Civil War Test Review

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Terms in this set (...)

Abraham Lincoln
Sixteenth President of the United States, 1861-1865; known for his effective leadership during the Civil War and his Emancipation Proclamation declaring the end of slavery in Confederate-held territory
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America; ordered attack on Fort Sumter, the first battle of the Civil War
"The Anaconda Plan"
the Union's Plan for the civil war. They planned to first, blockade all of the Southern ports, then to take all port cities on the Mississippi. They did succeed and their plan lead to them winning the Civil War.
The Monitor & the Merrimack (Impact on Naval Warfare)
Merrimack - Confederate ironclad (*1st ironclad battle ship*)
Monitor -Union ironclad
Changed naval warfare
Robert E. Lee
Brilliant general of Confederate forces during the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
Eighteenth President of the United States, 1869-1877; commander of Union forces who accepted Lee's surrender in 1865
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union general in the Civil War; known for his destructive march from Atlanta to Savannah in 1864
David Farragut
He was an Admiral in the Union's Navy, secured Mobile Bay and virtually sealed the Gulf Coast of the Confederacy from international commerce and aid.
Appomattox Courthouse
a town located in Virginia. The place where General Robert E. Lee surrendered to the North.
John Wilkes Booth
Assassinated Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865. He was a actor and assassinated him while he was watching a play in his theatre.
Clara Barton
Volunteer known as the "angel of the battlefield" during the Civil War; founded the American Red Cross
Battle of Gettysburg
the battle with the most lives lost; Was a huge loss for the South not only did they lose a large portion of their ment, but they didn't get the victory on Northern soil that they hoped for.
Gettysburg Address
One the most famous speeches given in American History. Abraham Lincoln addressed the fallen soldiers of the Battle of Gettysburg in this speech.
"March to the Sea"
Union General Sherman goes on march in South destroying Southern homes, towns, farms, railroads, etc. Sherman's march to Atlanta and then to the sea. (Total War)
Habeas Corpus
This means "the body of the law" and this clause of the Constitution guarantees Americans due process in the eyes of the law (the right to a fair and speedy trial). This Constitutional right was suspended as an emergency wartime measure by Abraham Lincoln.
"Total War"
When a side of the war totally destroys everything in their path while winning battles. This causes starvation and famine.
The Emancipation Proclamation
Issued on January 1, 1863. This was thought as a strategy to end the war by Lincoln. Although it was issued for the South and it didn't end slavery, it created morale for Northern soldiers.
The Thirteenth Amendment
Constitutional Amendment, ratified in 1865, abolishing slavery
War of Attrition
a military strategy in which a one side attempts to win a war by wearing down its enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and material.
Battle of Gettysburg
Fought July 1-3 1863
The greatest battle ever fought in North America, a three-day Battle
General Lee had lost more than a third of his army and on July 4th, 1863, he begins his retreat back to Virginia.
Turning Point in the War!!!
January 1, 1863
When was the Emancipation Proclamation issued?
July 1-3, 1863
When was the Battle of Gettysburg fought?
Battle of Chancellorsville
begins on May 1, 1863 when the Union troops suddenly see Confederate forces in front of them. The battle ends on May 3rd with a Confederate win.
Was considered Lee's most brilliant victory, but also his most costly one. The battle which Stonewall Jackson was killed.
May 1-3, 1863
When was the Battle of Chancellorsville fought?
Battle of Shiloh
Major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. April 6 - 7, 1862 in southwestern Tennessee. Union army under Maj. Gen.Ulysses S. Grant had moved via to Tennessee River and was encamped principally at Pittsburg Landing on the west bank of the river. Confederate forces under Generals Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard launched a surprise attack on Grant there. The Confederates achieved considerable success on the first day, but were ultimately defeated on the second day.
April 6-7, 1862
When was the battle of shiloh fought?
First Battle of Bull Run
First major land battle of the American Civil War
Confederate Victory = Union retreated back to D.C.
"Stonewall" Jackson led the rebels
Bloodiest Battle in U.S. History to that time
Their slow pace allowed Beauregard (Confederacy) to have 11,000 additional troops transported by train (a first for history
July 21, 1861
When was the First Battle of Bull Run fought?
Battle of Antietam
September 17, 1862; The bloodiest single day in the war; (The Cigar Story)
September 17, 1862
When was the Battle of Antietam fought?
Battle of Vicksburg
May 18- July 4 1863; 30,000 confederates laid down their weapons to the union. After this battle the Union had fully taken over the MS river.
May 18-July 4, 1863
When was the battle of vicksburg fought?
Battle of Richmond
fought August 29-30, 1862, was a stunning Confederate victory by Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith against Union Maj. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson's forces, defending the town. It was the first major battle in the Kentucky Campaign. The battle took place on and around what is now the grounds of the Blue Grass Army Depot, outside Richmond, Kentucky.
August 29-30, 1862
When was the battle of richmond fought?
Merrimack
Confederate ironclad (1st ironclad)
Monitor
Union ironclad