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Bottino Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (65)
an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience
the central character or leading figure in poetry, narrative, novel or any other story
a literary device used to introduce background information about events, settings, characters etc. to the audience or readers
the way an author or another character within the story describes or reveals a character, through the use of descriptive adjectives, epithets, or phrases
the process by which the personality of a fictitious character is revealed through the character's speech, actions, appearance, etc.
a comparison that does not use the words 'like' or 'as'.
example - pulling Romeo out of his funk to pulling a horse out of the mud
a comparison in which one thing is said to be another
example - "Roosevelt was a bear of a man"
a comparison that is hinted at rather than stated
example - Angrily Sonia barked commands at her child. (Compares Sonia to a dog)
an internal conflict often happens when you have to make a moral or ethical decision because you're facing a dilemma of some sort (a conflict inside oneself)
a struggle that takes place between the main character and some outside force.
1st person POV
story is told by one character
the reader sees the story through the character's eyes, and only knows what he/she feels.
an environment or surrounding in which an event or story takes place.
to use figurative language to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses.
example - It was dark and dim in the forest. - The words "dark" and "dim" are visual images.
controlling idea or the central insight.
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
example - "Don't act like a Romeo in front of her." - "Romeo" is a reference to Shakespeare's Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet, in "Romeo and Juliet".
a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things.
Unlike a metaphor, a simile draws resemblance with the help of the words "like" or "as". Therefore, it is a direct comparison.
a figure of speech, which involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.
example - Your suitcase weighs a ton!
a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing
example - The books fell on the table with a loud thump.
a literary device that contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight, and is representative of several other aspects, concepts or traits than those that are visible in the literal translation alone.
example - "a new dawn" does not talk only about the actual beginning of a new day but also signifies a new start, a fresh chance to begin, and the end of a previous tiring time.
the author moves from character to character, event to event, having free access to the thoughts and feelings of the characters.
a literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions.
example - "The river, reflecting the clear blue of the sky, glistened and sparkled as it flowed noiselessly on." The depiction of idyllic scenery imparts a serene and non-violent mood to the readers.
a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect.
* Open secret
* Tragic comedy
* Seriously funny
* Awfully pretty
* Foolish wisdom
a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the other character
a literary technique in which two or more ideas, places, characters and their actions are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts
how does the author build suspense in "the most dangerous game"?
The author incresase the tension and suspence by going from just two characters, Whitney and Rainsford having a conversation to a pistol being fired, than Rainsford falling out of the ship, then going to the only house nearby Zaroffs that is lived in by savage Cossacks, then Rainsford become one of the hunted.
what type of mood is created in "the most dangerous game"?
evil and uneasy
why does Eckels travel through time in "the sound of thunder"?
so he can shoot a dinosaur
at the beginning of "the sound of thunder" what event has occurred?
keith won the presidential election.
what instructions are the men given in "the sound of thunder"
the instructions the men are given are what and where to shoot, as long as to STAY ON THE PATH.
how does the author of "poison" build suspense?
when the main character was figuring out if he was going to get bitten or not
what situation is the plot in "poison" based on?
racism. the brits against the indians.
what is the true gift in "the gift of the magi"?
Jim and Della each sacrifice something important to them to give another what they want. Della, sacrifices her long hair while Jim, his antique pocket watch. But, it makes their gifts to one another of tortoise-shell combs and a watch chain useless. So, their gift is to know that its the thought that counts and their each others gifts, not materialistic things.
why is the ending of "the necklace" ironic?
the ending of 'the necklace' is ironic because the losels spent so much time paying off a necklace that she thought was diamond, but was only fake.
why is the narrator in "the cask of amontillado" unreliable?
many reasons. he is the narrator so he may be bias as to whether Fortunate really did something terrible enough to deserve such cruelty of a punishment. the narrator could be just jealous and spiteful. additionally, if he's capable of plastering Fortunate into a vault, and possibly killing him, he is for sure not reliable.
why are the two men feuding in "the interlopers"?
we don't know exactly why, but probably because of land because at one point one took land from the other.
What is ironic about the ending of "the interlopers"?
they were just about to end the feud and then they get eating by wolves.
In "helen on eighty-sixth street" why is vita upset with help mcguire?
she's jealous she got the part of helen on troy, helen of troy was the face that launched a thousand ships
what is the central conflict in "the scarlet ibis"?
The central conflict is that that Doodle is born disabled. Because of Doodle's disabilities, his brother feels humiliated to be out in public with him. His pride becomes a destructive force in his young life. His pride is linked with shame and embarrassment over his brothers physical limitations, this makes him want to change him. Once again, while changing him his pride gets in the way which makes him push his brother to more than he can handle. This, leads to his brother dying.
who is the narrator in "marigolds"?
