36 terms

Romantic Poets and Their Poetry

Bios of John Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley, Sam Coleridge, William Wordsworth, and William Blake and their poetry
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William Blake
early romantic poet, not known in his own time, died at age 70
William Blake
an engraver whose wife, Catherine Boucher, helped him with his business after he taught her how to read, he specially made his poem books out of engraved metal so they were not widely circulated
William Blake
he was very spiritual but had issues with organized religion, he created his own religion The Book of Urigen: The Web of Religion, respected the Bible but had problems with the actual church, felt enslaved by others religion
William Blake
inspired the band The Doors with one of his poems, said "Art is the tree of life. Science is the tree of death."
William Blake
Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience: thought they showed 2 contrasting states of human soul, he re-imagined Milton's Paradise Lost and Fallen, believed people switched back and forth between the 2 states during their life
William Blake
The Tyger, The Lamb, The Chimney Sweep
William Wordsworth
early romantic poet, best friends with Sam Coleridge, he went to Cambridge, died when he was 80
William Wordsworth
became Poet Laureate after his friend Robert Southy died, wrote Lyrical Ballads with Sam Coleridge, strictly Christian
William Wordsworth
(1790) was in a relationship with a woman named Anette, had a daughter with her and he met his daughter for the first time when she was 9, asked Anette if he could marry another when he saw his daughter, financially supported them for the rest of his life
William Wordsworth
married Mary Hutchinson, has 5 kids with her and they live in the Lake District, his sister Dorothy moves in with them and her and his wife become good friends
William Wordsworth
Lines Composed A Few Miles Above Tinturn Abbey, Lyrical Ballads
William Wordsworth
born in the Lake District, his mom died when he was 7, he had 5 siblings and they all got split up after her death,
Sam Coleridge
best friends with William Wordsworth, early romantic poet, went to Cambridge but was restless and dropped out, died when he was 62
Sam Coleridge
tried to set up a Utopia with Robert Southy but they failed
Sam Coleridge
wrote Lyrical Ballads with William Wordsworth in 1789- some say this is the beginning of Romantic Poetry
Sam Coleridge
wrote literary criticism and was a philosopher later in life
Sam Coleridge
addicted to opium (heroine) later in life and the hallucinations that came from this led to Kubla Kahn
Sam Coleridge
Kubla Kahn, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Lord Byron
later romantic poet, best friends with Percy Shelley, the first "celebrity", inherited his great uncle's title at age 10, leaves England in 1816 due to allegations/controversies, has a term named after him- Byronic hero (wealthy, attractive, cynical, brooding, dark, womanizer)
Lord Byron
he was a womanizer who associated with many upper class women, had to leave England because he dated his half sister
Lord Byron
born with a club foot which led to self-consciousness throughout his life, some say he overcompensated by dating many women
Lord Byron
butted heads with "The Lakers" (Wordsworth Coleridge),
Lord Byron
joins Greek revolution in 1823, dies a hero a year later from complications from a battle injury, fought for the romantic idea of restoring Greece to a republic, died at 36
Lorn Byron
She Walks in Beauty, Apostrophe to the Ocean, Don Juan, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (his best poetry are long narratives)
Percy Shelley
born into a wealthy aristocratic family, radical and rebellious from early on, best friends with Lord Byron, late romantic poet
Percy Shelley
got expelled from Oxford for distributing a "Necessity for Atheism" pamphlet
Percy Shelley
married a woman named Harriet to help her out financially, met Mary Shelley, when Harriet committed suicide Percy waited 2 weeks and then married Mary Shelley, he liked Mary because of her intellectual parents
Percy Shelley
he died in a shipwreck (foreshadowed his death in one of his poems), drowned, they identified his body because he had a book of John Keats's poetry in his pocket, died when he was 30
Percy Shelley
his main belief was that through political activity and writing, you can change anything you want, known for his beautiful writing style
Percy Shelley
Ode to the West Wind, To A Skylark, Adonais (about John Keats)
John Keats
born to humble working class parents, orphaned early on (dad when he was 8, mom when he was 14), his mom and his brother Tom died from TB, took care of Tom and watched him die a slow painful death
John Keats
at 14 he became a surgeon's apprentice, right when he received his license to operate he decided to give it up and become a poet, he received harsh reviews due to his liberal associations
John Keats
in 1818 he met Fanny Brawne at a Christmas party, they had a love affair but he was too poor to marry her
John Keats
Tom's death and his feelings for Fanny lead him to write Fall of Inspiration (Odes), his Odes get wonderful reviews after his death, "A thing of beauty is a joy forever."
John Keats
after he too contracted TB his friends chipped him to send him to live in Italy hoping the warmer weather would prolong his life, no good because he died a few months later
John Keats
When I Have Fears That I May Cease To Be, Bright Star, Ode on a Grecian Urn, To Benjamin Bailey