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APHUG Ch. 10 Key Terms
Terms in this set (39)
Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food processing industry, usually though ownership by large cooperations.
Deliberate effort to modify the Earth through the cultivation of crops and raising of livestock of sustenance or economic gain.
A gross yielding grain for food.
Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing.
Machine that reaps, threshes, and cleans grain while moving over a field.
Agriculture undertaken primarily for sale off the farm.
Grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season.
Practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year to avoid exhausting the soil.
Degradation of land, usually in semi-arid places, because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.
Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
Seed of a cereal grass.
Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high yield seeds and fertilizers.
Growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Also known as Mediterranean farming.
The outer covering of a seed.
Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
The area surrounding a city from which milk in supplied.
Malay word for wet rice commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah.
Form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals.
Grass/other plants grown for feeding grazing animals as well as land used for grazing.
A large farm in a tropical climate that specializes in one or two crops for sale, usually to a MDC.
Prime Agricultural Land
Most productive farmland.
Form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area.
Machine that cuts grain standing in the field.
System of planting crops on ridge tops, in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation.
Flooded field fro growing rice.
Reproduction of plants through the planting of seeds.
Another name for shifting cultivation; fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and then burning it.
Form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another.
Wheat planted in the spring and harvested at fall.
Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for the farmer's family.
Farming methods that preserve long term productivity of land and minimize pollution typically by rotating soil-restoring crops with cash crops and reducing use of fertilizer and pesticides.
Patch of land cleared for farming through slash and burn.
To beat out grain from stalks by trampling it.
Seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Commercial gardening/fruit farming; truck was Middle English word meaning bartering.
Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from other plants.
Rice planted on dry land in a nursery then moved to a flooded field to promote growth.
To remove chaff by allowing to be blown away.
Wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer.
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