Terms in this set (...)

Industrial Revolution of the early 1800's to good
Industrial Revolution of the early 1800's to good
:1) Role of technology in that revolution
2) effects on household income and access
3) effects on producers of goods
favoring a republic or representative democracy as the best form of government
Articles of Confederation
agreement amongst the first 13 states of America, that served as the first constitution
government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
Land Ordinance of 1785
law passed by congress that allowed for sales of the land in the northwest territory
checks and balances
system in which each branch of government checks on the other two to make sure no one branch becomes too powerful
Shay's Rebellion
rebellion in massachusetts led by daniel shays along with 4,000 rebels against economic and civil rights injustices.
three-fifths compromise
compromise in which slaves would be counted as three-fifths of the population
electoral college
special group of voters who vote for the president and vice president
legislative branch
branch of government that makes the nations laws
judicial branch
branch of government that interprets the nation's laws
idea that supported the constitution and believed in a strong central government
executive branch
branch of government led by the president that carries out the nations laws and policies
Bill of Rights
first ten amendments of the constitution
people who believed in the constitution and a strong central government
The Federalist
85 letters and articles written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the U.S constitution
part of the legislative branch
introduction of a formal document
House of Representatives
part of the legislative branch, make and pass laws
Supreme Court
highest federal court of the U.S
Alexander Hamilton
federalist, founding father of the U.S wrote the federalist papers
tax placed on imports to make them less attractive to consumers and thus protecting domestic industries from foreign competition
given official approval
group of advisers to the president
excise tax
taxes paid when a certain product is purchased
not taking sides in a conflict.
Edmond Genet
French ambassador to the U.S during the French revolution
XYZ Affair
diplomatic incident between France and the U.S which led to a undeclared war called the quasi war
loyalty to a religion
judicial review
rights of the supreme court to see if a law violates the constitution
midnight judge
Judges appointed by John adams who made appointments up until midnight on his last day in office
Marbury vs. Madison
case which forms the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States
Judiciary Act of 1801
reduced the size of the Supreme Court from six justices to five and eliminated the justices' circuit duties
naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading
forcing people into service, as in the navy
ban on trade or other commercial activity
agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time
the process of concentrating on and becoming expert in a particular subject or skill
market revolution
expansion of construction of new roads and canals to connect distant communities together for the first time
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so
Anaconda Plan
name applied to an outline strategy for suppressing the Confederacy at the beginning of the American Civil War
Bull Run
first battle of the American Civil War, fought in Virginia near Washington, D.C
inconclusive and bloody Civil war
major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6-7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee
Fort Sumter
The battle was a bombardment near Charleston, South Carolina
George McClellan
American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician
Ulysses S. Grant
18th President of the United States and Commanding General
Stonewall Jackson
a general in the Confederate army during the Civil War
Jefferson Davis
American politician who was a Democratic U.S. Representative and Senator from Mississippi
Robert E. Lee
A general of the nineteenth century and the commander of Confederate troops during the Civil War
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution
Shays Rebellion
armed uprising in Massachusetts during 1786 and 1787
Separation of Powers
legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies
Map and Graph of land ordinance of 1785, dealing with the region, townships, and states
Thomas Pinckney
early American statesman from South Carolina, a diplomat and veteran officer
Time period of Louisiana purchase
War of 1812
Great Britain had violated American sovereignty/Great Britain provided arms and support to Native Americans
Confederacy of the five nations
Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca
What native americans were involved in the trail of tears
Creek, CHerokee, Chickasaw, Seminole, Choctaw
What area did the Monroe Doctrine aim to free from European interference
the Western Hemisphere
What development led to a sharp rise in the number of slaves in the southern US
the cotton gin
What president began the practice of replacing high ranking members of the executive branch when elected into office
Andrew Jackson
Purpose of the Erie Canal
Provided a new transportation route for merchant and travelers
What treaty was responsible for the acquisition of Florida
Treaty of adam-onis
The meaning of the slogan 54 40 or fight
attempt to rally the public in support of removing control of portions of the United States
What conflict delayed the annexation of Texas
The balance of slave and free states
What was the most important impact of the Canal building era
It opened the Midwest to world markets
Abraham Lincoln's main goal with the civil war
To unite the north and the south
What advantage does the south have over the north
they had a bigger army
Quote from Gettysburg address
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that "all men are created equal"
What was the stated aim of the Emancipation Proclamation
to free all slaves in the United States
Map of the Vicksburg campaign from April to July 1863
Map of the US boundary settlements 1818-1819
What kinds of people do you think would have been most likely to make the long journey west into unsettled territories of Utah, Texas and Oregon? Tell what hardships did these people face.
People that were looking for a better life and seeking a new lifestyle. The hardship they faced could have consisted of lack of food and water and being attacked.
Which side suffered more in the Civil War---the North or the South? Explain in DETAIL.
The South in my opinion suffered more. Due to the fact they were outmanned and outclassed. The South probably should have won due to the fact what they were fighting for (slavery). But the North really fought hard.