acronyms/abbreviations

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AAA
abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAL
anterior axillary line
AB
abortion
Ab
antibody
ABC
airway, breathing, circulation
Abd
abdomen; abdominal
ABG
arterial blood gas
abn
abnormal
ABx
antibiotics
ac
ante cibim (before meals), antecubital, acromioclavicular
ACC
ambulatory care center
ACLS
advanced cardiac life support
ACT
anticoagulant therapy
AD
alzheimer disease
ADD
attention deficit disorder
ADHD
attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity
ADL
activity of daily living
Adm
admission
ADR
adverse drug reaction
AED
automatic external defibrillator
AF
atrial fibrillation
Afib
atrial fibrillation
AGE
acute gastroenteritis
AICD
automated implanted cardioverter-defibrillator
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AKA
above knee amputation
A/L
amylase/lipase
alb
albumin
ALF
assisted living facility
ALL
acute lymphocytic leukemia
alk phos
alkaline phosphatase
AMA
against medical advice
amb
ambulatory, ambulate
AMI
acute myocardial infarction
A/P
assessment/plan, abdomen/pelvis
AP
anteroposterior
APP
appendectomy
A&O x3
alert and oriented to person, place and time
A&O x4
alert and oriented to person, place, time and event
ARF
acute renal failure
AROM
active range of motion
ASA
aspirin
ASD
atrial septal defect, autistic spectrum disorder
AVR
aortic valve replacement
BAL
blood alcohol level
BCP
birth control pills
BE
barium enema
B-hCG
beta human chorionic gonadotropin
BIBA
brought in by ambulance
BID
bid in die (twice a day)
BiPAP
bi-level positive airway pressure
BKA
below knee amputation
BLE
bilateral lower extremities
BLS
basic life support
bm
bowel movement
BOM
bilateral otitis media
BP
blood pressure
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
BRAT
bananas, rice, apples, toast (diet)
BRBPR
bright red blood per rectum
BS
blood sugar; bowel sounds, breath sounds
BSA
body surface area
BSO
bilateral salpingo oophorectomy
BTL
bilateral tubal ligation
BUE
bilateral upper extremities
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
BV
bacterial vaginosis
BVM
bag-valve-mask
bx
biopsy
c(with a line over it)
with
C [degrees]
centigrade
C&S
culture & sensitivity
C/C/E
clubbing/cyanosis/edema
C/D/I
clean/dry/intact
[up arrow] CHOL
hypercholesterolemia
c/o
complains of
C/S
Cesarian section
c/w
consistent with
C1, C2...C7
cervical vertebrae
CA
cancer
Ca
Calcium
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
CAP
community acquired pneumonia
CBC
complete blood count
CBD
common bile duct
cc
cubic centimeter
CC
chief complaint
C-collar
cervical collar
CCU
coronary/cardiac care unit
CEA
carotid endarterectomy
CF
cystic fibrosis
CHB
complete heart block
CHD
congenital heart disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
CHOL
cholesterol
CMT
cervical motion tenderness
CNS
central nervous system
CN's
cranial nerves
CO
carbon monoxide
CO2
carbon dioxide
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP
chest pain, cerebral palsy
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
CPK
creatine phosphokinase
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
creat
creatinine
CRF
chronic renal failure
CRI
chronic renal insufficiency
CRP
C-reactive protein
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
C-spine
cervical spine
ct
cardiothoracic
CT
Computerized Tomography
CTA
clear to auscultation, CT angio
CTAB
Clear to ausculataion bilaterally
CV
cardiovascular
CVA
cerebrobascular accident, costovertebral angle
CVAT
costovertebral angle tenderness
CVD
cardiovascular disease
CXR
chest x-ray
D
diarrhea
D&C
dilation & curettage (of the uterine lining)
D&E
dilation and extraction
D.C
discharge (home)
d/c
discharge (pus/fluid)
dc
discontinue
def
deficiency
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
Dig
Digitalis (cardiac medication for Afib)
DIP
distal interphalangeal (joint)
DJD
degenerative joint disease
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
DM
diabetes mellitus
DMM
dry mucous membranes
DNR
do not resuscitate
DOA
dead on arrival
DOB
date of birth
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DP
dorsal pedis (pulse in foot)
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus (immunization)
DRE
digital rectal exam
DRG
diagnosis related group
DSB
drug seeking behavior
DSD
dry sterile dressing
DTR
deep tendon reflexes
DT's
delirium tremens
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
Dx
diagnosis
e/o
evidence of
EBV
Epstein-Barr virus
ECF
extended care facility
ECHO
echocardiogram
