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110 terms

NBE Microbiology for Embalming

STUDY
PLAY
Staphylococcus aureus is known for causing which of the following:
A. puerperal sepsis
B. Abscesses
C. Food poisoning
D. Both b and e
E. All of the above
Both B and C
Organisms that are ______ must obtain their oxygen from oxygen containing compounds, while ________ need free atmospheric oxygen.
A. aerobes---anaerobes
B. anaerobes---aerobes
B. Anaerobes---aerobes
Gonorrhea is often transmitted via infected objects, because the organism Neisseria gonorrhea survives well outside the body. True or False?
False- Rarely transmitted via infected objects
The anthrax bacillus can enter the body in which of the following ways:
A. inhalation
B. wound contamination
C. ingestion
D. only A and B.
E. all of the above
E. All of the above
The tetanus toxin is less potent than the botulinum toxin. True or False
True
What is the scientific name of plague bacillus?
Salmonella typhi
Yersinia pestis
Francisella tularersis
Bacillus antracis
Haemophilus influenza
Yersinia pestis
Which of the following organisms localizes in the gastrointestinal tract?
Salmonella typhi
Shigella dysenteriae
Escherichia coli
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
All of the above
All of the above
Proteus vulgaris is known to complicate the open wounds of burn victims. True or False
True
Botulism is non-communicable. True or False
True
The etiological agent of rabbit fever is:
Salmonella typhi
Yersinia pestis
Francisella tularensis
All of the above
None of the above
Francisella tularensis
Most zoonic infections are transmitted from animals to humans but can not be transmitted from human to human
True or False
True
The etiological agent of Toxic Shock Syndrome is Streptococcus pyogenes.
True or False
False- Staphylococcus aureus
An attack of Tularemia results in a permanent Naturally Acquired Active Immunity. True or False
True
Gonorrhea reacts well to antibiotics which makes it easy to control this sexually transmitted disease. True or False
False
An atypical type of pneumonia that has been isolated from water supplies, humidifiers and air conditioning equipment is caused by:
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Legionella pneumonphilia
Haemophilus influenzae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Legionella pneumonphilia
Unlike any other genus all species of the genus Salmonella are capable of producing disease. True or False
True
Typhoid fever can be transmitted by the:
Flea
Fly
Louse
Mosquito
Two of the above
Fly
Which of the following agents does not produce an enterotoxin:
Escherichia coli
Salmonella typhi
Shilla dysenterriae
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Two of the above
Shigella dysenterriae
A secondary invader or opportunist that causes summer diarrhea in infants:
Escherichia coli
Salmonella typhi
Shigella dysenterriae
Proteus vulgaris
All of the above
Salmonella typhi (Escherichia coli, Proteus vilgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa)
A vaccine is available for diphtheria
True or False
True
Lobar pneumonia is the chronic type of this respiratory infection:
True or False
False
The meningococcus usually causes septicemia before it reaches the meninges:
True or False
True
Tetanus is non-communicable as the causative agent that does not have to enter the body:
True or False
True
The portal of entry of most enteric organisms is the mouth. True or False
True
The portal of exit for most respiratory infections is feces and urine. True or False
False
The genus of the etiological agent of lymes disease is:
Treponema
Vibrio
Borrelia
Campylobacter
Leptospira
Borrelia
Treponema pallidum is the causative agent for syphilis. True or False
True
The etiological agent of cholera affects the:
Lungs
Intestines
Kidneys
Brain
Genital tract
Intestines
The bacterial gastroenteritis that rivals salmonellosis is caused by a vibrio and called:
Vibrio cholerae
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella enteriditis
Shigella dysenteriae
None of the above
Vibrio cholerae
Tertiary stage of syphilis is marked by a lesion called:
Chancre
Snuffles
Gumma
Abscess
Rhagades
Gumma
Lyme disease is transmitted by the:
Flea
Louse
Fly
Tick
Mosquito
Tick
Leptospirosis is a zoonic infection that can be transmitted from person to person
True or False
False- not transmitted from person to person
The etiological agent of Primary Atypical Pneumonia (PAP) is:
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Legionella pneumophilia
Haemophilus influenza
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Vibrio cholerae exists the body by way of nasal and buccal secretions. True or False
False
Droplet spray or droplet infection is the primary way respiratory infections are transmitted. True or False
True
The major symptom of Weils disease is a fever
True or False
True
Copper colored rash, loss of hair and influenza like symptoms are evident when infected with:
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Borrelia burgdorferi
Treponema pallidum
Francisella Tularesis
Treponema pallidum
Yersinia pestis is transmitted by way of
The bite of the rat
The bite of the rat tick
The bite of the rat flea
Close contact with someone who has the
plague
None of the above
The bite of the rat flea
Legionellosis is not normally transmitted from person to person
True or False
True
Blood tests will be positive for syphilis in the latent stage
True or False
True
The bulls eye rash is associated with which of the following infections
Scarlet fever
Secondary stage syphilis
Typhoid fever
Lyme disease
Tularemia
Lymes disease
Which infection is not transmitted by way of the fecal-oral route
Campylobacteriosis
Shigellosis
Summer diarrhea in infants
Typhoid fever
None of the above
None of the above
General paresis is associated with which of the following infections
Syphillis
Gonorrhea
Meningitis
Typhoid fever
All of the above
Syphillis
The agent that causes cholera is spirochete.
