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WSET L3 - Australia
Terms in this set (35)
Viticulture hazards in Australia
Bush fires - either the fire itself or the smoke can taint the grapes.
Australia black grapes
Late-ripening varieties that do well in Australia
Australia white grapes
Shiraz in AU
Hot regions - full body, intense fruit, peppery often earth or spice. Develop leather with age. Ex: Hunter Valley, Barossa Valley
Cooler regions - leaner, peppery version with restraint. Ex: Geelong, Heathcote
Also used to give softness and. Off to Cab Sav blends like Merlot does in Bordeaux.
Cab Sav in AU
Darker with firmer tannins and acid than Shiraz. Black fruit, toasty oak.
Classic: Coonawarra, Margaret River
Pinot Noir in Australia
M body, M alc, M to H acid, red fruit. Best from cooler regions of Tasmania, Mornington, Yarra.
Chardonnay in Australia
Most planted white, range of styles from peach unoaked and inexpensive to high quality from cool to moderate regions.
Margaret River (warmer though)
Sauvignon Blanc in Australia
Best is Adelaide Hills. Passionfruit, high acid.
Semillon in Hunter
Distinctive and unique style to Australia. Widely planted but Hunter is king. Harvested early with low sugar and high acid. Protective Winemaking makes almost neutral wines in youth, but age for 20 years or more developing honey and toast.
Semillon in WA
Herbaceous style could be mistaken for Sauvignon Blanc.
Traditionally full bodied and soft, but earlier picking with no oak is increasing.
Riesling in AU
Pronounced citrus aroma and taste. Honey, toast, petrol comes quickly with bottle age. H acid, dry or slightly off dry.
Eden valley, SA
Clare valley, SA
ALSO-Tasmania and Frankland River Subregion of WA. More floral.
South Eastern Australia Zone
All GIs in SA, Victoria, NSW, QLD. High volume. Irrigation key, but sometimes blend from better quality non-irrigated like Barossa, Adelaide Hills or McLaren Vale.
Riverland - SA
Murray-Darling - VIC
Riverina - NSW
Riverina - NSW
High volume, fertile, irrigated, but also botrytis wines from Semillon due to autumn morning mists and fog.
Most of Australian wine comes from SE of this state. Range of premium sites so often best and most expensive wines in AU will take advantage of blending opportunities and be labeled South Australia.
North of Adelaide. Warm and dry. Old bush vines. Cab Sav, Shiraz, Grenache.
Can be labeled Barossa, come from Barossa Valley or Eden Valley.
Barossa Valley Shiraz
F body, soft tannin, ripe black fruit and sweet American oak. Leather and spice as it ages.
Hills East of Barossa. Cool to moderate varying with altitude. Riesling is best. Lime, grapefruit and develops marmalade and toast after 10 years. Also Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay
NW of Barossa, N of Adelaide. Warm climate tempered by afternoon breezes and cold nights. Altitude plays part - vineyards at 300-400 M and some at 570M. Dry, citrus,lime, H acid. Honey and toast with age. Also Cabernet Sauvignon.
25k east of Adelaide. Moderate climate, all vineyards above 400M. Dry growing season and soils can't retain water so irrigation necessary.
Refreshing Sauvignon Blanc
On coast South of Adelaide. Afternoon Bree from Southern Ocean temper climate. Mostly reds: Shiraz, cabSav, Merlot, Grenache. Dark fruit and soft ripe tannins.
1.5km wide by 15km long. SE of Adelaide near VIC border. Moderate maritime affected by cold currents from Anarctic and also cloud cover.
Cab Sav - concentrated and structured with cassis, eucalyptus and menthol.
Part of Great dividing range in VIC. High altitude means elegant Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sav Blanc and Riesling.
NE of Melbourne. Cool to moderate maritime, but varied. Pinot Noir is best and also sparkling.
S of Melbourne. Cool to moderate maritime. Vintage variation high due to cool wet weather at flowering and harvest. Best years produce finesse and elegant styles. Also Chardonnay.
W/SW of Melbourne. Similar to Mornington. Chardonnay is renowned for quality and complexity. Pinot,Shiraz and sparkling.
Inland in center of VIC. Moderating influence is altitude. Shiraz with fresher fruit than warmer regions.
E of Heathcote, N of Melbourne. Shiraz most common but Marsanne is specialty. Citrus in youth to honey with age.
Hunter is hot but Altitude cooling influence in other areas.
Hot and humid. Cloud cover and ocean breezes help moderate at peak of season. Weather rainy and unsettled at harvest, so canopy management is key. Semillon. Also Chardonnay and Shiraz w M body and earthy.
200km south of Perth. Warm maritime. H rainfall compared to rest of country but mainly in winter.
Cab Sav and Bordeaux blends in a range of styles.
Chardonnays with concentrated stonefruit and H acid. Some MLF and lees.
Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon with gooseberry and tropical fruit w high acid.
Great Southern Region
In WA. Includes mount Barker and Frankland River, known for Deeply coloured Cabernet Sauvignon and elegant peppery Shiraz and floral Riesling.
Cool maritime influence. Cooling winds from Southern ocean, free from extremes. Started as base wine production for sparkling but quality Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Gris.
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