Theology 2B Final Study Guide
Theology 2B Final Study Guide Vocab
Terms in this set (62)
God's interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives.
To be founded on the Twelve Apostles.
One who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders and is a successor to the Apostles.
Speaking, acting, or thinking about God, Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, or the saints in a way that is irreverent, mocking, or offensive.
Along with One, Holy, and Apostolic, Catholic is one of the four marks of the Church. Catholic means "universal." The church is catholic in two sense. She is catholic because Christ is present in her and has given her the fullness of the means of salvation and also because she reaches throughout the world to all people.
The state or condition of those who have chosen or taken vows to remain unmarried in order to devote themselves entirely to the service of the church and the Kingdom of God.
In Christian tradition the Holy Chalice is the vessel which Jesus used at the Last Supper to serve the wine. New Testament texts make no mention of the cup except within the context of the Last Supper and give no significance whatever to the object itself.
A special gift or grace of the Holy Spirit give to an individual Christian or community commonly for the benefit and building up of the entire church.
College of Bishops
The assembly of bishops, headed by the pope, that holds the teaching authority and responsibility in the church.
Characterized by the equal sharing of responsibility and authority among the members of a group who form a college.
Refers to receiving the Body of Christ. In general, your companionship and union with Jesus and other baptized Christians in the church.
A change of heart, turning away from sin and toward God.
Based on the Lain credo meaning " I believe" is an official presentation of the faith, usually prepared and present
Culture of Death
"The prevalence of abortion and the growing acceptance of euthanasia are elements of this culture of death. The Church recognizes that from the moment of conception to natural death, all human life is sacred and should be treated with care and dignity."
Culture of Life
"Because we are created in God's image, every human being is worth our protection from whatever danger threatens it. For an unborn child, those dangers include selfishness and lack of resources, which too often lead to abortion. "
Also known as a "particular" or "local" Church, the regional community of believers, who commonly gather in parishes, under the leadership of a bishop.
Another name for the first and most fundamental community of faith; the family.
Of or relating to church.
A gathering of the church's bishops from around the world convened by the Pope or approved by him to address pressing issues in the church.
The movement to restore unity among all Christians.
Of or relating to a bishop.
Having to do with hermits.
It means proclaiming Christ both by our words and by the witness of our lives. As mentioned earlier the Church has a missionary mandate to help all people to share in the communion of the Holy Trinity. Evangelization is the primary way we accomplish this mission.
A server penalty that results from grave sin against the church law. The penalty is either imposed by a church official or happens automatically as a result of the offense.
Latin for "Let it be done"
To represent or prefigure a person before his or her life or an event before it occurs.
A non-Jewish person.
Of or relating to Greek history, culture, or art after Alexander the Great
In general, the line of authority in the Church; more narrowly the Pope and the bishops, as successor of the Apostles, in their authoritative roles as leaders of the Church.
This term is a translation of the Latin sancta sedes, which literally means "holy seat," The word see refers to diocese or seat of a bishop.
Religious painting traditional among many Eastern Christians. Christian iconography expresses in image the same Gospel message that the Scriptures communicate by words.
A screen or partition with doors and tiers of icons that separates the bema, the raised part of the church with the alter.
"Inculturation involves a respectful encounter between the Christian faith and a particular culture. The process is a two-way street: (1) it takes up particular cultural values and integrates them into the life of the Church, and (2) it proclaims the Gospel message in different cultural contexts, allowing it to "take flesh" in each people's culture. "
The means by which the Church takes away the punishment that a person would receive in Purgatory.
The gift given by the Holy Spirit to the Pope and the bishops in union with him to teach on matters of faith and morals without error.
A prayer on behalf of another person or group.
All members of the Church, with the exception of those who are ordained or in consecrated life. The laity shares in Christ's role as priest, prophet, and King, witnessing to God's love and power in the world.
The church's official, public, communal prayer. It is God's work, in which the People of God participate.
"The Church's Magisterium has an obligation to interpret the Word of God, whether it is in the form of the Scriptures or the Tradition. The Magisterium also ensures that the Church remains faithful to the teaching of the Apostles. The work of the Magisterium helps Church members to grow in their understanding of the faith. "
A person who suffers death because of his or her beliefs.
Based on a word for "service," a way of caring for and serving others and helping the church fulfill its mission.
The hidden reality of God's plan of salvation.
"A parish is a distinct community within a diocese. "
The fiftieth day following Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early apostles and disciples.
A prayer form in which one asks God for help and forgiveness.
The pope is the visible head of the church, the successor of Peter, the Bishop of Rome, and the pastor of the universal church, Vicar of Christ, head of the college of bishops.
A grouping of two or more dioceses with an archbishop as its head.
A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven.
Religious orders took a leading role in the evangelization of non-Christian lands, including the Jesuit missions in the Far East, and the Dominican and Franciscan efforts in the Americas. Many religious communities today continue to do missionary work throughout the world, including working for justice in places where there is a great deal of injustice.
There are also religious orders and congregations that are devoted primarily to prayer and contemplation. Rather than being actively engaged in the world, these communities follow the ancient monastic path of separating from the world so their members can avoid the world's distractions and more fully commit themselves to the pursuit of holiness through prayer and study.
The gifts proper to each of the Seven Sacraments.
The visible sign of the hidden reality of salvation.
To make holy, sanctification is the process of becoming closer to God and growing in holiness, taking on the righteousness of Jesus Christ with the gift of sanctifying grace.
The grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life life of the Trinity. It is a supernatural gift from God.
Relating to worldly concerns, something that is not overly religious.
Transcending the power of human intellect and will.
The Greek title for Mary meaning "God-bearer"
In the Sacrament of the Eucharist, this is the name given to the action of changing the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
Of or relating to the Trinity or the doctrine of the Trinity.
Someone who serves as a substitute or agent for someone else. As the Vicar of Christ, the Pope acts for Christ, his human representative on earth.
Another primary way laypeople participate in Christ's mission is through the vocation of Marriage. The vocation of Marriage is natural to human beings. A married couple has a natural vocation to have children and to raise their children in a way that respects their own child's vocation to follow Jesus.
A free and conscious commitment made to other persons (as in marriage), to the Church, or to God.
Worship (communal and individual)
"Although the essentials of the Mass are the same everywhere, there are aspects of liturgical celebrations that can be adapted to the culture of the people in the assembly. The liturgical music, the artwork, or the liturgical dance within a church, for example, can reflect a particular culture. Yet the integrity of the Church's worship is guaranteed because the ritual has been passed down from the Apostles through the bishops.