True or False
False
Of the following bacteria infections which is cause by a rod shaped organism
Campylobacteriosis
Gas gangrene
Strep throat
Peurperal Sepsis
Gonorrhea
Gas gangrene
Neisseria can cause venereal disease and infection in the blood and eventually the brain. True or False
True
The etiological agent that is rod-shaped, anaerobic and causes food intoxication is
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Clostridium perfingens
Neisseria meningitis
Corynebacterium diptheriae
Mycobacterium avium
Clostridium perfinges
Lobar pneumonia is the acute form of this infection.
True or False
True
Which of the following microbes will cause the plague
Bacillus anthracis
Proteus plague
Francisella tulerensis
Shigella dysenteriae
Yersinia pestis
Yersinia pestis
The enteric infectious agent shaped like a comma that is often transmitted by raw or partially infected fish or shelfish is
Vibrio cholerae
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella enteriditis
Shigella dysenteriae
Escherichia coli
Vibrio cholerae
Rickettsia rickettsii normally localizes in the
Skin
Blood vessels
The bite of the tick
Gastrointesinal tract
Respiratory tract
Blood vessel
The etiological agent causing endemic typhus is
Rickettsia prowazekii
Rickettsia typhi
Coxiella burnettii
Rickettsia rickettsii
None of these
Rickettsia prowazekii
Most Rickettsia are not transmitted from human to human
True or False
True
The infectious agent known to be transmitted by a vector that bites the host and causes a "bulls eye" rash is
Leptospira interrogans
Rickettsia rickettsii
Borrella burgdorferi
Coxiella burnettii
All of the above
Borrella burgdorferi (agent of lymes disease)
Spores that are in the process of returning to the vegetative state are described as
Sporulating
Germinating
Facultative
Vegetative
Germinating
Facultative anaerobes prefer obtaining their oxygen from the free atmospheric oxygen
True or False
True
What is the genus of the organism causing Opthalmia neonatorum
Staphylococcus
Steptococcus
Shigella
Neisseria
Bacillus
Neisseria
What is the species of the zoonotic organism whose cell wall has a high lipid content, described as acid fast, and is found as an opportunist in AIDS
Interrogans
Bacillus
Avium
Tularensis
Pesfis
Avium
Tularemia commonly localizes in the lymph nodes of the body and may be transmitted by the tick, flies, lice, horseflies and deer flies
True or False
True
The causative agent of ornithosis is a member of the genus
Campylobactor
Rickettsis
Coxiella
Chlamydia
Borrelia
Clamydia
What is the vector associated with Rickettsia typhi
Louse
Fly
Tick
Flea
Flea
Which stage is syphilis may be characterized by flu like symptoms
Incubation
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
None of the above
Secondary
Which species is the reason for the most common nosocomial infections
Typhi
Aureus
Jejuni
Pneumoniae
Aureus
Cellulitis is the typical lesion for the species
Pyogenes
Pneumoniae
Trachomatis
Typhi
None of the above
Pyogenes
The smallest free living self replicating units that do not have a cell wall are members of the Genus Mycoplasma
True of False
True
A faculative anaerobe is an organism that grows best in the absence of atmospheric oxygen but can live and thrive in free atmospheric conditions
True or False
False
A secondary invader that delays the repair of wounds and the causative agent of secondary infections of burns is associated with the Genus
Pseudomonas
Klebsiella
Proteus
All of the above
None of the above
Proteus
Tuberculosis in adults will normally spread to the lungs, lymph nodes, joints and meninges True or False
False
Tetanus is non-communicable
True or False
True
Neurosyphilis is characterized by all but one of the following
Tabes Dorsalis
Syphilitic rhagades
General Paresis
Meningovascular Syphillis
Locomotor Ataxia
Syphilitic rhagades
Ringworm of the groin is also known as
Tinea capitis
Tinea barbae
Tinea cruris
Tinea pedis
All of the above
Tinea Cruris
Pregnant woman should limit their exposure to cats because toxoplasma may be transmitted across the placenta to the fetus
True or False
True
Which of the following dermatropic viruses has lacrimal secretions as a portal of ext?