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
ED
Emergency Department
EDC
expected date of confinement
EEG
electroencephalogram
EENT
eye, ear, nose, and throat
EF
ejection fraction
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EIA
exercise induced asthma
EKG
electrocardiogram (same as ECG)
EMS
emergency medical services
EMT
emergency medical technician
EMTALA
emergency medical treatment and active labor act
ENT
ear, nose, and throat
EOMI
extraocular movements intact
Epi
epinephrine
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESLD
end-stage liver disease
ESLF
end-stage renal failure
EtOH
alcohol (ethanol)
ETT
endotracheal tube
ext
external
F
female
f
fever
f/c
fever/chills
FDA
food & drug administration
F/U
follow up
F [degrees]
Farenheit
FB
foreign body
FBS
fasting blood sugar
Fe
iron
FEV
forced expiratory volume
FFP
fresh frozen plasma
FHx
Family history
FHR
fetal heart rate
FHT
fetal heart tone
FiO2
fraction of inspired oxygen
FMHx
family medical history
FOOSH
fall on outstretched hands
FROM
full range of motion
FSBS
finger stick blood sugar
FSH
follicle stimulating hormone
FTP
full term pregnancy
FTSG
full thickness skin graft
FTT
failure to thrive
FUO
fever of unknown origin
Fx
fracture
G, P, M, A
gravida, para, miscarriages, abortions
GA
general anesthesia
GB
gall bladder
GBS
group B streptococcus
GCS
Glasgow coma scale
GE
gastroesophageal
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI
gastrointestinal
GLF
ground level fall
g, gm
gram
GU
genitourinary
GVHD
graft-versus-host-disease
GYN
gynecology
h.s.
at bedtime (hora somni)
H&H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
H&P
history and physical
h/o
history of
HA
headache
HBV
hepatitis B virus
HCO3
bicarbonate
HCTZ
hydrochlorothiazide
HCV
hepatitis C virus
HD
hemodialysis
HEENT
head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
HGB
hemoglobin
HI
homicidal ideation
HIDA
hepatic intraductal angiography
HIPAA
health insurance portability and accountability act
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
HOH
hard of hearing
HPI
history of presenting illness
HPV
human papillomavirus
HR
heart rate
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
HSP
henoch-schonlein purpura
HSV-1, HSV-2
herpes simle virus type 1, type 2
HTN
hypertension
HUS
hemolytic uremic syndrome
Hx
history
I&D
incision and drainage
I&O's
intake and output (measure of patient's fluids)
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
ICA
intermediate care area (step-down)
ICD
implantable cardiac defibrillator
ICF
intermediate care facility
ICH
intracerebral/intracranial hemorrhage
ICP
intracranial pressure
ICS
intercostal space
ICU
intensive care unit
ID
infectious disease or intradermal
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM
immunoglobulins (antibodies)
im
intramuscular
Imp
impression
imp
improvement
inr
international normalized ratio (coagulation lab value)
IO
intraosseous
IPPA
inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation
ITP
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IUD
intrauterine device
IUP
intrauterine pregnancy
IV
intraveneous
IVC
inferior vena cava
IVCD
intraventricular conduction delay
IVF
invitro fertilization
IVH
intraventricular hemorrhage
IVIG
intravenous immunoglobin
IVP
intravenous pyelogram; intravenous push (medication administration)
IVPB
intravenous piggyback
JVD
jugular venous distention
JVP
jugular venous pulse
K
potassium
KCl
potassium chloride
kg
kilogram
KUB
kidney, ureter and bladder (abdominal x-ray)
KVO
keep vein open (e.g. IV NS at KVO)
L
liter
L (circled)
Left
L&D
labor and delivery
L1, L2...L5
lumbar vertebrae
LAC
laceration
LAD
left axis deviation (EKG finding), lymphadenopathy
lap
laparotomy
lat
lateral
LBBB
left bundle branch block (EKG finding)
LBM
last bowel movement
LBP
low back pain
LDH
lactic dehydrogenase
LE
lower extremity, lupus erythematosus
LET
lidocaine, epinephrine, and tetracaine
LFT's
liver function tests
LGIB
lower gastrointestinal bleed
LHD
left hand dominant
LLE
left lower extremity, lupus erythematosus
LLL
left lower lobe (lung)
LLQ
left lower quadrant (abdomen)
LMP
last menstrual period
LNBM
last normal bowel movement
LNMP
last normal menstrual period
LOC
loss of consciousness
LOM
left otitis media
LP
lumbar puncture
Lpm
liters per minute
LS-Spine
lumbar spine
LTB
laryngotrachea bronchitis (croup)
LUE
left upper extremity
LUL
left upper lobe (lung)
LUQ
left upper quadrant (abdomen)
LVAD
left ventricular assist device
LVH
left ventricular hypertrophy (EKG finding)
LWBS
left without being seen
LWOT
left without treatment
lymph
