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54 terms

Intro to Music ch 11-13

STUDY
PLAY
Binary
a two-part form of contrast and repetition
Form
the shape or structure of a piece of music, determined by patterns of contrast and repetition
Subdominant
a chord built on the fourth degree of a major or minor scale
Cadenza
an unaccompanied passage in free rhythm in which the soloist displays his or her virtuosity
Minuet and Trio
a stately dance movement in triple meter in a b a form. it is often the third movement of a symphony or string quartet.
symphony
a multimovement work for symphony orchestra
Chamber music
works for solo instruments performing together in small ensembles, such as a string quartet, a woodwind quintet, or a piano trio.
Modulation
to change from one key to another, frequently by harmonic progression.
Tempo
the rate at which music is performed
Chromatic
proceeding by half steps, using sharps or flats.
Rondo
a musical form consisting of two more contrasting theme areas, each followed by a return to the opening theme.
Ternary
a three part form
Concerto
a three-movement work for solo instrument and orchestra that emerged during the Baroque period
Scale
an ascending or descending series of tones organized according to a specified pattern of intervals.
Theme and variation
an instrumental form in which a stated theme is followed by a series of variations on that theme.
Diatonic
in western music, the eight tones of a standard major or minor scale.
Sonata
baroque period, a multimovement work written for a solo instrument and a continuo
Unity
music that does not ramble and is cohesive, with an exact or a modified repetition of themes and patterns.
Dynamics
the level of loudness
Sonata form
a structure that composers in the Classical era and since have commonly used for the first movement of a sonata, symphony, concerto, or string quartet
Variety
music that departs from previously stated themes and creates points of contrast.
Absolute music
music created for its own sake and without extramusical connotation
Miniatures
a small-scale composition
Ballet
stage production featuring formal, stylized dance performances with a story or a unified theme
Nationalistic
concert art music that reflects national or regional rather than universal characteristics.
Cadences
a point of repose at the ending of a musical phrase
Nationalistic music
concert art music that reflects national or regional rather than universal characteristics.
Character pieces
one-movement work for solo piano
Program music
music that depicts images, moods, stories, characters, and other non musical associations
Chromaticism
proceeding by half-steps, using sharps or flats
Rubato
a felxible pulse-- not restricted by a steady beat.
Dissonance
an active, unstable sound
Strophic
a musical structure in which the same music is used for each stanza of a ballad, song, or hymn
Homophonic
a melody that is dominant with other lines supporting the main melody has a homophonic texture.
Symphonic poem
a programmatic, one-movement work for symphony orchestra with contrasting moods.
Libretto
the words to an opera or other musical stage production.
Tension
a perception of instability in traditional western music that suggests the need for release of tension or resolution.
Lied
art song is a solo song with piano
Tonality
the gravitational pull of music toward a tonal center,
Lieder
plural for Lied; art song is a solo songs with piano
Atonality
the avoidance of tonal centers and tonal relationships in music
Neoclassical
a style of modern composition that is based on established forms and structures of the past and particularly on the aesthetics and musical values of the Classic era.
Avant garde
experimental composers who used experimental musical techniques
Neoclassicists
a style of modern composition that is based on established forms and structures of the past and particularly on the aesthetics and musical values of the Classic era.
Conjunct
melody that moves mostly stepwise
Sequences
a melodic pattern repeated several times either a step lower or a step higher than the preceding step
Disjunct
angular shape resulting from frequent use of wide intervals (skips)
Serial composition
a set of unrepeated pitches -- a tone row -- used as the basis for organizing the vertical and horizontal arrangement of pitches throughout a composition,
Impressionism
a style of music that avoids explicit statement and literal description but instead emphasizes suggestion and atmosphere, evokes moods, and conveys images and feelings
Serialism
created as an alternative to the major minor tonal system
Midi
(Musical Instrument Digital Interface) - a means for providing electronic communication between synthesizers and computers to other synthesizers.
Tone cluster
three or more adjacent tones sounding simultaneously
Minimalism
a style of composition whose creator attempts
Twelve tone technique
serialization of note values, timbres, or dynamics.