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30 terms

the language of medicine

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hemoglobin
iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells
erythrocyte
Red blood cell
platelet
a blood cell that assists in blood clotting
stem cell
A cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to various types of blood cells
basophil
White blood cell (leukocyte) containing dark granules that stain with a basic dye.
hematocrit
a measurement of the percentage of packed red blood cells in a given volume of blood
fibrin
Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
eosinophil
this is a white blood cell whose cytoplasmic granules stain readily with an acidic dye
albumin
Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood
lymphedema
swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues
thymus gland
Gland located near the heart; it aids in the body's defence against infection by making antibodies
anaphylaxis
exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encounted antigen
adenoids
Masses of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx
antibody
protein that defends the body against disease
antigen
substance that triggers an immune response
interstitial fluid
Fluid between cells
immune response
Body's capacity to resist foreign organisms and toxins that can damage tissue and organs; humoral and cell-mediated immunity
hiv
the virus that causes AIDS
aids
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
thalassemia
Inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin
pernicious anemia
Lack of mature red cells due to inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
aplastic anemia
Failure of blood cell production due to absence of formation of cells in the bone marrow
hemophilia
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting
thrombocytopenia
a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
multiple myeloma
malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
hemochromatosis
Excessive deposits of iron throughout the body
cervical nodes
Neck (of the body) region
inguinal nodes
groin lymph nodes
axillary nodes
lymph nodes in the armpit
mediastinal nodes
Space between the lungs and the chest