Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level F - combined 11-15

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level F - Unit 15
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Terms in this set (...)

Adamant
(adj.) Firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding, obdurate, implacable, inflexible
(n.) An extremely hard substance (Purpose, Opinion, Hard)
Brouhaha
(n.) A confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified
Bulwark
(n.) A strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense
(v.) To provide such defense or protection
Choleric
(adj.) Easily made angry, bad-tempered
Cloy
(v.) To spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweet or rich things; to glut, satiate, surfeit
Curtail
(v.) To cut short, bring to a halt or end sooner than expected; to reduce
Deference
(n.) Courteous yielding to the wishes and ideas of another person; great respect marked by submission, as to a superior (Respectful, Courteous)
Definitive
(adj.) Conclusive, final, representing the limit of what can be done (Final, Limit)
Demeanor
(n.) The way a person behaves, overall impression made by comportment, manner, etc.; facial appearance, mien (Behaves, Impression)
Egnimatic
(adj.) Puzzling, perplexing, inexplicable, not easily understood (Puzzle, Perplexing, Not understood)
Impromptu
(adj., adv.) Without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done

(n.) An extemporaneous composition or remark;

a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation (No preparation, extemporaneous, minimal)
Mawkish
(adj.) Excessively and objectionably sentimental;

having a mildly sickening flavor (Sentimental, sickening flavor)
Mollify
(v.) To soften, make gentle, pacify; to calm, allay (as an emotion), assuage, appease, placate;

to reduce in intensity (soft, gentle, calm, reduce intensity)
Onus
(n.) Something that is heavy or burdensome (especially an unwelcome responsibility);

a stigma; blame (heavy, burden, stigma, blame)
Presentiment
(n.) A vague sense of approaching misfortune
Profligate
(adj.) Given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral; recklessly extravagant

(n.) A person given to self-indulgent and wild spending. (Self-indulgence, immoral, extravagant)
Remit
(v.) To send or hand in (as money); to cancel (as a penalty or punishment), forgive, pardon; to lessen, diminish;

to put off, postpone, defer (Send, hand, cancel, put off)
Requisite
(adj.) Needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable
(Need, essential)
Sartorial
(adj.) Of or pertaining to a tailor or his work; having to do with clothes or dress (especially men's) (Tailor, work, cloths)
Thwart
(v.) To oppose successfully; to prevent, frustrate (oppose, prevent)
amenable
adj. willing to follow advice or authority, tractable, submissive, responsive; liable to be held responsible
berate
v. to scold sharply
carnage
n. large scale slaughter or loss of life
credulous
adj. too ready to believe, easily deceived
criterion
n. a rule, test; a standard for judgment or evaluation
deplete
v. to use up as a result of spending or consumption; to diminish greatly
expatiate
v. to expand on, to write or talk at length or in detail; to move about freely
extraneous
adj. coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant
inception
n. the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc.
infirmity
n. a weakness or ailment (physical, mental, moral, etc.)
jejune
adj. lacking in nutritive value; lacking in interest or substance, immature, juvenile
obdurate
adj. stubborn, unyielding
potpourri
n. a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items; a general mixture, petals mixed with spices or scent
precocious
adj. showing unusually early development (especially in talents and mental capacity)
sadistic
adj. delighting in cruelty, excessively cruel
sententious
adj. self-righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words, pithy
supplicate
v. to beg earnestly and humbly
surfeit
n. an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking, causing disgust; v. to feed or supply with anything to excess
tortuous
adj. winding, twisted, crooked, highly involved, complex; devious
turgid
(adj) swollen, bloated, filled to excess; over decorated or excessive language
Abet
(v.) to encourage, assist, aid support (especially in something wrong or unworthy)

Antonyms: hamper, hinder, impede, frustrate
Aver
(v.) to affirm, declare confidently

Synonyms: assert, asseverate, avouch
Antonyms: deny, repudiate, disclaim
Blatant
(adj.) noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense

Synonyms: flagrant, glaring, egregious, disagreeably loud
Antonyms: inconsequential, trifling, piddling, petty
Broach
(v.) to bring up or begin to talk about (a subject); to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to turn sideways to the wind and waves; to pierce (a keg or cask) in order to draw off liquid
(n.) a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks.
Buttress
(v.) to support, prop up, strengthen
(n.) a supporting structure

Synonyms: (v.) bolster, reinforce, brace, shore up
Antonyms: (v.) undermine, weaken, impair
Carousal
(n.) noisy revelry or merrymaking (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking)

Synonyms: binge, jamboree
Collate
(v.) to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc.; to arrange in order for some specific purpose.

