by a channel called ______ ______.
Eustachian Tube
The bending of light rays as they pass through the eye is called _______.
Refraction
The coiled portion of the inner ear that contains the organ for hearing is the ________.
Cochlea
Receptors in muscles, tendons and joints that help judge the position of the body are called __________.
Proprioceptors
A receptor may gradually stop responding to a continues mild stimulus. This process is called what?
Sensory Adaption
Naturally occurring pain killers that can be released in response to the massage and acupressure are called ________.
Endorphins
Which of the following is a special sense?
a. Proprioception
b. Pressure
c. Taste
d. Touch
c. Taste
Which of the following is a general sense?
a. Hearing
b. Equilibrium
c. Proprioception
d. Vision
c. Proprioception
Which area of the tongue is particularly sensitive to sweet taste?
The Tip
Where are tears produced?
Lacrimal Gland
What are the receptors for vision?
Rods and Cones
What is the scientific name for the ear drum?
Tympanic Membrane
The middle pigmented layer of the eye is called _______.
Choroid
The receptors for static equilibrium are located in the _______.
Vestibule
A professor has asked you if you want to write a 50 page essay. You respond by shaking your head "no". This motion will be sensed by what?
Cristae
The receptors for pain are called what?
Free Nerve Endings
The large gland located on either side of the larynx is called ______ ______.
Thyroid Gland
Hormones attach to plasma membrane proteins called what?
Receptors
The hormone secreted for the thymus that promotes t-cell growth is ______.
Thymosin
The disorder resulting from excess growth hormone in an adult is ______.
Acromegaly
The hormone that can be used to induce labor is called _______.
Oxytocin
What are the building blocks of protein hormones?
Amino Acids
The most important male sex hormone is __________.
Testosterone
The hormone secreted by the pancreatic islets that raises blood sugar is called ________.
Glucagon
The disease that results from the lack of insulin is called _______ ______.
Diabetes Mellitus
A portal system links the hypothalamus to what?
Anterior Pituitary
Enlargement of the thyroid gland is called what?
Goiter
Which of the following is produced, not just stored in the posterior pituitary?
None of the above
The stalk connecting the hypothalamus and pituitary gland is called the what?
Infundibulum
Diabetes insipidus results from a lack of what?
Anti-diuretic hormone
Oral contraceptives contain what?
Estrogen and progesterone
The suffix "-poiesis" means ________.
Forming
Which hormone opposes the effects of parathyroid hormone?
Calcitonin
Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone secretions are regulated by negative feedback. Increased blood calcium levels result in what?
Increased calcitonin and decreased parathyroid hormone
Local hormones produced by most body tissues are ________.
Prostaglandins