22 terms

Chapter 1.2 Population and Settlement - Migration

STUDY
PLAY
people moving to Edinburgh
Job opportunities and entertainment facilities
Why do people in rural area expect life in the city to be different than it usually is?
They can't afford to buy a house
How do people live in rural areas?
with poorness and dirty water
Why is it so difficult to have a good life in LEDC's rural areas?
They have very few services for local people
Three examples of push factors
natural disasters, lack of running water and unemployment
migration
the movement of people from one place to another
counter-urbanisation
the movement of people from cities to the countryside
pull factors
those factors that attract them to a different area
push factors
things that make people want to leave an area
migration pull factors
1. good education facilities
2. better food supply
3. available services
4. entertainment
5. variety of jobs
6. medical care
7. better quality of life
migration push factors
1. lack of running water
2. lack of services
3. no local schools and hospitals
4. lack of farm machinery
5. unemployment
6. population increases resulting in lack of food
7. natural disasters
problems of counter-urbanisation
1. higher property prices means local people ca no longer afford houses in the area
2. pressure on services such as schools and hospitals
3. many new families commute to the city, shop in the city and bring little money into local businesses
4. increased numbers of cars make roads dangerous for local children
5. building new houses destroys the countryside and habitats fro wildlife
6. some recent arrivals do not mix well with local people
China
greatest example of current rural-urban migration. Many cities are expanding their population by 10 per cent a year.
emigrants
those leaving a particular country
immigrants
people arriving in a new country
forced migration
1.as a result of war when people are forced to leave their homes
2. religious beliefs persecution
3. forced into slavery
economic migrants
When people move to find a better life for themselves and their families. They often want to return home when they have earned enough money
illegal immigrants
people entering a new country without the permission of the authorities
refugees
people who are forced to move, often by war or natural disaster
major Senegalese migrating destination
other African countries, Spain and Italy
Disadvantages of Senegalese migration for Senegal
1. emigrants are often healthy young males who would be capable of doing useful work at home
2. many emigrants are educated - the population left behind are less able to build a better country
3. an elderly population is left behind, putting pressure on Senegal's healthcare system
4. Jealousy and resentment arises against migrants when they return home, causing social problems
5. A gender imbalance is created, with many more women than men being left behind
Disadvantages of Senegalese migration for migrants
1. racial discrimination
2.lack of jobs available in new country
3.financial problems
4. possible death in sea crossings to Europe (often via the Canary Islands)
5.Exploitation in low-paid jobs
6. isolation and lack of friends leading to depression
7.pressure from family back home to send money
8. Highly qualified emigrants lose self-esteem in poor jobs
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