SS.912.A.2.7 Review the Native American experience.

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

Western Expansion
The idea of "manifest destiny" spread the United States from east to west coast with/ on the belief that the US was destined by God to occupy territory spanning from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans.
Wounded Knee Massacre
1890 confrontation between the U.S. cavalry and the Sioux Indians that marked the end of major Indian resistance to white expansion and large scale resistance to the Indian policies of the US Government...end to the Ghost Dance War.
Dawes Act, i.e. Dawes General Allotment Act
1887, act aimed at assimilation and the "Americanization" movement that encouraged Indians to become private property owners and farmers—effectively ending the reservations' tribal landholding system as each Indian family was allotted 160 acres of the tribe's reservation to own as a farmstead, one provision stated that their land could not be sold to transferred from its original family for at least 25 years.
Sand Creek Massacre
Fall of 1864, a band of Colorado militia under the command of US army officer Chivington came upon a camp of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians near Fort Lyons at Sand Creek, Co; the fort's commander had given the Cheyenne leader temporary permission to stay there, however, Chivington's troops opened fire killing between 150 to 200 Cheyenne and Arapaho men, women, and children; it galvanized another round of warfare as Plains Indians joined forces to repel white settlement.
Battle of Little Bighorn
1876 battle in which the Sioux Native Americans under Crazy Horse leadership defeated Col. Custer and his 250 soldiers.
Indian Schools, ** not in textbook
Forced assimilation tool by US Government, thereby, taking the Native American children away from their parents/ families to a boarding school and forcing them to adopt American Christian culture by giving them new names, new clothes, cutting their hair, etc. Effectively stripping them of their heritage.
government involvement in killing of buffalo
US policy makers hoped that as the buffalo became extinct, Indians would become farmers in the plains
reservation system
By the late 1860s, many Indian peoples had been placed on specific areas set aside by the government for Indians' use. Forced to migrate onto these areas, this made their previous ways of life difficult if not impossible to sustain, American Indians often faced poverty and the loss of their traditional ways of life, or forced assimilation.
assimilation
Adopting the culture and customs of the main society not always by choice; Being absorbed into the main culture of a society; "Americanization" movement 1871
"Americanization" Movement
the "Americanization" movement aimed at Native Americans, founded on the belief that Indians had to give up tribal loyalties and behaviors before they could adopt mainstream American values—also aimed at immigrants from other countries into the U.S.
Crazy Horse
Sioux Chief who led the charge killing Col. Custer and his men at the Battle of Little Bighorn; he surrendered with his
Sitting Bull
Hunkpapa Sioux Chief who escaped to Canada with a small group of Sioux after the cries for revenge from U.S. army forces after the Battle of Little Bighorn.