29 terms

Chapter 1: Organ Systems


Terms in this set (...)

How many organ systems
Name all the organ systems
1. Integumentary
2. Skeletal
3. Muscular
4. Nervous
5. Endocrine
6. Cardiovascular
7. Lymphatic/Immune
8. Respiratory
9. Urinary
10. Digestive
11. Reproductive
Integumentary major organs
Skin and sweat glands
Integumentary function
separates in & out, protects, regulates temperature/ thermogulation
Skeletal major organs
bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments, and joints
Skeletal function
structural support, protection of vital organs
Muscular major organ
Muscular function
3 Muscle types
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
move body
Cardiac muscle
move blood
Smooth muscle
move fluids/solids
Nervous major organs
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
Nervous function
control, detect changes, respond to changes, and regulate (electrical)
Endocrine major organs
Pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal glands, ovaries (female), testes (male), and pancreas
Endocrine function
control/regulate (chemical)
Cardiovascular major organs
Heart, blood vessels, and blood
Cardiovascular function
transports gases (O2/CO2), nutrients, hormones, and waste
Lymphatic/Immune major organs
Lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils, and scattered collections of lymphoid tissue
Lymphatic/ Immune function
Cleanse blood of pathogens, and protects against foreign substances
Respiratory major organs
Nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
Respiratory function
Gas exchange (O2 in, CO2 out)
Digestive major organs
oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, and other structures including teeth, salivary glands, liver, and pancreas
Digestive function
acquire food, absorb nutrients, solid waste removal
Urinary major organs
Kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
Urinary function
filter blood, liquid waste removal
Reproduction major organs (female)
ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, mammary glands, and vagina
Reproduction major organs (male)
testes, prostate gland, scrotum, penis, and duct system (carries sperm to body exterior
Reproduction function
perpetuate (to continue) species, create life, and to provide nutrition for infant (mammary glands)