5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Massive Retaliation
- Malcolm X
- Freedom Riders
- a The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS or ANZUS Treaty) is the military alliance which binds Australia and New Zealand and, separately, Australia and the United States to cooperate on defense matters in the Pacific Ocean area.
- b Fanned out to end segregation in facilities serving interstate passengers. Freedom Riders were under a constant danger of being attacked by white mobs; therefore Washington dispatched federal marshals to protect the freedom riders.
- c Put things like small time military/navy on backburner, focus more on superbombers w/ nukes. Theory: more bang for your buck.
- d Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (created from the Manila Pact). (1954) The formal institution of SEATO was established at a meeting of treaty partners in Bangkok in February 1955. Primarily invented to protect against further communist invasion of Southeast Asia.
- e New wave of black leaders approaches; he is one of the highlights. Inspired by the militant black nationalists in the Nation of Islam. Malcolm changed his surname from Little to X in order to advertise his lost African identity. He trumpeted black separatism. Eventually moved toward mainstream Islam, which then became his downfall when rival Nation of Islam gunmen shot him in New York (during his speech).
5 Multiple choice questions
- January 1943 conference between FDR and Churchill that produces Unconditional Surrender doctrine WW11
- As the four regions of Germany were said to be united as one, the Soviet Union wanted to keep their side divided from the rest. The blockade came to represent the split between East and West Germany (between capitalism vs. communism). The split obviously being the capitalist East (US, Britain, France pieces), and the communist West (Soviet Union piece). The West stopped all rail and highway access to Berlin from the east side, trying to destroy the four-part control. We supported Berlin with airlifts for a year. Eventually in 1949, the Soviets dropped the blockade and the East and West were formally established.
- Rather than relying on a limited number of responses in case of military response, Kennedy broadened his choices of retaliation. This was seen most clearly in the establishment of the Green Brigadier and Strategic Air Command which could be deployed on command. The whole concept of Flexible response was a modification of massive retaliation, creating a plan for effective action.
- (FDR) European democracies might buy American war materials on a "cash-and-carry basis"; improved American moral and economic position
- Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
5 True/False questions
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg → Advertising campaign character who encouraged women to take factory jobs during WWII
Bay of Pigs → A CIA-backed scheme to topple Fidel Castro. On April 17, 1961, some twelve hundred exiles landed at Cuba's Bay of Pigs. Pinned down, the anti-Castroites surrendered. President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure. This failed attempt pushed Cuba towards the Soviet Union.
American First Committee → Organization created by isolationists who argued that the United States should keep out of Europe's business
NATO → North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Created among nations of the North Atlantic (US, Canada, Italy, Portugal, etc). Created to have united defense against anyone who tries to attack anyone within that thing.
Voting Rights Act 1965 → Outlawed literacy tests and sent federal voter registrars into several southern states.