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Which of the following is not an accessory sex organ of the female reproductive system?
Ovary; it is an essential organ.
The tube connecting the ovaries to the uterus is called the:
uterine tubes, oviducts, fallopian tubes. All of the above are correct.
Which of the following structures is not classified as internal genitals of the female reproductive system?
The layer that is incomplete because it covers none of the cervix and only part of the body is called the:
The uterus is suspended between two folds of parietal peritoneum that form a partition across the pelvic cavity. These ligaments are _____ ligaments.
Which of the following uterine ligaments form a deep pouch known as the posterior cul-de-sac of douglas?
The division of the uterine tube that has an outer margin that resembles a fringe is called the:
The part of the vulva that is composed of erectile tissue and is located just behind the junction of the labia minora is called the:
Which of the following hormones causes ejection of milk into the mammary ducts, making it accessible for the infant?
During a 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation would be most likely to occur on day _____ of the cycle.
The phase of the menstrual cycle that occurs between the expulsion of the ovum from the ovary and the onset of menses is the _____ phase.
The hormone that causes the follicle to rupture and the egg to be expelled is:
luteinizing hormone (LH).
A high blood concentration of estrogens:
stimulates epithelial cells of the endometrium to proliferate.
The increase in blood estrogens during the postmenstrual phase of the menstrual cycle produces all of the following changes in the uterus except:
decreased myometrial contractions. They increase.
During the postovulatory phase of the cycle, the greatest percentage of progesterone is produced by the:
The female reproductive system differs from the male reproductive system in that it: provides protection for the developing offspring.
provides protection for the developing offspring; provides nutrition to the developing offspring. does both B and C.
Which of the following does not contribute to the increase in the thickness of the endometrium during the endometrial cycle?
A) Growth of the endometrium B) Fluid retention in theendometrium C) Endometrial gland growth D) All of the above contribute to the increase in the thickness of the endometrium during the endometrial cycle.
Which of the following organs is not considered part of the "duct system" of the female reproductive system?
Vagina, Uterine tubes, Uterus. All of the above are considered part of the "duct system."
Which of the following structures is not in the urogenital triangle of the perineum?
Anus. It has its own damned triangle.
Which of the following structures is not involved with the development of the ova in the ovary?
Going from the ovary to the uterus, the sequence of the divisions of the uterine tubes is:
fimbriae, infundibulum, ampulla and isthmus.
Which of the following glands is not part of the vulva?
The greater vestibular glands, Skene glands, Bartholin glands. All of the above glands are part of the vulva.
Which of the following statements is not true about the mechanism controlling lactation?
Prolactin stimulates the ejection of milk into the ducts of the mammary glands. The correct answer is oxytocin.
Which of the following is the least predictable method of determining ovulation time?
The length of previous cycles
Which of the following is not a function of the ovary?
It produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Not true; it's the pituitary gland.
At puberty, the reproductive hormones stimulate the organs of the reproductive tract. Which statement best describes what happens to the ovaries at this time?
The ovaries become functional and produce mature ova one at a time.
What are the factors that explain why a woman is fertile only a few days out of each monthly cycle?
(1) Sperm usually cannot survive in the female reproductive tract for more than a few days, (2) an ovum must unite with a sperm within 12 hours after ovulation, before it reaches the uterus, so it will be ready for implantation, and (3) the cyclical mechanisms of female reproductive function limit the release of ova.
Why might salpingitis cause infertility?
It can cause obstruction of the lumen and marked dilation at the end of the uterine tube, preventing the ovum from entering the uterine tube.
It is not uncommon for at least some fibers of the levator ani to become stretched or damaged in women who have experienced vaginal delivery of a full-term infant. What are the possible results of this damage?
Urinary or feca incontinence, prolapse of the uterus into the vagina, or rectal prolapse through the anus.
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