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a long speech by one character to one or more other characters onstage


conversation between characters


a speech by a character who is alone on stage


when a character speaks to the audience or to another character that is not supposed to be heard by other characters on stage

stage directions

descriptions of how the characters are to move around the stage and seak their lines.


the portable items that actors carry or handle onstage

a play

a story acted out

internal conflict

when a character faces a decision inside himself

external conflict

when the conflict comes from an outside force

a tragedy

the presentation of serious and important actions that end unhappily

tragic hero

a noble figure who has a personal failing that leads to his or her downfall

tragic flaw

the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall


In Shakespeare's time, simply a play that ends happily.

direct characterization

when a character is described directly

indirect characterization

when a character is revealed by indirect means or by inference

a stage

where ever the play in presented. It can be grand or simple.

The Globe Theatre

Main theatre where Shakespeare's plays were performed

The King's Men

The group, sponsored by King James, to which Shakespeare belonged.

Anne Hathaway

Shakespeare's wife


people who paid half-a-penny to stand on the ground before the stage at the Globe

blank verse

Shakespeare wrote mostly in this form.


an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

end-stopped line

a line that has some punctuation at its end

run-on line

a line that has no punctuation at its end


character, plot, setting and theme


the point the author is trying to get across


introduces the setting, main characters, and sometimes the conflict

literary foil

like aluminum foil, this person "reflects" the character traits of another

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