Upgrade to remove ads
PH Chapter 15 & 16 - Opioid Analgesics & Opioid Antagonists
Terms in this set (51)
This term refers to a drugs that bind well to a receptor
A ______________ binds to a receptor but the response is limited
A ____________ bind to a receptor and cause no response. It can reverse the effects of an agonist
What is Step 1 of the WHO analgesic ladder?
NSAIDs and acetaminophen
What is Step 2 of the WHO analgesic ladder?
MORE SEVERE PAIN
Add opioid for mild-moderate pain
What is Step 3 of the WHO analgesic ladder?
Substitute opioid for moderate to severe pain
Which medications are considered natural opioids?
Tincture of opium
Which medications are considered synthetic opioids?
Which medications are considered semisynthetic opioids?
Which opioid is the most commonly used for moderately severe to severe pain?
Which opioids are effective for the treatment of moderate-severe pain?
Meperidine and levorphanol
Which opioids are effective for the treatment of mild-moderate pain?
Codeine or pentazocine
Why are opioids not recommended for women who are pregnant or in labor?
It can prolong labor or cause respiratory depression in the fetus
If a patient who is lactating were required to take an opioid, how should it be taken?
Wait at least 4-6 hrs after taking the drug to breastfeed
The use of passionflower in conjunction with coumadin may cause...
Increased risk of bleeding
Passionflower is C/I in patients who are...
Pregnant or taking a MAOI
Which medication has less adverse reactions than morphine sulfate and is safe to use for older adults?
Large doses of passionflower may cause...
If a patient taking an opioid begins a drop in respiratory rate, what should the nurse do?
Coach the patient through breathing
Use narcan if needed
The nurse explains to the client that some opioids may be used as part of the preoperative medication regimen to...
1. Increase intestinal motility
2. Facilitate passage of an endotracheal tube
3. Enhance the effects of the skeletal muscle relaxant
4. Lessen anxiety and sedate the patient
Each time the patient requests an opioid, the nurse must...
1. Check the patient's Dx
2. Talk to the patient to see if he is awake
3. Determine the location and intensity of the pain
4. Administer the drug with food to prevent GI upset
When administering opioid analgesics to an older patient, the nurse monitors closely for...
1. Increased HR
4. A synergistic reaction
When administering a timed-release medication to a patient, the nurse must be aware that...
1. It should not be crushed
2. The medication is stronger
3. Serious cardiac arrhythmias may develop
4. CNS stimulation is possible
The patient on opioid therapy complains of abd pain. What is the nurse's best response?
1. "Let's see when is the last time you had your pain meds"
2. "Can you rate your pain for me?:
3. "Show me where on your tummy it hurts"
4. "When was your last BM?"
Which of the following drug combos would follow Step 1 of the WHO pain ladder?
1. Morphine orally PO 10 mg q4h and morphine sublingual 1 mg PRN
2. Hydrocodone PO 5 mg and acetaminophen 500 mg
3. naproxen PO 200 mg BID and acetaminophen 325 mg at bedtime
4. meperidine 20 mg with Phenergan IM
Which of the following findings requires the nurse to immediately contact the doctor?
1. HR = 80 bpm
2. Complaint of breakthrough pain
3. Respiratory rate = 20 breaths/min
4. Systolic BP of 140 mmHg
What medications can be used for treatment of opioid dependence?
Levomethdyl and methadone
This syndrome occurs if a drug is abruptly stopped. It is dependent on the half-life of a drug and the degree of physical dependence
What is the opioid antagonist, naltrexone primarily used for?
Alcohol dependence and to block the effects of suspected opioids if they are being used by a person undergoing treatment for alcohol dependence
How do opioid antagonists work?
They work by competing for opiate receptor sites and displacing the opioid drug
Are antagonist drugs selective for specific adverse reactions?
What are opioid antagonists used to treat for?
Postoperative acute respiratory depression
Opioid adverse effects (Reversal)
Suspected acute opioid overdosage
Opioid antagonists are used cautiously in...
Infants of opioid-dependent mothers
This term is used to describe a patient who does not use opioids routinely and is most at risk for respiratory depression
If naloxone is being used to reverse respiratory depression, how should it be given?
Slow IV push until respiratory rate increases and somnolence abates. If given too quickly, withdrawal effects may surface and the return of intense pain
Which drug would most likely be prescribed for treatment of a patient who is experiencing an opioid overdose?
What is the action when an opioid antagonist is administered?
1. Increases renal clearance of the opioid drug
2. Speeds up the cardiovascular system
3. Displaces the opioid drug from the receptor site
4. Causes the respiratory center to stop functioning
Which patient, given an opioid analgesic for acute pain, should the nurse monitor most closely for respiratory distress?
1. Patient with cancer taking morphine sulfate regularly
2. Athlete who is taking Percocet for a leg injury
3. Man who has never used an opioid pain medication
4. Methadone patient with a broken arm
A drug that is a(n) ______________ has a greater affinity for a cell receptor than an opioid drug, and by binding to the cell it prevents a response to the opioid
______________ is capable of restoring respiratory function within 1-2 mins of administration
Naloxone is typically used within the controlled settings of the _______________ recovery unit
Opioid antagonists are used for the treatment of postoperative acute _____________ depression
A patient has been prescribed naloxone for respiratory depression. Which of the following interventons should the nurse perform to promote an optimal response in the patient?
1. Monitor for an increase in the patient's body temperature
2. Monitor for any signs of dehydration and water loss in the patient
3. Balance need for continued pain relief with patient's ability to breathe
4. Administer the drug through a rapid IV push
A patient is a postsurgical recovery unit is prescribed a dose of naloxone. Which of the following interventions should the nurse perform during and after naloxone administration when caring for this patient? Select all that apply
1. Monitor the patient for symptoms of hypotension
2. Make suction equipment available
3. Turn and suction the patient when needed
4. Provide for artificial ventilation if necessary
5. Monitor for hemotologic changes
2, 3, 4
A patient in an ambulatory surgical center is prescribed an opioid antagonist. Which of the following statements in the patient's chart indicates an alert for the use of the opioid antagonist? Select all that apply
1. Liver impairment noted
2. Breastfeeding 2-month old baby
3. Family Hx of renal failure
4. Hypersensitivity to drug
The nurse caring for a patient with respiratory depression should include which expected outcome as part of the treatment plan?
1. Provide adequate ventilation of body
2. Provide patients with controlled analgesic pumps
3. Administer prescribed sedatives through IV route
4. Ensure that the patients' rooms are odor free
A nurse working in an alcohol detoxification clinic may use which of the following to treat patients with alcohol dependence?
How quickly does naloxone work to reverse opioid-induced respiratory depression?
1. 1-2 mins
2. 10-15 mins
3. 15-30 mins
4. 30-60 mins
A patient presents to the ED with symptoms of an acute opioid overdose. Several mins after the nurse administers the naloxone, the patient's respiratory rate and other symptoms have no changed. This is most likely due to which of the following?
1. The patient was not administered a large enough dose of naloxone
2. The patient is not experiencing an overdose
3. The patient overdosed on multiple opioids
4. The naloxone has not been given enough time to work
Naloxone will reverse the effects of which of the following drugs?
2. Lorazepam (Ativan)
3. Valproic acid (Depakote)
4. Warfarin (Coumadin)
Opioid antagonists may produce withdrawal symptoms in clients physically dependent on which of the following?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Test 5 - Drugs for Angina Pectoris, Myocardial Inf…
Chapter 45 Pharmacology Male and Female Hormones
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
N210 Quiz 13
316- Chapter 26: Narcotics, Narcotic Ant…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 7 - Nursing management of Pain during Labo…