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Look at the symptom and decide if it is right sided HF or left sided HF.

distended neck veins

right sided HF


left sided HF

shortness of breath

left sided HF

hepatojugular reflux

right sided HF


left sided HF

weight gain

right sided HF

(weight is the most reliable indicator of fluid gain or loss.)

pulmonary congestion

left sided HF

organ failure, especially renal failure

left sided HF


right sided HF


left sided HF


left sided HF


right sided HF


left sided HF

dependent edema

right sided HF

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