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First Contact and Native-European Interaction

Oral Tradition

unwritten, memorized accounts of historical events and stories that are passed from one generation to the next by word of mouth.

Beaver Pelts

Valuable beaver skin used for hats and other apparel items; used for trade between Native Americans and Europeans


belts or strings of polished seashells that were used for trading and gift-giving by Iroquois and other Native Americans; used as money and as a record of treaties and other important events.

Henry Hudson

English explorer who sailed for the Dutch and explored the Hudson River and surrounding areas. Left a legacy of mistrust among the Native Americans he encountered.

Half Moon

Henry Hudson's ship

William Penn

Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718) to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.wanted to live in peace with the Indians, so rather than stealing their land, he dealt with them fairly.


English dissenters who broke from the Church of England, preached a doctrine of peace and equality. Under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania.

Walking Purchase

William Penn's sons and land speculators cheated the Delaware Indians out of land. The Delaware had agreed to cede as much land as could be covered in 36 hours but by using professional walkers to cover more land than the Delaware thought was possible, much more land was ceded than intended.

Natural Law

The idea that people who aren't using land in a productive manner must move aside for those who will

Vacuum Domicilium

An English legal doctrine meaning that lands not occupied could be taken. It served as a basis for taking Native American territory.

5 Signs of Civilization

Permanent dwelling, agriculture, livestock, barns, fences

Cultural Exchange

The process by which different cultures share ideas and ways of doing things; Exchange among distinct peoples of their customs, habits, foods, tools, etc.

Cultural Syncretism

The blending of two or more cultural influences

Pequot war

1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.

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