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US History- Chapter 9/10- Mexican American War
Terms in this set (42)
(1846) a proposal to outlaw slavery in the territory added to the United States by the Mexican Cession; passed in the House of Representatives but was defeated in the Senate
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
people have the right to rule (especially over slavery dispute)
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act , and argues in favor of popular sovereignty
Fugitive Slave Act
(1850) a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders -PART OF COMPROMISE OF 1850-
Personal Liberty Laws
Laws passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves
A secret cooperative network that aided fugitive slaves in reaching sanctuary in the free states or in Canada in the years before the abolition of slavery in the United States
(c.1820-1913) American abolitionist who escaped slavery and assisted other enslaved Africans to escape
Harriet Beecher Stowe
(1811-1896) author of the famous antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1852, antislavery book, widely read- hated by southerners - made northerners more skeptical of slavery
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
(FP) , Well-known abolitionist. used violence to stop slavery immediately, involved in the Pottawatomie Massacre, he was tried, convicted of treason and hung..
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
A party which pushed for political action against these newcomers. They displayed the feelings of America regarding newcomers that were different and therefore, the double standard of the country.
A political party formed in 1848 from a merger between the northern Democratic Party, abolitionist Liberty Party and Antislavery Party. It supported abolition and nominated Martin Van Buren has their candidate for president
John C. Fremont
A captain and an explorer who was in California with several dozen well-armed men when the Mexican War broke out. He helped to overthrow the Mexican rule in 1846 by collaborating with Americans who had tried to raise the banner of the California Bear Republic. Fremont helped to take California from the inside.
15th President of the United States
A black slave, had lived with his master for 5 years in Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. Backed by interested abolitionists, he sued for freedom on the basis of his long residence on free soil. The ruling on the case was that He was a black slave and not a citizen, so he had no rights.
Roger B. Taney
(1777-1864) U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice he wrote the majority opinion in the Dred Scott decision, stating that African Americans were not citizens and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
United States writer of a novel about slavery that advanced the abolitionists' cause (1811-1896), Issued the Emancipation Proclamation that freed slaves
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
land portions granted to empersarios
name for people who were given land in Texas by Mexico and were expected to bring in immigrants to settle there (land agents)
Stephen F. Austin
(1793-1836) In 1822, Austin founded the first settlement of Americans in Texas. In 1833 he was sent by the colonists to negotiate with the Mexican government for Texan indedendence and was imprisoned in Mexico until 1835, when he returned to Texas and became the commander of the settlers' army in the Texas Revolution.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Mexican president and general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
War between Texas settlers and Mexico from 1835-1836 resulting in the formation of the Republic of Texas
conflict between Mexico and Anglo Texan settlers because they had brought in slaves, which Mexico had outlawed and abolished
Santa Anna's army succeeded in late 1836. His force of 4000 men laid siege to San Antonio, whose 200 Texan defenders retreated into an abandoned mission, the Alamo. After repeated attacks, the remaining 187 Texans including Davy Crockett were wiped out and a few weeks later Mexican troops massacred some 350 Texas prisoners.
Commander in Chief of the Texan forces. He later became president on Texas. Trapped Santa Anna in the Battle of San Jacinto
Battle of San Jacinto
(1836) Final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas; Mexican President Santa Anna captured
James K. Polk
(1845-1849) The Mexican War starts in 1846. The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ends the war in 1848. Wanted to settle Oregon boundary dispute with Great Britain. Wanted to aquire California and to incorperate Texas into union, while reducing the tarriff and re-establish an independent treasury system. -11th President-
12th President of the United States
He was another leader in command during the Mexican War (although had an army smaller than Taylor's). He led a small army that captured Santa Fe successfully. He then went to California to help in the invasion there.
"Old Fuss and Feathers," whose conquest of Mexico City brought U.S. victory in the Mexican War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidaglo
(1848) treaty signed by the U.S. and Mexico that officially ended the Mexican-American War; Mexico had to give up much of its northern territory to the U.S (Mexican Cession); in exchange the U.S. gave Mexico $15 million and said that Mexicans living in the lands of the Mexican Cession would be protected
(1853) U.S. purchase of land from Mexico that included the southern parts of present-day Arizona and New Mexico; set the current borders of the contiguous United States (the U.S. states, minus Hawaii, Alaska, and commonwealth of Puerto Rico)
a period from1848 to 1856 when thousands of people came to California in order to search for gold.
People who went to California looking for Gold (They left in 1849)
Joined Union in 1850- 31st State
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