The narrator is Eugenia Collier while an adult looking back at her life to momentous moments. Specifically, when she was 14 to when she lost her innocence.
why do the children like to tease ms. lottie in "marigolds?"
because, while everything else is dead, and the town is a poverty dusty town and everything is just depressing and then there are these marigolds that are beautifully colored marigolds that stick out and have beauty.
what does the narrator in "marigolds" come to realize by the end of the story?
the narrator realizes one cannot have both compassion and innocence. destroying the marigolds is when she lost her innocence and began to have compassion for ms lotties because she realized that the marigolds were ms lotties own hope. so, the narrator begins herself to have hope.
know the basic plot of each act
(will later put the basic plot of each act)
know the irony from each scene in the play
(gonna put this later)
know how to translate passages
(will put harder ones here )
why is the nurse a dramatic foil for juliet?
she is a foil because the nurse is old and experienced loud obnoxious while juliet is quiet and refined young and innocent. the main difference between them is their opinion on love. juliet is interested in a passionate love in love with love, nurse is practical.
what character traits of Romeo and Juliet contribute to their downfall?
the traits are that they both are naive to love. they act on impulse, and their impulse actions are to strong. they blame everyone else but themselves
what does boo radley symbolize?
boo radley symbolizes the fact that you shouldn't judge someone over what you hear of them. additionally, he symbolizes a mockingbird because he is innocent and misjudged before people even know anything truly about him or what happens behind closed walls.
why does atticus agree to defend tom robinson?
Atticus feels that Tom Robinson deserves the best defense possible. Although Atticus was assigned to defend Tom Robinson, he is planning to give him a good defense. He understands that Tom is not likely to win, no matter how well he defends him. He knows that the color barrier is just too strong. Yet Atticus believes the only moral thing to do is to defend Tom to the best of his ability.
what deal does atticus make with scout concerning going to school?
the deal atticus makes with scout is that if she goes to school he'll continue to read with her every night.
what character in the novel treats jem and scout like adults?
miss maudie and atticus kindve but miss maudie main one
what happened to jems pants when he went to find them?
the pants had been put on a fence and sewed as if a man did it. the person who sewed it had put it in the fence as if he read jem's mind knowing that jem would go there.
what lesson does scout learn when walter cunningham comes to lunch?
when she makes fun of walter pouring syrup all over his food, she learns that its because he's never had it before and it is a privilege to have it. so, she learns not to judge the way people are because not all people have the same lifestyle.
why does scout beat up cousin francis?
scout beats up cousin francis for calling atticus a "nig**r-lover." and saying bad things about atticus.
why does atticus make jam read to mrs. dubose?
atticus makes jem read to mrs. dubose so he can see what real courage is like. he says ""I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It's when you know you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. Mrs. Dubose won, all ninety-eight pounds of her. According to her views, she died beholden to nothing and nobody. She was the bravest person I ever knew." Mrs. Dubose was a lonely old lady who numbed the pain of many years the only way she could. In the end she battled her addiction and found room in her heart to let two children, Scout and Jem in her life.
what does mr. link dead do during the trial?
mr link dead stands up and announces 'I just want the whole lot of you to know one thing right now. That boy's worked for me eight years an' I ain't had a speck o'trouble outa him. Not a speck." he is speaking off tom, and is defending him.
which aspect of Odysseus's character keeps him from giving his heart to Calypso?
the aspect of odysseus's character that keeps him is the fact that his heart belongs to penelope.
which trait does odysseus demonstrate by lying about his name to the cyclops?
he demonstrates that he has wits and is strategic.
what are the characteristics of an epic hero?
Faces adversity that try to defeat him in his quest or journey.
Gathers allies along his journey.
Returns home significantly transformed by his journey.
A tragic flaw that brings about catastrophe.
when does odysseus demonstrate a human side to him?
he demonstrates a human side when he sees in the land of the dead that mother has taken away her own life.
why is the episode with argus so important to the plot of the story?
it is important because it shows how much of a good owner odysseus was to his dog, that after all these years (20) his dog is still loyal to him and remembers him.
which of temachus's actions best demonstrates his obeisance to his father?
when he promises not to tell penelope of odysseus's return.
why is the episode when penelope invites the beggar to her room important?
it is important because it is when she reveals that her heart still belongs to odysseus. and it builds up to suspense as to when odysseus will reveal himself to her.
what is the theme of the odyssey part 2?
good triumphs over evil, home is the place where you can find peace.
what character traits does penelope reveal in part 2?
she reveals loyalty.
what is realism?
in tkamb, is when something in the story imitates real life. even though tkamb is not a true story it is probably based on things that happened in the narrators live. not totally nonfictions, but has elements of real life.
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