Synonyms: sort out, cross-check
Connoisseur
(n.) an expert; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments, especially in one of the fine arts

Synonyms: savant, pundit
Antonyms: ignoramus, philistine
Disconsolate
(adj.) deeply unhappy or dejected; without hope, beyond consolation

Synonyms: grief-stricken, inconsolable
Antonyms: cheerful, blithe, buoyant, jaunty
Encumber
(v.) to weight down or burden (with difficulties, cares, debt, etc.); to fill up, block up, hinder

Synonyms: overload, clog
Antonyms: unburden, unload, relieve
Foment
(v.) to promote trouble or rebellion; to apply warm liquids to, warm

Synonyms: instigate, incite, stir up
Antonyms: quell, quash, squelch, suppress
Grisly
(adj.) frightful, horrible, ghastly

Synonyms: gruesome, gory
Antonyms: pleasant, delightful
Herculean
(adj.) (capital H) relating to Hercules; (lowercase h) characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of requiring unusual strength

Synonyms: mighty, powerful, arduous, onerous
Antonyms: puny, Lilliputian, bantam
Impassive
(adj.) showing no feeling or emotion; inanimate, motionless

Synonyms: emotionless, stoical, insensible
Antonyms: emotional, passionate, excitable
Inauspicious
(adj.) unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future

Synonyms: unpropitious, unpromising, untimely
Antonyms: propitious, favorable
Incontrovertible
(adj.) unquestionable, beyond dispute

Synonyms: incontestable, indisputable, indubitable
Antonyms: debatable, dubious, open to question
nonplussed
(adj., part.) puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss

Synonyms: perplexed, stumped, flabbergasted
Antonyms: poised, confident, assured
opportune
(adj.) suitable or convenient for a particular purpose; occurring at an appropriate time.

Synonyms: timely, appropriate, felicitous
Antonyms: untimely, inconvenient, inappropriate
Prolific
(adj.) abundantly productive; abundant, profuse

Synonyms: fruitful, fecund, proliferous
Antonyms: barren, unproductive, sterile, sparse
Rejoinder
(n.) a reply to a reply, especially from the defendant in a legal suit

Synonyms: reply, response, riposte, retort
absolve (Verb)
To clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt.
(SYN: acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse, pardon)
(ANT: condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate)
caricature (Noun) (Verb)
[Noun] a representation, such as a drawing, that exaggerates a subject's characteristic features; [Verb] to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way.
(SYN: cartoon, burlesque, lampoon)
clangor (Noun) (Verb)
[Noun] a loud ringing sound; [Verb] to make a loud ringing noise.
(SYN: din, uproar, clamor)
(ANT: silence, stillness, peace and quiet)
contiguous (Adjective)
Side by side; touching; near; adjacent in time.
(SYN: abutting, next door to)
(ANT: detached, apart, distant, remote)
cupidity (Noun)
An eager desire for something; greed.
(SYN: avarice, rapacity, craving, lust)
(ANT: contentment, satiety, gratification)
deleterious (Adjective)
Harmful, dangerous.
(SYN: detrimental, destructive, pernicious, damaging)
(ANT: helpful, beneficial, harmless, innocuous)
enhance (Verb)
To raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of.
(SYN: improve, elevate)
(ANT: diminish, degrade)
enthrall (Verb)
To captivate, charm, hold spellbound; to enslave; to imprison.
(SYN: fascinate, attract)
(ANT: bore to tears, repel)
extenuate (Verb)
To lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses.
(SYN: moderate, mitigate, diminish, downplay)
(ANT: intensify, magnified, worsen, exacerbate)
implicit (Adjective)
Implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservation, unquestioning, potentially contained in.
(SYN: inferred, tacit, unspoken, unconditional)
(ANT: explicit, expressed, stated, revealed)
incisive (Adjective)
Sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
(SYN: acute, cutting, perceptive)
inimical (Adjective)
Tending to cause harm or obstruct developments; being oppositional or adverse.
(SYN: unfriendly, hostile, antagonistic, contrary)
(ANT: friendly, hospitable, kind)
ostentatious (Adjective)
Marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy.
(SYN: flashy, overdone, affected, flamboyant)
(ANT: modest, plain, simple, demure, retiring)
paragon (Noun)
A model of excellence or perfection.
(SYN: ideal, paradigm, model, good example)
politic (Adjective)
Prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient.
(SYN: tactful, diplomatic, judicious, circumspect)
(ANT: unwise, injudicious, imprudent, rash)
prosaic (Adjective)
Dull, lacking in distinction and originality; matter-of-fact, straightforward; characteristic of prose, not poetic.
(SYN: literal, pedestrian)
(ANT: remarkable, poetic)
redundant (Adjective)
Extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive; profuse, lush.
(SYN: unnecessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix)
(ANT: terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate)
sanctimonious (Adjective)
Making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting, holier-than-thou.
(SYN: heartfelt, sincere, humble)
scintillating (Adjective, part.)
Sparking, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities.)
(SYN: stimulating, glittering)
(ANT: dull, boring, insipid)
winsome (Adjective)
Charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence.)
(SYN: winning, delightful, prepossessing)
(ANT: unattractive, unappealing, repulsive)
abstemious
(adj.) moderate, sparing (as in eating and drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-discipline

