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CH 19 Vitamins, Minerals, and Nutritional Supplements (Pharmacology Book)
Terms in this set (64)
a water soluble vitamin that is essential for the formation of collagen and fibroid tissue for teeth, bone, cartilage, connective tissue, and skin; found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables.
inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements.
avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1).
a B vitamin that aids in body growth.
a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS.
a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets, Vitamin D, regulate calcium metabolism and calcification, growth, maintain heart function.
A mineral that is essential for bone growth, teeth development, blood coagulation, and many other functions.
any of a class of yellow to red pigments, including the carotenes and xanthophylls.
a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth.
involved in the maintenance of fluid and the body's acid base balance.
important for the synthesis of hemoglobin because it is part of a co-enzyme involved in its synthesis; also a component of several important enzymes in the body, and essential to good health.
severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia
chemical substances that develop an electric charge and are able to conduct an electric current when placed in water; ions
giving nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract
Chemical element that is used as a diagnostic aid in various tissue scans
a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction,B9
a substance that becomes part of a food product
Destruction of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin
an abnormal condition resulting from taking vitamins excessively
involved in the metabolism of protein,fats, and carbohydrates, aids in hemoglobin synthesis, is essential for normal functioning of all cells, and is important in energy metabolism; b12.
total parenteral nutrition, to supply complete nutrition to patients when the enteral route cannot be used, injected intravenously.
condition of abnormally low concentration of low magnesium in the blood.
a condition related to the deficiency of one or more vitamins.
A substance produced by the mucosa of the stomach and intestines that is essential for the absorption of vitamin B12.
a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcoho.l
a heavy ductile magnetic metallic elemen.t
softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency.
important ion for the function of many enzyme systems and is the 2nd most abundant action of the intracellular fluids in the body.
a form of vitamin K,injectable.
elements of the earth needed in the diet, which perform many functions in body tissues.
a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract,
a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract; niacin; vitamin B3.
abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D.
a vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids.
a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin).
a system of nourishing through breathing.
A mineral that is essential in bone formation, muscle contraction, and many other functions.
the major electrolyte in intracellular fluids, helping to regulate neuromuscular excitability and muscle contraction.
a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch.
fat soluble vitamin essentials for skeletal growth, maintenance of normal mucosal epithelium,reproduction, and visual acuity; aka vitamin A.
Helps the body use nutrients for energy; supports normal vision; helps keep skin healthy
childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
one of the most important elements of the body, sodium ions are involved in acid-base balance, water balance, transmission of nerve impulses, and contraction of muscles.
necessary to all body tissues and is found in all body cells.
water soluble, crystalline compound of the b complex,essential for normal metabolism and health of the cardiovascular and nervous systems; B1.
a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction.
abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes.
compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients.
fat soluble, helps with skin/ vision and reproduction & makes white blood cells, sources= dairy, liver, dark fruits and veggies.
Promotes normal appetite and digestion, needed by nervous system.
a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss, Riboflavin.
Niacin, two enzymes that regulate energy metabolism and is essential for a healthy skin,tongue, and digestive system.
Pantothenic acid, a water-soluable vitamin required in the manufacture of steriod hormones and some neurotransmitters.
a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch, pyridoxine
biotin, water soluble, aids fatty acid production and the oxidation of fatty acids and carbs.
folic acid, essential for cell growth and reproduction of red blood cells.
also called cyanocobalamin, key role in the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system, and for the formation of blood. affects DNA synthesis and regulation.
Vitamin B Complex
Group of vitamins that helps with metabolism & converting food to energy.
Ascorbic acid,Promotes healthy teeth and gums, wound healing and resistance to infection.
a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets,, Promotes growth and health of bones.
a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction,Tocopherol.
essential for sythesis of prothrombin in the liver.
a trace element that is essential several body enzymes, growth,glucose,tolerance, wound healing, and taste acuity.
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