lymphadenopathy
M
male
(m)
murmur
MAE
moves all extremities
MAOI
monoamine oxidase inhibitors
MCA
motorcycle accident, middle cerebral artery
mcg
microgram
MCL
midclavicular line
MCP
metacarpophalangeal (joint)
MDM
medical decision making
MDS
myelodysplastic syndrome
mec
meconium
mets
metastases
mEq/L
milliequivalent per liter
mg
milligram
MI
myocardial infarction
MICU
medical (mobile) intensive care unit
MIS
minimally invasive surgery/ (admitting service)
mL
milliliter
MMM
moist mucous membranes
MMR
measles, mumps, rubella (immunization)
MOM
milk of magnesia
MR
mental retardation
mr
mitral regurgitation
MRA
magnetic resonance angiography
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MS
multiple sclerosis
MSL
midsternal line
MSW
masters in social work
MTD
masimum tolerated dose
MTP
metatarsophalangeal (joint)
MVA
motor vehicle accident
MVC
motor vehicle collision (crash)
MBP
mitral valve prolapse
N
nausea
N/T/W
numbness/tingling/weakness
N/V/D
nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
Na
sodium
NAD
no acute distress, no acute disease
NB
newborn
NBNB
non-blood, non-bilious
neb
nebulizer
neuro
neurology
neuro sx
neurosurgery
NG
nasogastric tube
NICU
neonatal intensive care unit
NIDDM
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA
no known allergies
NI
normal
NOS
not otherwise specified
NP
nurse practitioner
NPO
nothing by mouth
NS
normal saline
NSAID
non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSD
normal spontaneous deliver
NSFTD
normal spontaneous full term delivery
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
NSTEMI
non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
NSVD
normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NTG
nitroglycerin
NTP
nitropaste/nitropatch
NV
neurovascular
NVD
normal vaginal delivery
NVI
neurovascularly intact
O&P
ova and parasite
O2
oxygen
O2 sat
oxygen saturation
OA
osteoarthritis
OB/GYN
obstetrics/gynecology
OBS
organic brain syndrome
obs
observation status
OCD
obsessive compulsive disorder
OD
overdose or right eye
OHT
orthotopic heart transplant
OLT
orthotopic liver transplant
OM
otitis media
OMFS
oral and maxillofacial surgery
O-P
oropharynx
OR
operating room
ORIF
open reduction internal fixation
os
mouth or cervical os
OS
left eye
OSA
obstructive sleep apnea
OT
occupational therapy
OTC
over the counter
OTW
otherwise
OU
both eyes
Oz
ounce
p(with a line over it)
after; following
P/W
presents with
PA
physician assistant, posteroanterior (back to front); pulmonary artery
PAC
premature atrial contraction (EKG finding)
PACU
postanesthesia care unit
PAD
pulmonary artery disease
palp
palpable; palpation (exam by touch)
Pap
papanicolaou (smear test)
PAfib
paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
pc
post civum (after meal)
PCA
patient-controlled analgesia
PCI
percutaneous coronary intervention
PCN
penicillin
PCOS
polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCP
phencyclidine (angel dust) or Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia or Primary care physician
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PE
pulmonary embolus
pe:
physical exam
PEEP
positive end expiratory pressure
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (tube)
PERRL
pupils equal, round and reactive to light
PERRLA
pupils equal round and reactive to light and accomodation
PFR
peak flow rate
PFT
pulmonary function test
PHCP
primary healthcare provider (=resident in Medhost)
PICC
peripherally inserted central catheter (venous)
PICU
pediatric intensive care unit
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP
proximal interphalangeal joint
Plt's
platelets
PMD
primary medical doctor
PMH
past medical history
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
PNA
pneumonia
PND
paraoxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
p/o, post-op
postoperative
po
by mouth
PO2
partial pressure of oxygen
PP
postpartum
PPD
purified protein derivative (skin test for tuberculosis)
PRBC
packed red blood cells
prn
as needed (pro re nata)
PROM
passive range of motion or premature rupture of membrane
PSS
progressive systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
pt
patient
PT
physical therapy; prothrombin time
PTA
prior to arrival/admission
pta
peritonsillar abscess
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTSD
post traumatic stress disorder
PTT
parital thromboplastin time
PTX
pneumothorax
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
PVC
premature ventricular contraction (EKG finding)
PVD
peripheral vascular disease
PXR
pelvis x-ray
QD
once a day
qh,q.h.
