How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

8th Grade Science Terms - Diseases and Biotechnology

STUDY
PLAY
5 causes of disease
-bacteria
-virus
-fungi
parasite
protists
Prokaryotic cell
Single celled organisms that don't have a nucleus and other organelles, divided into 2 domains: Archaea and bacteria
Eukaryotic cell
Organisms that have a nucleus and other organelles
DNA/RNA
Genetic material of organisms and viruses
Unicellular
An organism that is made up of only one cell
Multicellular
A term used to describe an organism that is made up of many cells
Microorganism
An organism that is too small to be seen
Microbiology
The study of organisms
Pathogen
An agent that causes disease
Examples of some infectious diseases and their pathogenic cause
Chicken pox, flu, polio
Treatment
A plan to get rid of disease(antibiotics)
Prevention
To lower the chances of getting disease(vaccine)
Virus
A particle that contains genetic material and can evolve, but cannot reproduce independently and requires no energy; is NOT CONSIDERED LIVING; may cause disease
Structure(virus)
Genetic material, protein coat, and capsid that protects it
Reproduction(virus)
The virus takes over a host cell and makes it a virus factory
Defense(virus)
Capsid, a layer that protects the genetic material
Treatment(virus)
No treatment, antiviral medicine
Benefits(virus)
Population control
Bacteriophage
A virus made for destroying bacteria
Bacteria
Single celled organism that can help or harm
Structure(bacteria)
Genetic material
Reproduction(bacteria)
Binary fission
Defense(bacteria)
Cell membrane
Treatment(bacteria)
Antibiotics
Benefits(bacteria)
Decomposers
Protozoa
A kingdom of single-celled organisms with nucleus, some cause disease
Fungi
A kingdom of organisms with nucleated cells(cells with a nucleus) that includes mushrooms, molds, and yeast
Structure(fungi)
Multicellular, eukaryotic
Reproduction(fungi)
Both sexually and asexually
Fungi sexual reproduction
Reproduction where 2 reproductive cells(gamates) fuse together
Fungi asexual reproduction
Reproduction where offsprings arise from a single organism
How is fungi harmful in addition to pathogenic
Responsible for food spoilage
Helminth
Parasitic worms that usually live in soil and invade human or any other animal
Helminth-parasite host relationship
A parasite is an organism that live on the host(mosquito on a human
Vaccination
Medicine that help the immune system get used to killing a certain type of pathogen
Antibiotic
A drug used for killing bacteria
Antibiotic resistance
When bacteria becomes use to an antibiotic
Antiviral
A medication used specifically for treating infections