SYNONYMS: temperate, sober, moderate
ANTONYMS: indulgent, immoderate, intemperate
censurable
(adj.) deserving of blame or correction

SYNONYMS:blameworthy, discreditable, reprehensible
ANTONYMS: commendable, laudable, meritorious
contingent
(adj.) likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions; happening by chance; (n.) a representative group forming part of a larger body

SYNONYMS: (adj.) conditional, dependent; (n.) a detachment
ANTONYMS: (adj.) independent of, unconnected with, certain
corroborate
(v.) to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substantiate, verify

ANTONYMS: (adj.) refute, contradict, undermine, discredit
denizen
(n.) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place

SYNONYMS: resident, dweller, habitue
ANTONYMS: alien, outsider, stranger, foreigner
discursive
(adj.) passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic

SYNONYMS: digressive, diffuse, wandering, episodic
ANTONYMS: short and to the point, succinct
disseminate
(v.) to scatter or spread widely

SYNONYMS: disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate
ANTONYMS: bring together, concentrate, muster, conceal, hide
dowdy
(adj.) poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste

SYNONYMS: frumpy, tacky, frowsy, drab
ANTONYMS: chic, stylish, elegant, fashionable
florid
(adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy

SYNONYMS: flushed, ruddy, flowery, frilly, flamboyant
ANTONYMS: pale, ashen, pallid, sallow, austere, stark
foist
(v.) to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion

SYNONYMS: pass off, palm off, fob off
gauche
(adj.) awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy

SYNONYMS: inept, uncouth, maladroit
ANTONYMS: adroit, tactful, diplomatic, politic
heresy
(n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred

SYNONYMS: unorthodox, belief, heterodoxy
ANTONYMS: orthodoxy
inculcate
(v.) to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly

SYNONYMS: instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue
ANTONYMS: efface, extirpate, root out
palpable
(adj.) capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized

SYNONYMS: tangible, plain, obvious, manifest
ANTONYMS: intangible, insubstantial, incorporeal
perceptive
(adj.) having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation

SYNONYMS: insightful, discerning, observant
ANTONYMS: dense, thick, obtuse, dim-witted
pernicious
(adj.) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal

SYNONYMS: injurious, deleterious, baleful, noxious
ANTONYMS: harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious
salient
(adj.) leaping, jumping, or springing forth; prominent, standing out, conspicuous; (n.) a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward

SYNONYMS: (adj.) striking, notable, protrusive, obvious
ANTONYMS: (adj.) inconspicuous, recessive
satiate
(v.) to satisfy completely; to fill to excess; (adj.) full, satisfied

SYNONYMS: (v.) gratify, cloy, surfeit, gorge
ANTONYMS: (v.) starve, deprive entirely of
sear
(v.) to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeeling; to patch, dessicate, singe
specious
(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit

SYNONYMS: deceptively plausible, sophistic, casuistic
ANTONYMS: valid, sound, solid, genuine