Rubella
Rubeola
Variola
Vaccina
None of the above
Rubeola
Small pox is not a major concern to funeral directors because the dead are NOT a source of infection
True or False
False
There are two types of herpes simplex virus: Type 1 that enters the ______ and type 2 that enters the ______
genital tract-----mouth
mouth----genital tract
mouth---genital tract
HCV is the only hepatitis virus without a vaccine
True or False
True
Which disease is associated with hydrophobia because the sight of water may cause the throat muscles to spasm in infected patients?
Hantavirus
Viral encephalitis
Rabies
Cow pox
CMV
Rabies
Which zoonic infection has a vaccine for horses, but not for humans?
Rabies
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Cow pox
Viral encephalitis
Small pox
Viral encephalitis
Member of the Genus Staphylococcus are often members of the normal flora, so it is common to find some Staphylococcus aureus in the mouth nose or throat
True or False
True
Which virus is seen as a frequent complication in AIDS patients
CMV
Rubeola
HSV II
Acute Coryza
Glandular fever
CMV
Many of the dermatropic viruses are marked by fever, rash and respiratory symptioms.
True or False
True
The viscerotropic virus that is acute with enlargement of the lymph nodes and spleen that causes sore throat and fever is
infectious mononucleosis
Glandular fever
Hepatitis C
Parotitis
Glandular fever/Mononucleosis
Which is not a dermatropic virus?
Rubeola
Rubella
Coryza
Varicella
Vacioii
Coryza
Which of the following is a veneral viral disease?
Hanta
HBV
HSV II
HSV I
NGU
HSV II
Which of the following can cause can cause catarrahal inflammations
Rubeola
Rubella
HSV I
Vaccina
Two of the above
Rubeola & Rubella
There is no known immunity to the hanta virus
True or false
True
A vaccine to prevent HSV is available
True or False
True
CMV can affect any organism in the body and can enter any orifice of the body and can enter via blood transfusions
True or False
True
Mumps exits the body by nasal and buccal secretions or secretions from the nose and mouth True or False
True
Immunity to acute coryza is permanent True or False
False
A virus that attacks the nervous system may cause
Stiff neck
Irritability
Fever
Loss of consciousness
All of these
All of the above
Another name for mumps is parotitis
True or False
True
Non A Non B Hepatitis is primarily transmitted via the parenteral
True or False
True
Although measles is a dermotropic virus it enters the body primarily through the nose and mouth via droplet infection
True or False
True
An example of local infection is mumps, while an example of a general virus is chicken pox
True or False
True
A lifelong immunity occurs after an infection of measles True or False
True
Which virus is transmitted via fecal oral route
HSV I
HAV
HBV
CMV
HSV II
HAV
HAV is an occupational hazard to funeral directors while HBV is not
True or False
False
Viral encephalitis is often spread by the Anapholas mosquito
True or False
False
There is a vaccine for poliomyelitis and all attacks of the disease will result in permanent immunity
True or False
False
Serum hepatitis is transmitted via contaminated foods
True or False
False
A virus that is similar to HBV but is transmitted by blood transfusions and can cross the placenta to the fetus
CMV
HSV I
Mumps
Polio
HAV
CMV
Chicken pox
Varicella
Common cold
Acute Coryza
Cow Pox
Vaccinia
Kissing disease
Mononucleosis
Non A Non B Hepatitis
HCV
Rubeola
Measles
Shingles
Herpes zoster
Variola
Small pox