Veil of Ignorance
Terms in this set (12)
John Rawls 1971
proposed the idea of the veil of ignorance
The original position
this is an imaginative scene, a hypothetical choice situation, where parties are gathered to plan their own future society- however they do not know what part they will play and what their positionally will be- this is the veil of ignorance.
suggest that there would be extensive freedom and equality of opportunity and there wouldnt be extensive high pay unless it poorest benefitted as a result
2 types of equality
1. Equal basic liberties for all
2. Social and economic equality
Parties make decisions soley on the basis of general consideration, creating conditions of equality
2 children fighting over a piece of cake- mum tells the oldest to cut the cake, but tells the youngest to pick the first slice. it is in the best interest of the oldest child to cut the cake equally as he doesn't know which piece the youngest will take, this will put them In a position of equality
the purpose of Rawls principles of justice
principles of justice are needed to satisfy the basic structure of society and evenly distribute the social primary goods
The basic liberty principle
Everyone should have equal basic liberties e.g. free speech
it would be irrational for parties in this original position to gamble their basic liberties
in contrast to the principe of utility- if you end up as a minority you could be In a bad position, however the basic liberty principle aims to cater for even the minority, not the majority
The equality of opportunity principle
citizens of equal motivation and talent all get a chance at getting the same jobs and outcomes- should all have equal opportunities
The difference principle
social and economic inequalities in a basic structure must benefit the least well off
Critique of basic liberty- what do we consider basic? how do we chose between conflicting liberties?
critique of equality of opportunity- it educates people to the limits of their capacities- some are naturally for talent and intelligent than others.
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