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permanent, specialized committees. House Ways and Means Committee, Senate Judiciary Committee, and Senate Armed Services Committee. 20 standing committees in house and 17 in senate
made up of members of both house and senate, normally used for communicating to the public or for investigations but generally do not send bills to the floor for votes
temporary committees organized in each house for some special purpose, usually carry out investigations for the purpose of writing special legislation. Ex. House watergate committee, senate select committee on unfair practices from NIXON era. work of these committees eventually led to campaign reform
temporary, include members from the committees of the two houses who were responsible for writing a bill. POINT: to negotiate compromise bills, then submitted to the two houses for an up or down vote, no amendments. once a compromise bill has been negotiated, conference committee disbands
(committees will sometimes refuse to vote a bill out, hoping to keep it from being considered by the house,) A BILL STUCK IN A HOUSE OR SENATE COMMITTEE IS SAID TO BE
majority leader of House
keeps party members in line and helps determine party policy and party's legislative agenda
keeps the minority party members in line and helps determine the minority party's legislative agenda
president pro tempore
position given to the most senior member of the majority party of the Senate, comes in when vice is absent during session
pressure on congresspersons from their colleagues, you help me on this bill and i'll help you on yours
Northwest Ordinance 1789
provided clear guidelines for the settlement of new territories and provided a path to statehood...articles of confederation
pendleton Act 1883
eliminated the spoils system of patronage in selection for government jobs and set up an exam-based merit system for qualified candidates
Sherman Anti-Trust Act 1896
law provided Congress with authority to regulate and break up monopolies, known as trusts, in the US
Hatch Act 1939
permitted government employees to vote in government elections but forbade them from participating in partisan politics
Federal Election Campaign Acts 1971-1974
laws created by FEC and required disclosures of contributions and expenditures and limitations on contributions and presidential election expidentures
War Powers Act 1973
limited President's power to use troops overseas in hostilities and put a time limit on use and gave congress final power to withdraw troops
Budget and Impoundment Control Act 1974
established congressional budget committees and the Congressional Budget Office, and gave Congress the power to prevent the president from refusing to fund Congressional initiatives (aka impoundment)
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Bill 1985
set budget reduction targets to balance budget. Failed to eliminate loopholes
Espionage Act 1917/Sedition Act 1918
severely curtailed the civil liberties of Americans during wartime and greatly increased the power of the federal government in controlling public activity
Immigration Act 1924
this law stringently limited the number of immigrants admitted into the US and set strict quotas for entry
Civil Rights Act 1964
Title II banned discrimination in public places on the basis of color, race, origin or religion. Title VII prohibited employment discrimination based on gender
Voting Rights Act 1965
Suspended literacy tests, empowered federal officials to register voters, prohibited states from changing voting procedures without federal permission
Age Discrimination in Employment Act 1967
banned age discrimination in jobs unless age is related to job performance
Americans with Disabilites Act 1990
protected civil liberties of disabled American and mandated reasonable accommodations to public facility use
National Voter Registration Bill 1993
aka Motor Voter Act, law allowed people to register to vote when applying for drivers licenses
Patriot Act 2001
in response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11, congress granted broad police authority to the federal, state, and local government to interdict, prosecute and convict suspected terrorists
New Deal Legislation 1933-39
legislation that expanded the role of government in the economy and society. crated entities like social security, the securities and exchange commission and the Tennessee valley authority. these laws also dramatically expanded the role and size of the federal government
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act 1996
the Welfare Reform Act signaled a change in the role of the federal government in the relationship with the states. This law sought to increase the role of personal responsibility in welfare recipients and shifted many responsibilities for welfare provision to state governments.
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