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12 terms

Nursing 208 Test 2 ADVERSE and Psychological EFFECTS OF IMMOBILITY ON BODY SYSTEMS

table 11.6 and 11.7 from Carpenito 14th edition nursing diagnosis
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Cardiac
Decreased myocardial performance
Decreased aerobic capacity
Decreased heart rate and stroke volume
Decreased oxygen uptake
Circulatory
Venous stasis
Orthostatic intolerance
Dependent edema
Decreased resting heart rate
Reduced venous return
Respiratory
Increased intravascular pressure
Stasis of secretions
Impaired cilia
Drying of sections of mucous membranes
Decreased chest expansion
Slower, more shallow respirations
Musculoskeletal
Muscle atrophy
shortening of muscle fiber (contracture)
decreased strength/tone (e.g., back)
decreased bone density
joint degeneration
fibrosis of collagen fibers
Metabolic/hematopoietic
Decreased nitrogen excretion
decreased tissue heat conduction
decreased glucose tolerance
insulin resistance
decreased red blood cells
decrease Sebago phagocytosis
hypercalcemia
changes circadian release of hormones (e.g. insulin, epinephrine)
anorexia
decreased metabolic rate
obesity
elevated creatine levels
Gastrointestinal
Constipation
Genitourinary
Urinary stasis
urinary calculi
urinary retention
inadequate gravitational force
Integumentary
Decreased capillary flow
tissue acidosis to necrosis
Neurosensory
Reduced innervation of nerves
Decreased near vision
Increase auditory sensitivity
Psychological
Increased attention
negative change in self-concept
fear, anger
rapid mood changes
depression
hostility
Socialization
Changing roles
social isolation
Growth and development
Dependency