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To help alleviate pregnancy-related nausea, all of the following actions are recommended except

D. eat large, infrequent meals so as to limit contact time with food

Of the following nutrient needs, which is considered the most difficult to meet during pregnancy, often because of low body stores?

A. Iron

Which of the following is a characteristic of maternal smoking and breast milk production?

A. The milk produced by mothers who smoke contains nicotine

Which of the following is a characteristic of body weight changes associated with pregnancy?

B. Most women are unable to lose all of the weight that was gained during pregnancy

What is macrosomia?

B. A high-birthweight infant

Which of the following is one of the recommendations to treat pregnancy-associated heartburn?

A. Eat many small meals

As a means to reduce the risk of neural tube defects in newborn infants, grain products are fortified with what nutrient?

A. Folate

With few exceptions, all of the following substances or practices should be totally eliminated during pregnancy except

C. artificial sweeteners.

What is gestational diabetes?

B. Abnormal blood glucose maintenance during pregnancy

Relationships between the use of tobacco products and complications of pregnancy include all of the following except

D. taking zinc supplements prevents the development of pregnancy-induced hypertension in smokers.

Which of the following recommendations for pregnant women and alcohol intake has been issued by the U.S. Surgeon General?

A. They should drink absolutely no alcohol

All of the following statements are specific to the critical periods of cell division except

C. high-nutrient-density food fed after the critical period can remedy a growth deficit.

The amount of vitamin D recommended in pregnancy can be obtained by consumption of fortified milk and

B. exposure to the sun.

Which of the following nutrients are required in higher amounts during pregnancy due to their roles in the synthesis of red blood cells?

B. Folate and vitamin B12

Which of the following statements describes a relationship between alcohol intake and fetal development?

A. Birth defects are most severe when the woman drinks around the time of conception

Which of the following is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency among U.S. and Canadian children?

A. Iron

The single most effective way to teach nutrition to children is by

A. example.

Which of the following is a characteristic of tobacco use and adolescents?

B. Smokers require more vitamin C to maintain body stores

Which of the following sources of nutrition for infants is least likely to become contaminated with microorganisms?

B. Breast milk

Which of the following nutrients need to be supplied first by solid foods in a baby"s diet?

A. Vitamin C and iron

All of the following are characteristics of hyperactivity in children except

D. in many cases, it responds favorably to dietary manipulations such as limiting sugar intake.

What is the chief reason that breast-fed infants usually need to eat more frequently than formula-fed infants?

B. Breast milk is digested faster

Which of the following is a characteristic of hunger and behavior in children?

C. Children who eat nutritious breakfasts are absent from school less often than their friends who do not

At what age does the normal infant first develop the ability to swallow solid food?

C. 4-6 months

Which of the following is a characteristic of a food allergy?

B. It always involves the production of antibodies

Which of the following is a feature of nutrition and behavior in children?

C. Television commercials featuring snack foods have been found to affect children"s food preferences

Which of the following is an effective strategy for dealing with obesity in a child?

C. Engage the individual in at least 1 hour per day of moderate to vigorous physical activity

Roberta"s first child is now 8 months old. Roberta has been breastfeeding and would like to begin to introduce solids foods. She read somewhere to introduce one food at a time to the infant. Which of the following would be the best choice for the first food to introduce to the baby?

B. Rice

A child who drinks a lot of milk at the expense of other foods is at high risk of showing signs of

A. anemia.

Nutrient characteristics of human breast milk include all of the following except

D. the vitamin D content meets optimal growth requirements.

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