each hour
qid, q.i.d.
four times a day
qn, q.n.
each night
QNS
quantity not sufficient
R circled
right
R/O
rule out
RA
rheumatoid arthritis, room air
rad
right axis deviation (EKG finding)
RAD
reactive airway disease
RBBB
right bundle branch block (EKG finding)
RBC
red blood cells
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
REM
rapid eye movement
Rh +/-
rhesus (blood factor component)
RHD
rheumatic heart disease, right hand dominant
RICE
rest, ice, compression, elevation
RLE
right lower extremity
RLL
right lower lobe (lung)
RLQ
right lower quadranat (abdomen)
RML
right middle lobe (lung)
ROM
range of motion
ROS
review of systems
RR
respiratory rate
RRR
regular rate and rhythm
RSD
reflex sympathetic dystrophy
RSI
rapid sequence intubation
RSV
respiratory syncytial virus
RT
respiratory therapy
RUE
right upper extremity
RUL
right upper lobe (lung)
RUQ
right upper quadrant (abdomen)
RV
right ventricle (of the heart)
rvc
responds to verbal commands
RVH
right ventricular hypertrophy
Rx
prescription
rxn
reaction (allergic)
s(with a line over it)
without
s/p
status post
S1, S2, S3, S4
heart sounds, sacral vertebra (S1, S2)
SAB
spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
S-A node
sinoatrial node (pacemaker of the heart)
SaO2
oxygen saturation (of hemoglobin)
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
SARS
severe acute respiratory syndrome
SB
sinus bradycardia
SBO
small bowel obstruction
SBP
systolic blood pressure
SCC
sickle cell crisis
SCD
sickle cell disease
SCT
sickle cell trait
SFA
superficial femoral artery
SHx
social history
SI
suicidal ideation
SICU
surgical intensive care unit
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
SL
sublingual
SLE
systemic lupus erythematous
SLR
straight leg raise
SNF
skilled nursing facility
SOAP
subjective, objective, assessment, & plan
SOB
shortness of breath/dyspnea
SQ
subcutaneous or squamous
SSCP
substermal chest pain
SSRI
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitory
SSS
sick sinus syndrome
STAT
statim (at once; immediately)
STD
sexually transmitted disease
STEMI
ST elevation myocardial disease
SVC
superior vena cava
SVT
supraventricular tachycardia
Sx
symptom
SX
surgery
Sz
seizure
T&A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
T3, T4
thyroid hormones
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TB
tuberculosis
TBI
traumatic brain injury
TCA
tricyclic antidepressant
Td
tetanus diphtheria toxoid
Tdap
tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (immunization)
TFT
thyroid function test
THR
total hip replacement
TIA
transient ischemic attack
TID
three times per day
TKR
total knee replacement
TLC
triple lumen catheter
TM
tympanic membrane
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
TOA
tubo-ovarian abscess
top
topically
TPA
tissue plasminogen activator
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
TTN
transient tachypnea ofnewborn
TURP
transurethral resection of prostate
TV
tidal volume
Tx
treatment
TX
transplant
TXFR
transfer
U/O
urine output
U/S
ultrasound
UA
urinalysis
UE
upper extremity
UGI
upper gastrointestinal
UGIB
upper gastrointestinal bleed
umb
umbilical
URI
upper respiratory infection
UTD
up to date
UTI
urinary tract infection
Utz
ultrasound
V
vomiting
VA
visual acuity
vacc
vaccinations
VBG
venous blood gas
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram
VF/VFIB
ventricular fibrillation
VQ Scan
Vertillation/perfusion nuclear scan (lungs)
vs.
versus
VS
vital signs
VSD
ventricular septal defect
VSS
vital signs stable
VT/VTACH
ventricular tachycardia
w/
with
W/C
wheelchair
w/o
without
w/u
work-up, woke up
WBC
white blood count
WDWN
well developed, well nourished
WNL
within normal limits
WPW
wolfe Parkinson white syndrome
Wt./Wgt.
Weight
y/o
years old
Z-pack
azithromycin (Zithromax) antibiotic regimen
(delta)
change