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AH Exam 2 - Liver
Terms in this set (92)
Functions of the liver*
1. Carb metabolism
2. Protein metabolism
3. Fat metabolism
5. Steroid metabolism
6. Bile production/metabolism
7. Storage (glycogen, vitamins, minerals)
8. Mononuclear phagocyte system (breakdown of blood cells)
Concentration of bilirubin in blood abnormally increased
White - sclera and skin
Black - hands, feet, mouth
Inflammation of the liver
Kupffer cells lyse
Bile flow is interrupted
Can liver cells regenerate after a hepatitis infection?
Yes if acute
Can hepatitis lead to cirrhosis?
Yes if chronic
Hepatitis A route of transmission
Ingestion of infected foods
When can hep A be detected?
In feces 2 or more weeks before onset of symptoms
S/s of hep A
Flu-like to jaundice
Which hep can be chronic?
Hep B and C
Hep B route of transmission
Transmitted perinatally by infected mothers, sexual contact, percutaneously:
Needles/ IV drug use
Mucosal exposure to infectious blood and/or body fluids
How long can the hep B virus live on an inanimate object?
up to 7 days so is very infectious
What can hepatitis lead to?
Acute liver failure and cirrhosis
Hep C route of transmission
Percutaneously - needles
What three viruses are co-infections in IV drug abusers?
HIV, Hep B, and Hep C so check for all
SO high risk for progression of cirrhosis and cancer
Why is hepatitis hard to dx?
May be asymptomatic during acute phase
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