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2nd Semester Final Review People
Terms in this set (48)
Slave whose owner took him from Missouri to free Illinois and free Wisconsin
Roger B. Taney
U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, he wrote the majority opinion in the Dred Scott decision, stating that African Americans were not citizens and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
16th president of the United States, 1860-1865. During the Civil War, he primarily focused on the Union and stated that the purpose of the war was not to free the slaves but to maintain the United States. Though he believed in abolition, he was only a moderate. In 1865, he was assassinated.
-won the election
-accused Lincoln on being a radical that favored race mixing
-idea; popular sovereignty
Head of Harper's Ferry Raid
-obtained financial backing from abolitionists
-believed it was time for an uprising
-his plan failed
-tried for treason
Forced to work on confederate ship
fighting against union
gained his freedom by meeting with other blacks to make a plan, took over ship, switched flag, and escaped
HOW PLANTER BECAME UNION SHIP
state legislature of S.C.
-Didn't return slaves; dilemma- fugitive slave law
Argues that the south has seceded so he doesn't need to return the slaves back to their owner. If they have left the union, then they've also left that law behind
thinks civil war is a waste of money
critical of Lincoln
thought everyone in north should avoid draft
sentenced to military prison
kicked out of union
killed himself in court by showing how to use gun
poor; born into a poor family in N.C.
After succession he was the only senator from a confederate state to stay loyal to the union.
Blamed planter class for war- hated wealthy people
Was for black codes
Seemed to be talking tougher than Lincoln
vetoed civil rights and freedmen's bureau act
Made everyone mad
William T. Sherman
-ruined a ton of land and handed it over to A.A.
-first to face runaway slaves
-wants to get rid of them but they want land so he gives it to them
vice president of confederacy
during reconstruction they want land so he gives them land
fought against secession
○ Wovoka was a Paiute Indian Medicine Man
○ He was one of the men who started the religious ceremony called the "Ghost Dance" and the local police thought that by doing the "Ghost Dance" he was agitating the Indians and sparking a fight.
- He may have been one of the guys that started the Wounded Knee battle (1890) (Sioux Indians led by Spotted Elk (BigFoot)) in South Dakota with his "Ghost Dance"
* Women and Children were Massacred
* Wounded Knee was the last Indian battle in history
○ Wovoka and other medicine men who started the "Ghost Dance" got arrested and were subdued by the U.S. army
Mexican man who went with 2 young boys to find some goats, but was captured by Texas Rangers, who believed that he was trying to cross the border to avoid the draft. He was held at gunpoint, but eventually got free, and was tried and found innocent.
leader of the National Woman's Party and the Congressional Union, campaigned for an Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and led protests
The Harada family owned a house on Lemon Street in Riverside, but the mostly-white residents of the neighborhood tried to buy them out. When this failed, they took them to court. They decided to place the land in the name of their children, and the court case was ruled in their favor.
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. Vertical integration.
Founded the Carnegie Steel Company. Dominated the American steel industry. Vertical integration by buying all the steps needed for production. Philanthropist. "Robber Baron." Gospel of Wealth.
One of the founders of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World, and five-time Socialist Party of America Presidential Candidate.
Leader of the American Railway Union. Led union workers in the Pullman strike. Jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
Increased size of Navy. Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick." Mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France. Rough Rider (helped him gain fame after San Juan Hill). "Trust Buster."
Ford Motor Company. Made assembly line production more efficient - a finished car would come out every 10 seconds. He helped to make car inexpensive so more Americans could buy them. Single color offered.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare; he was nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker" until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the "Quaking Fighter."
The most radical republican
-wants land seized and given to slaves
-representative of Pennsylvania
-said Lincoln's plan is too lenient
Black Mississippi senator elected to the seat that had been occupied by Jefferson Davis when the South seceded.
Nathan Bedford Forest
Founder of the KKK. Has the most memorials in his name out of anyone that is memorialized.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Governor of Ohio
Won 1876 elections against Tilden
Won electoral votes
-made deal to become president
14 year old African American boy lynched for looking at a white woman.
African American man who challenged the Louisiana law requiring blacks to ride in a separate car on trains. "Separate but Equal" constitutional.
Chief Justice who used a loose interpretation to expand rights for both African-Americans and those accused of crimes. Presided over the Brown V. Board of Education.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery and so triggered the national civil rights movement
He was the governor of Arkansas during the time of the Little Rock Crisis. He attempted to block the integration of the school by using the national guard, leading to a confrontation with the Eisenhower and ultimately integration of the school.
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. Opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Worked with Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Freedom Riders.
U.S. sprinter who won the bronze medal in the Mexico City Olympics and gave a Black Power salute while they played the U.S. national anthem in honor of him. Wore beaded necklace and unzipped jacket.
Gold medalist expelled from the 1968 Olympics for having on a black scarf (for Black pride), wearing black socks (without shoes, Black poverty), wearing a beaded necklace as a memento to those killed in racial hate, (friend) unzipped jacket as a blue collar worker, one (John Carlos) forgot gloves, so they split one pair of gloves to raise their hands in victory.
Native American who tried to assimilate into white culture. Eventually went back to his old tribe because Americans suck.
Ben O Davis
The first African American general in the US Army
One of the many Japanese-American citizens living on the West Coast during WWII. After the execution of Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal of all Japanese Americans from designated "military areas" and their placement in internment camps, he became a fugitive. His conviction for disobeying that order led to a test of the order's legality before the US Supreme Court. The Supreme Court that the relocation of Japanese Americans was constitutional because it guarded the safety of the majority of Americans.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italian immigrants and Anarchists (people against all forms of government) who were blamed for the murder of a guard at a shoe factory and the subsequent robbery of the factory. Anti-immigrant and anti-anarchy mindsets of the era sentenced these men to death before even being proven guilty.
Famous lawyer of the 1920s era. Presided over both the case of Leopold and Loeb (perfect murder) and the Scopes Monkey Trial.
A substitute science teacher who taught a class in Tennessee the theory of evolution rather than creationism. He was sued by the state of Tennessee for these actions and was eventually fined $100.
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver (while running for president three times) and prosecuted John Scopes for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school.
Corrupted the stock market by getting a few wealthy men to invest in a stock and then told the news to publicize that stock so that they would get more money. Essentially exploiting the stock market system with insider trading.
A Republican elected president in 1929 who assured the country that the economy was stronger than ever and would only continue to get stronger. Under his control, the stock market crashed and the Great Depression began. However, this president believed that welfare programs decreased people's self-worth and sense of individualism and only established programs that would have a trickle-down effect on the lower classes. (PRIVATE INTEREST PRESIDENT)
A general called in by Hoover to clear DC's Pennsylvania Avenue, but his overzealous personality led him to eradicate every Bonus Army member with violence. Armed with only stones and bricks, the protesters were no match for the guns and tear gas of the Army. This man's actions horrified Hoover, but he took responsibility. Later became a WWII hero.
Began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression. Was the nation's leader during most of WWII. Elected four times. Democratic Coalition.
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women.
American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social Security Act of 1935. Strongly opposed FDR.
"Kingfish", A Senator from Louisiana who proposed a "Share Our Wealth" program that promised a minimum annual income of $5,000 for every American family which would be paid for by taxing the wealthy. (100% tax on 1 million dollars). Announced his candidacy for president in 1935, but was killed by an assassin. Criticized FDR.
The U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945 and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet. As a loyal supporter of her friend Franklin D. Roosevelt, she helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition.