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77 terms

Classical Period

STUDY
PLAY
RONDO
Compositional form featuring a main theme (A) which returns several times in alternation with other themes, such as ABACA and ABACABA
OPUS
(Op.) A number, often part of the title of apiece, designating the work in chronological relationship to other works by the same composer
SYMPHONY
Large work for orchestra, generally in three or more movements
LIBRETTO
Text, or script, of an opera, prepared by a librettist
MINUET AND TRIO
Compositional form in three parts (ABA), sometimes used as the third movement in classical and romantic symphonies, string quartets, and other works. Usually in triple meter, with a faster tempo than a minuet.
CHAMBER MUSIC
Music using a small group of musicians, with one player to a part
OPERA BUFFA
Italian comic opera, sung throughout
SCHERZO
Compositional form in three parts. often used as the third movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works, it is in triple meter and usually in moderate tempo.
ENSEMBLE
In opera, a piece sung by three or more solo singers
SONATA
Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble
OPERA SERIA
Tragic Italian opera
THEME AND VARIATION
Form in which a basic musical idea (the theme) is repeated over and over and is changed each time in melody, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, or tone color. Used as independent piece or as one movement of a larger work
PATRONAGE SYSTEM
Sponsorship of an artist or a musician, historically by a member of the wealthy or ruling classes
GALANT STYLE
Decorative light, ornate style prevalent in 18th century French courts during the Rococo period
CODA
The last part of a piece, a concluding section following the recapitulation and rounding off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further
SONATA FORM
Form of a single movement, consisting of three main sections: the exposition, the development and the recapitulation. A concluding section, the coda, often follows the recapitulation.
1770-1820
The fully developed classical style in music flourished during the period
HOMOPHONIC
The texture of classical music is basically
GRADUAL DYNAMIC CHANGE (CRESCENDO AND DIMINUENDO)
Because of their interest in expressing shades of emotion, classical composers frequently used...
-flavoring their serious compositions with folk and popular music
-writing comic operas that sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy
-writing dance music for public balls
Composers in the classical period took middle-class tastes into account by...
DIVERTIMENTOS
Haydn and Mozart wrote many outdoor entertainment pieces, which they called...
STRINGS, PAIRS OF WOODWINDS, HORNS, TRUMPETS, AND TIMPANI
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of...
SONATA FOR ORCHESTRA
A symphony is a...
FIRST, SLOW, FINAL FAST
Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the _____ movement of a multimovement work
RECAPITULATION
Sonata form consists of three main sections, exposition, development, and ...
BRIDGE
A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the
THE SECOND THEME IS IN A NEW KEY
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement
-was the fourth-largest city in Europe
-was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire
-had a population of almost 250,000
Vienna in 1800
BRIDGE
A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a...
BRIDGE
A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the...
MOTIVES
Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called
ALL THE PRINCIPAL MATERIAL IS IN THE TONIC KEY
In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement...
RONDO
Which of the following is not part of a sonata form movement?
A SET OF PRINCIPLES THAT SERVE TO SHAPE AND UNIFY CONTRASTS OF THEME AND KEY
Sonata form should be viewed as...
AA'A"A"'A""
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as
ABA
The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in ____ form.
THIRD
The form known as minuet and trio is employed as the ____ movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works.
DANCE AT THE COURT OF LOUIS XIV OF FRANCE
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n)
STATELY AND DIGNIFIED
The character of the minuet is best described as
ABA
The minuet as a whole may be outline as...
SCHERZO
In many of Beethoven's work, there is a ____ movement instead of the minuet
MOVES MORE QUICKLY
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it...
SERENADE
A _____ is a musical composition that is usually light in mood, and meant for evening entertainment.
ABACABA
The rondo may be schematically outlined as...
ABACA
Another common rondo pattern is
FINALE
Because of its liveliness, regularity, and buoyancy, the rondo most often serves as a
IS USUALLY IN THE TONIC KEY
The main theme of a rondo
IS USUALLY AS LATE AS THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
The rondo was used
FAST, SLOW, DANCE-RELATED, FAST
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
SONATA
The first movement of a classical symphony is most often fast, and in ___ form
SECOND
The lyrical slow movement of a symphony is most often the...
SECOND
Unlike the other movements in the symphony, the _____ movement is generally not in the tonic key.
-is most often in sonata or sonata-rondo form
-is usually fast, lively, and brilliant, but somewhat lighter in mood than the opening movement
-is always in the tonic key of the symphony
The last movement of a classical symphony...
AN INSTRUMENTAL SOLOIST AND ORCHESTRA
A concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for
FAST SLOW FAST
A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is
PIANO
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the
MINUET OR SCHERZO
The classical concerto differs form the symphony in that it does not have a _____ movement.
A CADENZA
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called
FOR THE INTIMATE SETTING OF A SMALL ROOM
Classical chamber music is designed...
IS PERFORMED BY ONE PLAYER PER PART
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music
STRING QUARTET
The most important form of classical chamber music is the...
FAST, SLOW, MINUET OR SCHERZO, FAST
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is...
VIOLIN, CELLO, AND PIANO
The piano trio is a musical composition for...
ORFEO
Which of the following is not one of Mozart's three masterpieces of Italian opera?
THE LEGENDARY SPANISH LOVER
Don Giovanni, in Mozart's opera of that name, is...
CLASSICAL, ROMANTIC
The musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the ____ and ____ periods.
SONATA FOR ORCHESTRA
A symphony is a...
NEW TIME SIGNATURE
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a...
THE BASSO CONTINUO WAS THE NUCLEUS OF THE INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE
Which of the following statements is not true of the music of the music of the classical period?
RIDICULED THE ARISTOCRACY
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes
THE TERM SONATA FORM REFERS TO THE FORM OF A SINGLE MOVEMENT, AND IT SHOULD NOT BE CONFUSED WITH THE TERM SONATA, WHICH IS USED FOR A WHOLE COMPOSITION MADE UP OF SEVERAL MOVEMENTS
Which of the following statements is not true?
RETAINS SOME ELEMENTS OF THE THEME
Each successive variation in a theme with variations
IN THE TONIC KEY
The return of the main theme in rondo form is all the more welcome because it is
A MUSICAL COMPOSITION FOR SOLO INSTRUMENT AND ORCHESTRA
Which of the following is not true of the symphony?
KEY IN THREE OF ITS FOUR MOVEMENTS
Unity is achieved in the classical symphony partly by the use of the same...
-usually consists of four movements
-is the most important form in classical chamber music
-is written for two violins, viola, and cello
The string quartet
BALANCE, ORDER, AND ELEGANCE
The overriding traits of classicism in music are...