Grammar 1 - Lesson 1
What is grammar?
Grammar is the art of speaking and writing well.
Where does grammar get its name?
Grammar gets its name from the Greek word gramma, which signifies "a letter."
How many letters are used in Latin?
In Latin, 23 letters are used: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, X, Y, Z.
How are the letters divided?
The letters are divided into vowels and consonants.
How many vowels are there in Latin?
In Latin there are 5 vowels: A,E,I,O, and U. Y is a Greek vowel and is found only in words coming from Greek.
Why are these called vowels?
These are called vowels because they make a perfect voice when pronounced alone.
How many consonants are there?
There are 16 consonants. H seems to be a consonant, but is only a note of aspiration.
Why are they called consonants?
They are called consonants because when joined with vowels, they make a sound with them.
What is a diphthong?
A diphthong is a conjunction of two vowels in the same syllable.
How is a diphthong to be pronounced?
A diphthong is to be pronounced with a double sound, so that each vowel of which it is compounded may be heard.
How many diphthongs are there?
Six: AE, AU, EI, EU, OE, and UI; as in Nostrae, Laus, Dei, Euge, Coeli, and Tui.
Of what is a syllable made?
A syllable is made of one or more letters.
Of what is a word made?
A word is made of one or more syllables, as Mors (death) and Do-mi-num (the Lord).
Of what is speech made?
Speech is made of one or more words, as Euge! (Well done!) and Dominum laudate (Praise the Lord).
How many parts of speech are there?
There are 8 parts of speech: Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Participle, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection. The first four are declined, the last four are undeclined.
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