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Terms in this set (17)
was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party, the governing party from 1948 to 1991. Under apartheid, nonwhite South Africans (a majority of the population) would be forced to live in separate areas from whites and use separate public facilities, and contact between the two groups would be limited by the Afrikaner National Party that won the general election under the slogan "apartheid" in 1948.
1913 The Native Land Act
passed to allocate only about 7% of arable land to Africans and leave the more fertile land for whites. This act forced nonwhites to leave their land and move to small reserved areas, making it illegal for them to work as sharecroppers.
African National Congress; "a National Liberation movement" that brought all africans together and put an end to the struggle for political, economic, and social changes. Goal is to build a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
Opponents of the Land Act formed the South African National Native Congress (SANNC), which would become the African National Congress (ANC). Created in 1912
F.W. de Klerk was president of South Africa from 1989 to 1994, during which time he worked with Nelson Mandela to successfully end the country's apartheid system of racial segregation.
Descendants of Europeans, Dutch (from Netherland) explorers that came to Africa in the seventeenth century.On March 1707 the group was settled in the cape of South Africa, and their first name was "Afrikaander". French Protestants, German mercenaries, and other Europeans joined the Dutch in South Africa.They are also known as "Boers", the Dutch word of famers.
Is a black township in South Africa where the Afrikaner police killed 69 persons by opening a fire on them, and wounded 180 by a hail of submachine gun fire. The demonstrators were protesting for their rights and nonwhite travel, and the broke into cape town where more than 10000 people were arrested.
Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in 1994 and remained president until 1999. He was an anti-apartheid, activist, leader who was a world wide advocate for human rights. He was a member of the African National Congress in which he lead non-violent revolts and armed resistance against racial separation which lead to the racially division in South Africa. After being in jail for twenty seven years, Nelson Mandela was released and joined the fight to end the Apartheid.
Truth and reconciliation
The South African Truth and Reconciliation authority was arranged by the Government of National Unity to help deal with what happened during apartheid. The struggle during the apartheid caused violence and the abuse of human rights to both races. Reconciliation offered the public an opportunity to express their regret at failing to prevent human rights violations and to demonstrate their commitment to reconciliation.
A series of protests led by students from Soweto, South Africa. Protests started because of a new act forcing black students and teachers to use Afrikaans while they were at school. The protests became very violent as students and police were killed. They lasted for the next three days and spread to other towns in South Africa.
Tutu was named the secretary of the South African Council of Churches in 1978 He became a major spokesman fighting for the rights of black South Africans. In the 1980s he was a main culprit in drawing international attention to the inequalities the apartheid was causing. He ended up winning a nobel peace prize in 1984.
A war in which Great Britain fought against the Transvaal and Orange Free State, 1899-1902
Born: October 2, Porbandar, India
Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi
Children: Harilal Gandhi, Devdas Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi
He was a nonviolent Indian philosopher. He started his activism in South Africa (Early 1900's). The leading figure in India's struggle to gain independence from Great Britain. Lived a ascetic lifestyle-he often dressed only in a loincloth and shawl.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power.
took place from March to April 1930 in India, was an act of civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) to protest British rule in India.Marched 240 miles to the Arabian Sea in protest of laws preventing Indians from making salt.
is a city in the northwestern Indian state of Punjab, not far from the border with Pakistan.
Amritsar massacre In Amritsar, India's holy city of the Sikh religion, British and Gurkha troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators meeting at the Jallianwala Bagh, a city park.
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 199 million people. Gains independence from India in 1947 as an place for Muslims in south Asia.