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WSET L3 - South Africa
Terms in this set (37)
South Africa Climate
Vineyards between 27 and 34d south so should be very hot, (and some inland areas are) but cooling influence from Southern Ocean: Benguela current and Cape Doctor. Also mountain ranges throughout growing regions. Vines planted on Southern slopes to benefit from more cooling.
Flows up from Antarctic along tip and up West Coast of Africa cooking coastal areas.
Cooling south-easterly summer winds. Paired with Benguela current, cooks coastal regions and helps bring the cooling current inland.
Wine of Origin scheme (W.O.)
Bottles will carry a certification deal.
Most important regions in SA
Breede River Valley
Cape South Coast
SA sustainable agriculture scheme
IPW - integrated Production of Wine
Estate Wines in SA
Must be grown, vilified and bottled on the estate within single geographical area. Some producers will release Estate wines as well as other W.O. Wines not labeled Estate under their label.
Grapes of SA
Pinotage (Pinot Noir x Cinsault)
Chenin Blanc - most of either color
Colombard - mostly for brandy
Muscat of Alexandria (Hanepoot)
Rhône Varieties for blends: Marsanne, Roussanne, Grenache Blanc, Viognier
Orange River and Northern Cape
Very hot, irrigated, cheap whites rarely exported.
Districts of Breede river Valley
Districts of Cape South Coast
Cape Agulhas - Elim Ward
Districts of Coastal Region
Stellenbosch, Paarl, Constantia, Swartland, Durbanville
Cabernet Sauvignon in SA
Blended with Bordeaux varieties or on its own. Most widely planted
Merlot in SA
Varietal - full bodied, plummy. Or Bordeaux blends
Syrah in SA
Widely planted. Hot climates give rich, F body,H alcohol, black fruit and earthy or meaty character.
Cool climates give less full body and peppery notes.
Pinot Noir in SA
Less tolerant to heat, so only in coolest coastal areas.
Pinot Noir X Cinsault. Developed in SA, not produced widely elsewhere. Range of styles. Sometimes blended with international varieties to make "Cape Blend". On its own, red fruit. Old bush vines make very full bodied, rich spiced berry fruit. Can take on coffee or chocolate when sees heavy toasted oak. Marketed for their point of difference and popular w consumers.
Most planted of either colour. Declining in importance but versatile so dry through to sweet.cheap is unexciting. Old bush vines offer complexity and concentration and oak can add to body and complexity.
Wide range, best are from coolest sites, pure fruit, herbaceous. Picked early in warm sites to retain fruit flavour and acid.
Exceptional quality especially in cooler sites. Burgundian techniques of barrel ferment and lees stirring.
Aka Muscat of Alexandria. Used for late harvest dessert wines - grapes left to shrivel on vines. Some noble rot.
Emerged in recent years, particularly successful in Swartland. Chenin Blanc with Rhône varieties.
Long been hub of fine wine in SA. Inland of coast at Somerset into mountains. Moderate to warm climate depending on site. Sufficient rain in winter and summers cooled by winds from False Bay. Key to success is variety of altitude, aspect and soil.
Cape red blends
Cooler sites - Sauvignon Blanc
North Of Stellenbosch, inland andnfurther from the sea so hotter day temps. Mountains provide variety of terrain, aspect, etc.
Wines of Paarl
Located in Cape Peninsula district. Some of oldest vines in the cape. Eastern flanks if Table Mountain. Cape Doctor cools. Sauvignon Blanc a specialty, sweet wine from Muscat.
North of Cape Town, large region. Traditionally high volume inexpensive wines but has undergone major transformation and is now innovation and premium wines.
Wines of Swartland
Old vine Chenin Blanc
usually dry farmed
Premium cape blends
South west of Swartland. Receives cooling sea breezes. Known for Sauvignon Blanc but now others too. Old vines.
Ward in Tygerberg district. Cooler hillside sites that get sea breezes. Sauvignon Blanc
Vin de Constance
Sweet wine produced in Constantia, cape Peninsula made from late harvested Muscat.
Western end of Breede River Valley. Hot, dry, irrigation from river is essential. Fertile soils, significant proportion of SA's annual production - Chenin and Colombard mostly for distillation, but plenty of well made high volume inexpensive wines too.
East of Worcester. South easterly winds cool Valley. Also high volume inexpensive, but as it is cooler than Worcester and land less fertile, some premium Syrah and Chardonnays also.
Within Walker Bay District, Cape South Coast. Long home to some ofnbest Chardonnays and Pinot Noirs. Also other varieties.
Northwest of Walker Bay. Altitude another cooling influence. Intense fresh Sauvignon Blanc but promise for Pinot Noir, Chardonnay sndnSyrah
South east of Walker Bay in Cape Agulhas district. Pungent herbaceous Sauvignon Blanc but Syrah also showing promise.
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