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Final Exam Review - ELA 8 Blue
Terms in this set (50)
A reference in literature, or in visual or performing arts, to a familiar person, place, thing, or event.
The dictionary definition of a word
A comparison of two UNLIKE things without using like or as
A comparison of two unlike things using like or as
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true.
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
Repetition of consonant sounds
Ex: The boy went to the mall, his sister stayed home. (incorrectly combines two sentences with just a comma, forgetting the FANBOYS)
Comma + FANBOYS construction
Ex: The boy went to the mall, and his sister stayed home. (correctly combines two sentences with a comma and a FANBOYS--for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
Ex: The boy went to the mall; his sister stayed home. (combines two sentences with a semi-colon)
Semi-colon + connector construction
Ex: The boy went to the mall; however, his sister stayed home. (combines two sentences with a semi-colon, connecting word, and comma)
however, therefore, additionally, also, on the contrary, essentially
Tim's car, Angela's bike, students' rights, child's t-shirt
Correct way to indicate a title is of a book, movie, or newspaper
Italics or Underlining
Correct way to indicate a title of a short story, article, or song title
There, their, they're
there: the place (contains the word 'here')
their: people owning something (contains the word 'heir' in it)
they're: apostrophe replaces the missing 'a' of they are
here: the place (part of the word 'there')
hear: with your EAR
To, Too, Two
too: 2 o's mean also
two: the number
you're: apostrophe takes the place of the letter 'a'
your: ownership (contains the word 'our')
Commas with introductory phrases
When I was three,
The other day,
Commas with items in a series (list)
She bought apples, bananas, and coffee at the store.
Commas with addresses
Commas with appositives (renames the noun)
Mrs Chandler, my ELA teacher, is in room 255.
My ELA teacher, Mrs. Chandler, is in room 255.
Background information presented in a literary work.
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
A series of difficulties forming the central action in a narrative
A struggle between two opposing forces
man vs. man
man vs. self
man vs. nature
man vs. technology
man vs society
A story that is not true or is made up
A true story
A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
the message the author wishes to convey to the reader
1st person POV
One of the characters is telling the story; uses pronouns I, my, we, us
3rd person limited POV
When the narrator is an outsider describing the actions of all characters, but sees into the mind of only one (or no) character.
3rd person omniscient POV
A method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story.
An author's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story
A scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present.
It refers to the time and place which the events of a story take place.
A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits.
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
Possible themes for The Giver (be prepared to write a 5 paragraph essay about a theme from the novel based on a quote that will be given to you)
When people choose, they choose wrong (but that's a good thing)
People who don't have choice are enslaved.
Choices bring pain and suffering, but they also bring great joy
Love is worth fighting for.
Heroes are amongst us, and they just overcome problems and persevere.
Possible themes for The Outsiders (be prepared to write a 5 paragraph essay about a theme from the novel based on a quote that will be given to you)
Your friends are the family you choose for yourselves.
Money makes the world go around.
Heroes can emerge from the most difficult circumstances.
With great freedom comes great responsibility.
5 paragraph essay structure
Introduction: must include the author, the title, and the theme that you will be writing about, based on the quote. A brief synopsis of the book should be included. Your thesis statement (claim) must be the last sentence of the 1st paragraph.
Body #1, Body #2, Body #3 --> must address the prompt specifically, and with as many details as possible
Conclusion--the 1st sentence should reiterate your thesis statement. Don't introduce any new ideas, but solidify for the reader the important points of your argument.
*You will be allowed one 4x6 notecard, front and back with notes about each book. You may choose important quotes, details, etc. Page numbers are not required for this task.