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The Eyes of Nye- Antibiotics video
Terms in this set (18)
How many people died of the black plague?
What was believed to protect people from the disease?
The hat & beak
How has the rate of death due to infectious disease changed in the last 100 years? What is the primary reason for this change?
Decreased because germ awareness; water purification
Which year had the most fatalities due to infectious disease?
1918- The Spanish Flu
What was the first mass-produced antibiotic drug?
Penicillin. Discovered in 1923, mass produced in 1942
Why has the rate of death due to infectious disease started to increase again?
bacterial antibiotic resistance
What does an antibiotic do exactly?
targets a specific part of a bacteria cell to kill it
What happens if a bacteria exposed to antibiotics mutates?
the bacteria will survive and replicate
Why are there so many resistant bacteria found in hospitals
-many people; surgery
Antibiotics do not work against __________.
How many pounds of antibiotics are used in the U.S. each year?
35 million lbs
(50 million prescriptions/year)
What percent of the antibiotics used are fed to animals?
What is the effect of giving animals antibiotics?
Makes them grow faster
Do the antibiotics end up in the meat?
Where else do the antibiotics end up?
Waste-->dust, soil, air; people from consumption
How many adults actually wash their hands after using public restrooms?
6 in 10 people
What should people do to minimize the effects of antibiotics resistance?
-reduce our antibiotic use
-stop using antibiotic soaps
-stop consuming meat with antibiotics
What is bacteriocin?
bacteria that puts off a toxin to kill other bacteria
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