How did WWII set the stage for the Civil RIghts Movement?
African Americans fought bravely for their country, worked in war industry jobs and successfully lobbied FDR to integrate defense jobs.
What case overturned The Plessy decesion?
Brown v. Board of Education in Topeka. After Marshall won this case, segregation was declared unconstitutional.
What was the significance of the Brown II ruling in 1955?
The ruling ordered te speeding up of desegregation in schools.
What were the goals of the Civil RIghts Movement?
The goals were desegregation and the securin gof voting rights.
Who were The Little Rock 9?
They were 9 African American students who desegregated Central High School in Little Rock.
Define. Civil Rights Act of 1957
This Aact allowed the federal government to have jurisdiction over violations of segregation and voting rights.
How long did the Montgomery Bus Boycott last? Was it successful?
The boycott lasted a little over a year. The boycott was very successful - The Supreme Court ruled segregation on buses unconstitutional.
What was the significance of The Montgomery Bus Boycott?
It showed the world that African Americans could unite.
Identify. Emmit Till
He was the young boy that was lynched for whistling at a white woman in a store.
What were freedom riders?
They were black and white college students who were testing segregation in the South.
What was the result of James Meredith enrolling in Ole Miss?
There were riots all over campus and Meredith was eventually shot.
How did the police, led by Bull Connor, deal with protesters in Birmingham when MLK went down for a protest?
They were violent and threw the protestors in jail.
What happened 2 weeks after MLK gave his speech?
4 young girls were killed when their church in Birmingham was firebombed.
What were the key provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
Segregation of any kind was banned, no discrimination based on race, gender, religion etc.
What were the provisions of The Voting Rights Act of 1965?
No literacy tests could be given and voting rights would be enforced by the federal government.
What type of segregation was occuring in the North?
de facto - this meant that segregation was not a law but it just happened. example) the cafeteria.
What were some of the goals of this group?
Took care of social needs, watch police and protect black rights.
Where was MLK when he was assassinated and why?
He was in Memphis to help out with a city worker's strike. More specifically he was in The Lorraine Hotel on the second floor.
What were the reactions to MLK's death?
This event led to the worst rioting in US history, 100 cities exploded in flames.
What was the Kerner Commission?
Johnson appointed them to study the cause of urban violence - they said it was white racism.
What was Betty Friedans book, The Feminine Mystique about?
It was about how women were not happy with their status in society.
Ironically, where were women discriminated in the 60's?
The Civil Rights Movement and The Anti-War Movement
What were some of the goals of NOW?
Their goals were equal pay for equal work, more education opportunities, and more childcare facilities.
What did Gloria Steinnem do?
Started a liberal group that encourage women to run for political office.
What did New York Radical Women do?
They dressed a sheep up as Miss America - demonstrated at the Miss America Pageant
A movement made up of mostly white middle-class college youths who had grown disillusioned with the war in Vietnam and injustices in America in the 1960's
After a few years, the countercultures peace and harmony gave way to violence and disillusionment. How?
STD's, unwanted pregnancy, drug overdoes leading to death